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2011年12月6日更新GMAT作文机经AI部分(七)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:2042 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:海词为您收集GMAT机经,充足的准备是考G成功的最重要的一步。

  10. V1 by kathymocha保护环境到底是政府还是个人该承担的责任。

  V2 by piggypigp 说保护自然环境的责任在于individual person rather than government。

  V3 by ssshirleypreserving natural environment是国家责任还是each individual的责任

  考古:

  原题:No. 13 “Responsibility for preserving the natural environment ultimately belongs to each individual person, not to government.”

  “保护自然环境的责任完全属于每个个人,而非政府。”

  思路:

  View1: Experience tells us that individuals tend to act on behalf of their own short-term economic and political interest, not on behalf of the environment or the public at large.

  View2: the government has certain advantages in preserving the environment.

  Evidence:the government can place certain regulations on the wastes and pollutants towards environment emitted by industries.

  Fines deprived from corporations and individual ones that disobey the environmental regulations can be used on many ways such as preserve the forests, planting trees, create conserved areas that will improve our current situations.

  l 个人往往是按照自己的利益办事即使有环保意愿但和个人利益冲突或要损失个人利益时候往往就会选择牺牲环境moreover个人往往是短视的,只关注眼前不注意长远。政府则相反

  l 环保常常规模很大,个人无力完成。

  l 诚然每个保护环境的措施都是要个人的参与的。但是这种参与是在政府的统筹下的。象作者那样的论断是草率的

  范文:

  While nearly everyone would agree in principle that certain efforts to preserve the natural environment are in humankind’s best interest, environmental issues always involve a tug of war (n. 拔河, 两派间的激烈竞争) among conflicting political and economic interests. For this reason, and because serious environmental problems are generally large in scale, government participation is needed to ensure environmental preservation.

  Experience tells us that individuals (and private corporations owned by individuals) tend to act on behalf of their own short-term economic and political interest, not on behalf of the environment or the public at large. For example, current technology makes possible the complete elimination of polluting emissions from automobiles. Nevertheless, neither automobile manufacturers nor consumers are willing or able to voluntarily make the short-term sacrifices necessary to accomplish this goal. Only the government holds the regulatory and enforcement power to impose the necessary standards and to ensure that we achieve such goals.

  Aside from the problems of self-interest and enforcement, environmental issues inherently involve public health and are far too pandemic in nature for individuals to solve on their own. Many of the most egregious environmental violations traverse state and sometimes national borders. Environmental hazards are akin to those involving food and drug safety and to protecting borders against enemies; individuals have neither the power nor the resources to address these widespread hazards.

  In the final analysis, only the authority and scope of power that a government possesses can ensure the attainment of agreed-upon environmental goals. Because individuals are incapable of assuming this responsibility, government must do so.

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2012-03-05 16:42 编辑:cwf1986
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