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英语专业四级词组辨析(1)

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小编摘要:来复习下几组常见词的辨析。

在学习英语词汇中,有时同义词的辨析是很不容易的,我们一般从三方面进行区分,即:语法、语义和文体。语法主要是词性、搭配、句式等的区分;语义主要是词义的本义、引申义、比喻义和内涵和外延等的区分;文体主要是正式和非正式、褒义和贬义等的区分。

 1.路

 way: Whereverthere is room for an object to proceed, there is a way.

 road: A road is aprepared way for traveling with horses or vehicles.

 path: A waysuitable to be traveled only by foot passengers or by animals.

 route: A route isa line of travel, and may be over many roads.

 street: A street is in some centre of habitation,as a city town or village, when it passes between houses of dwellings.

 avenue: A avenue is a long, broad andimposing(庄严) or principalstreet.

 

2.时代(期) (时期)

period:It indicates any passage of time, great or small./an extent of time of any length. (时代)

time(s): It refers to a period in history. in ancient times/ in Victoriatime (新时代)

epoch:It indicates a long period of time marked by eventsor development of a particular kind.

The first flight into space marked a newepoch in the history of mankind. (纪元)

era: It refers to a very long period of time marked by a particularfeature in a great new era of world revolution (时期)

age: It shows a particular /a fairly definite period in history. theBronze Age, Iron Age

 

3.战斗 (打仗)

fight:It is a bodily struggle (奋斗 斗争)

struggle:An effort of any kind to overcome difficulty. (战斗)

battle: A fight between armed forces. (战役)

campaign:A series of related military operations in a war. (战争)

war: A period of fight between countries or states when weapons are usedand many people are killed.(对抗)

combat:A fight, conflict, controversy.

 

4.牧师 (教士 牧师) 

priest: A person, esp. a man specially trained for various religious dutiesand ceremonies, in the Christian church, esp. in the Roman Catholic church (牧师)

minister: A member of clergy, esp. Protestant churches. (牧师)

clergy(pl): The officially appointed leader of the religious activities of aparticular church or temple.

clergyman:clergymen(pl) a member of clergy. (牧师)

pastor: A Christian religious leader in charge of a church and its members,esp. in a Protestant church. (教区牧师)

vicar:A priest in charge of an area(parish) in the churchof England.

father:A little of respect for a priest, esp. in the RomanCatholic.

 

5.服装

clothing(collect):(fml) General term of clothes.

clothes(nosingle): Coverings of the body such as coats,dresses, suits, shoes, hats.

garment(fl): A suit of clothes used by actors./a single article of clothing.

costume: 1) The fashion of dress peculiar to a people, nation, class,period, etc.

       2) A dress worn by actors in a play. uniform: worn by all members of thecommunity.

dress:1) A kind of outer garment worn by women (连衣裙).

    2) worn on special occasions (礼服) evening dress/ morning dress

suit:A set of outer clothes to be worn together. eveningsuit/swimming suit

coat:A garment with sleeves worn on top of other clothesfrom rain, heat, etc.

overcoat:A warn coat worn in the street. 

3
2012-03-08 09:22 编辑:wjy2005tom
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