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2011年10-11月gmat作文机经AI(至11.3)(四)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1845 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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  13. 2次

  people should paid by their beneficial to the society

  考古:

  一个人的PAY取决于How beneficial his profession is to the society

  思路:

  [反驳]重点放在professional上,专业知识固然重要,但一个人的工作能力不是仅凭专业技术能评定的,还有处理问题的能力、创新能力、和上下级沟通的能力等等

  [同意]工资依能力而定,能带给社会更大的贡献,理应获得更高的收入

  14. 4次

  问是商业领袖还是政府官员有更多的机会去影响社会和国家

  原题: No. 24 A powerful business leader has more opportunity to influence the course of a community or a nation than does the government official.

  思路:

   Admittedly, 领导人的作用有时不象企业家一样apparent. 因为国家的发展,人们的生活,与企业closely related. 比如GATES,领导了信息产业革命;Rockefeller,控制国家的石油命脉took control of American oil supply。企业家通过影响企业的行为,从而直观上影响人course of a community.

   但是,企业的一切影响is based on its existence, which is permitted by the government. 政府制定各种policy来允许企业的存在,企业家的一切行为需要被政府允许才能产生作用。

   Moreover, 影响一个国家,需要强大的power, which can be only generated from absolutely authority. 这样的绝对权力是企业不具备的。Yet even a cursory review of the history reveals substantial evidence that it is the government leader rather than the business leader that can make the pivotal decision when the nation is in crisis. 比如,在经济recession,企业的力量无法使经济好转,revive the economy of the whole nation, 只有政府运用行政措施,制定positive policy to stimulate the companies and thus the economy of the whole nation. 比如Roosevelt. Bill Clinton. financial policy

  范文:

  Historical examples of both influential public officials and influential business leaders abound. However, the power of the modern-era business leader is quite different from that of the government official. On balance, the CEO seems to be better positioned to influence the course of community and of nations.

  Admittedly the opportunities for the legislator to regulate commerce or of the jurist to dictate rules ofequity are official and immediate. No private individual can hold that brand of influence. Yet official power is tempered by our check-and-balance system of government and, in the case of legislators, by the voting power of the electorate. Our business leaders are not so constrained, so, their opportunities far exceed those of any public official. Moreover, powerful business leaders all too often seem to hold de facto legislative and judicial power by way of their direct influence over public officials, as the Clinton Administration’s fund-raising scandal of 1997 illuminated all too well.

  The industrial and technological eras have bred such moguls of capitalism as Pullman, Rockefeller,Carnegie, and Gates, who by the nature of their industries and their business savvy, not by force of law, have transformed our economy, the nature of work, and our very day-to-day existence. Of course, many modern-day public servants have made the most of their opportunities—for example, the crime-busting mayor Rudolph Giuliani and the new-dealing President Franklin Roosevelt. Yet their impact seems to pale next to those of our modern captains of industry.

  In sum, modem business leaders by virtue of the far-reaching impact of their industries and of their freedom from external constraints, have supplanted lawmakers as the great opportunists of the world and prime movers of society.

  15. 2次

  国家基于安全理由可以决定甚么信息该公开甚么可以不要公开

  考古:

  V1 政府是否应该被授权去审核任何它所感兴趣的信息

  V2 为了保证国家的安全性,政府应该被授权保护一切他想要保护的信息

  V3 一个国家的government应该被赋予一个权力,这个权利就是可以根据自己的意愿确定哪些information是需要被keep in secret的

  V4.In order to preserve nation's security , nations can keep secret any information they want

  16. 3次

  V1 学校应该多教技术啥的 少教艺术还是品德之类的

  V2 technology和science重要,所以学校应该不教艺术和社科。

  原题:No. 23 “Schools should be responsible only for teaching academic skills and not for teaching ethical and social values.”

  思路:

   虽然学校的主要职能应该是将知识和技能传递给学生,但道德价值和社会价值的教导同样也是学校的一个义务.因为对每一个学生个体而言,其正确的世界观人生观的养成甚至是比知识和技能更重要的.试想一个道德不健全或是和社会价值标准相背离的孩子就算他有再优秀的学术能力我们又怎么能指望他们会拥有成功的人生呢?而学校作为学生生活的很大一个组成部分占据了学生非睡眠时间一半甚至更多的时间,它对正确道德社会价值的养成是责无旁贷的.

   有些人可能会反驳说,每个孩子都是独立的个体.有他的特殊性,道德和社会价值的教导应该留给家长来完成.这样的说法貌似有一定的道理.但我们必须要承认的是,每个家长的能力甚至是道德水平也是良莠不齐的,我们怎么可以指望他们一定可以给孩子正确的引导.事实上我们正需要学校来充当这个引导的角色.因为我们无法控制家长的水平,却可以相对容易的确定教师的水平.

   当然我上面所论述的价值观只是基本的和应该被社会的每个个体所普遍认同的.我并不赞成学校灌输给学生更为具体的价值观.因为这显然是有悖于个体发展的多样性的.

  范文:

  The speaker asserts that schools should teach only academic skills, and not ethical or social values. I agree with the speaker insofar as instruction on certain moral issues is best left to parents and churches. However, in my view it is in the best interests of a democratic society for schools to teach at least the values necessary to preserve freedom and a democratic way of life, and perhaps even additional values that enrich and nurture a society and its members.

  We all have in interest in preserving our freedom and democratic way of life. At the very least, then, schools should provide instruction in the ethical and social values required for our democracy to survive—particularly the values of respect and tolerance. Respect for individual persons is a basic ethical value that requires us to acknowledge the fundamental equality of all people, a tenet of a democratic society. Tolerance of differences among individuals and their viewpoints is required to actualize many of our basic constitutional rights—including life, liberty, pursuit of happiness, and freedom of speech and religion.

  While respect and tolerance are the minimal values that schools should teach, the list should ideally go further—to include caring, compassion, and willingness to help one another. A democracy might survive without these values, but it would not thrive. Respect and tolerance without compassion, it seems to me, breed a cool aloofness that undermines our humanity, and leaves those in the worst position to suffer more and suffer alone—an unhealthy state for any society.

  Admittedly, schools should avoid advocating particular viewpoints on controversial moral issues such as abortion or capital punishment. Instruction on issues with clear spiritual or religious implications is best left to parents and churches. Even so, schools should teach students how to approach these kinds of issues—by helping students to recognize their complexity and to clarify competing points of view. In doing so, schools can help breed citizens who approach controversy in the rational and responsible ways characteristic of a healthy democracy.

  In sum, schools should by all means refrain from indoctrinating our young people with particular viewpoint on controversial questions of morality. However, it is in a democratic society’s interest for schools to inculcate the democratic values of respect and tolerance, and perhaps even additional values that humanize and enrich a society.

1
2012-02-07 19:17 编辑:cwf1986
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