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专八General Knowledge知识点--2

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小编摘要:专八考点范围广,我们一起看看知识点都有哪些吧。

11.  John Milton the poet wrote of Adam and Eve's expulsion from the Garden of Eden in Paradise Lost. Paradise Regained was also written by him.

12.  Sonnet: A 14-line verse form usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemes.

十四行诗体, 一种由十四行组成的诗歌形式,通常有一种传统的押韵形式, 莎士比亚用过此诗体。

13.  Slang: A kind of language occurring chiefly in casual and playful speech, made up typically of short-lived coinages and figures of speech that are deliberately used in place of standard terms for added raciness, humor, irreverence, or other effect.

俚语主要出现在非正式的、游戏性的话语中的一种语言,基本由存在时间很短的派生词和修辞构成,它们被故意地用来取代标准的词语以达到生动、幽默、无礼或其它效果

14.  Catch Phrase: A phrase in wide or popular use, especially one serving as a slogan for a group or movement.

警句,妙句,吸引人的词句广泛使用的或流行的用语,尤指用作集团或运动的口号的用语。

15.  Jargon: The specialized or technical language of a trade, profession, or similar group.

行话, 一个行业、职业或类似的团体中使用的专业的或技术的语言.

16.  Platitude: A trite or banal remark or statement, especially one expressed as if it were original or significant.

陈腔滥调, 陈腐的或平庸的评论或陈述,尤指某人表述它时好象它是新颖的或有意义的

17.  Hyperbole: A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in  I could sleep for a year or  This book weighs a ton.

夸张法,一种比喻,使用夸张来强调或产生某种效果,比如在 我能睡一年或这书有一吨重

18.  onomatopoeia: The formation or use of words such as  buzz or  murmur that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.

象声词, 词的构成或用法,例如 buzz或 murmur模仿事物或行动的声音.

19.  hypotaxis: 从属关系

20.  parataxis: 并列结构,指短语或分句间不用连词, 如:I came, I saw, I conquered.

标签:TEM-8 专八
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2012-02-07 07:34 编辑:Day_Day_Up1990
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