在线词典,在线翻译

健康问题影响美国人预期寿命

所属:听力板块 来源:voa 阅读:2280 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:美国人在医保上的花费超过其它大部分国家。然而一项新的研究表明,美国的预期寿命(或人均寿命预期)已经落后于其它发达国家。

Health Problems Slow Gains in US Life Spans

Americans spend more on health care than most other people. Yet a new study shows that life expectancy in the United States is falling behind other developed countries.

In two thousand seven an American man could expect to live about seventy-five and a half years. That was less than in thirty-six other countries. Life expectancy for American women was almost eighty-one years. They were also in thirty-seventh place among almost two hundred countries and territories.

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington studied the numbers. Professor Ali Mokdad says increases in life expectancy have slowed in the United States compared to other countries.

ALI MOKDAD: "We've seen an improvement almost everywhere in the world. And in countries that are developed, we're seeing a higher improvement, a faster improvement rate, than we are seeing in the United States."

Professor Mokdad says the reason is Americans have made less progress in reducing problems like obesity and high blood pressure.

The report also identifies wide differences in life expectancy rates within the United States. The researchers created maps of life expectancy in each of the more than three thousand counties.

Areas with the shortest expected life spans are largely in the South. Ali Mokdad says researchers know some of the reasons.

ALI MOKDAD: "Less education, less income in some of these rural counties, more likely to be smokers, more likely to be obese. They don't have health insurance, or they don't have adequate access to health care, and the quality of medical care is not as good as well."

In the United States, many public health matters are local responsibilities. Restrictions on public smoking, for example, differ from community to community. Some communities have more bicycle paths and other chances for physical activity, or more places to buy fresh fruits and vegetables.

ALI MOKDAD: "A long-term investment in their community to increase physical activity and improve diet are needed in this country."

The study appears in the journal Population Health Metrics. Journal editor Chris Murray says at least one finding was unexpected.

CHRIS MURRAY: "It's a real surprise to us in the study that women are faring so much worse than men."

Around the country, American women still live longer than men by five to eight years. But their international ranking has been falling since the nineteen nineties. Dr. Murray says women are increasingly taking risks with their health.

CHRIS MURRAY: "Women are now smoking more. The obesity epidemic in women is greater than in men. Progress in tackling blood pressure is much worse in women."

In other news, the first report on the number of American births in twenty-ten shows another decrease. Births have been decreasing since an all-time high of more than 4.3 million in two thousand seven. Federal officials say state health departments reported just over four million births last year.

标签:voa special
2
2012-03-04 14:09 编辑:pliny
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [听力板块]美国最流行的小孩名字

    2010年美国出生的小孩有一个优先的机会被取名为“贝拉”或“爱德华”。这两个名字分别是10大最受欢迎的女孩和男孩名字中的一个。无独有偶,这恰恰是广受欢迎的描述吸血鬼的暮光系列的小说和电影
  • [听力板块]自然博物馆的一场生动科学展览

    户外、露天似乎是学习自然科学的天然场所。在南加州这种人们更喜欢户外的地方,它也极具意义。目前,洛杉矶县自然历史博物馆正为游客把展览从室内搬到户外。
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章