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2011年10-11月gmat作文机经AI(至11.3)(一)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1742 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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  1.

  business and other organizations 太重视team work. However, it is strong inviduals who gets things down.

  原题:No. 36 “Businesses and other organizations have overemphasized the importance of working as a team. Clearly, in any human group, it is the strong individual, the person with the most commitment and energy, who gets things done.”

  “企业和其他组织过分强调了团队工作的重要性。很明显,在任何人类团体里,都是最强的个人,那个具有最多义务和能量的人,把事情完成的。”

  思路:

  View1: efficiency comes from work divisions. In today’s business world, it is unpractical for one person to accomplish an entire program. Actually, only every competent person finishes one part of the mission, entirely whole program get done.

  View2: An organization is not simply put competent people together but combine them to form a organic integrity, thus induce higher efficiency an productivity.

  The author's assert brings in the controversail and complex question that is being discussed a lot now : teamwork or individual energy and commitment, which one is more important to a company or other types of organizaitons? The author claims that teamwork has been overemphasized. To the contrary, I believe that is the author who makes an overemphasis by saying "It is the strong individual, the person with the most commitment and engergy, who gets things done.

   每个个人都是组织的一个组成成员。每个人都各司其职。尤其是在科学技术如此进步的今天很少有人能象作者所说的那样独立完成一项任务。事实上每个人都是完成了工作的一个部分一个方面,而合在一起才有了团队的成功。

   一个公司一个组织并不是所有成员的简单加总.如果是这样的话,那么也就没有必要形成一个团队了每个人独立完成就好了.事实上一个团队可以把个体有机的组织在一起,使整体的运做更有效率更有成效,这才识组织存在的原因.

   诚然集体的每个任务都是许多个别员工的努力组成的.但是这其中的每个人都不是完全独立的.没有设计人员,生产人员无法生产,而没有生产人员,销售人员亦无法销售.

  regimentation团队精神 each does his or her own duty technology organic organically

  范文:

  The relationship between teamwork and individual strength, energy, and commitment is complex; whether they operate in a complementary or antagonistic manner depends on: (1) the goals toward which the traits are directed, (2) the degree of emphasis on teamwork, and (3) the job of the individual within an organization.

  A person’s ability to work effectively in a team is not in consistent per se with personal strength, energy, and commitment. If exercised in a self-serving manner—for example, through pilfering or back stabbing—these traits can operate against the organization. Conversely, if directed toward the firm’s goals, these traits can motivate other team members, thereby advancing common goals. World War II generals Patton and Rommel understood this point and knew how to bring out the best individual qualities in their troops, while at the same time instilling a strong sense of team and common purpose.

  Nevertheless, over-emphasizing teamwork can be counterproductive for an organization. A successful team requires both natural leaders and natural followers; otherwise, a team will accomplish little. Undue emphasis on teamwork may quell initiative among natural leaders, thereby thwarting team goals. Also, teamwork can be overemphasized with a commissioned sales force of highly competitive and autonomic individuals. Overemphasis on teamwork here might stifle healthy competition, thereby defeating a firm’s objectives. In other organizational areas, however, teamwork is critical. For example, a product-development team must progress in lock-step fashion toward common goals, such as meeting a rollout deadline.

  In sum, individual strength, commitment, and energy can complement a strong team approach; as long as individual autonomy is not undermined, all can operate in a synergistic manner to achieve an organization’s goals.

  2. 3次

  老师是应该鼓励学生挑战现有流行的观点还是应该接受它们

  考古:

  V1. the best teachers are those who encourage the students to challenge popular ideas rather than accepting popular ideas.

  V2. 最好的老师会expect 学生challenge ideas

  V3 Some people think that the best teachers should expect students to

  感谢 sherry717xxm提供的思路

  开篇就说我的观点是两种的compromise,挑战权威或主流思想固然重要但是最好的老师应属那种generally鼓励学生创新但是又不一味单纯强调不接受所有这种思想

  P1.鼓励学生挑战……老师有助于在学生最好的学习的年华develop他们critical & creative thinking,而这些又是科技不断进步的最重要因素

  P2.鼓励学生挑战……的老师可以建立良好的teacher-student relationship,更加促进学习研究的ambience

  P3.但是这种鼓励是有条件的,不能什么理论观点都让学生们去挑战吧,要不就成了找茬,而且会浪费很多资源和时间

  最后再来个总结

  因为其实我是很想一边倒的,但是觉得还是大正小负或者大负小正这样写比较显得立体

  3.

  people are more likely be leader are those who can perform the same tasks as he or she want the other want to do 之类的

  原题 :No.33 “People are likely to accept as a leader only someone who has demonstrated an ability to perform the same tasks that he or she expects others to perform.”

  思路:

   人们不会尊重一个不能完成他要求别人完成的任务自己却不能完成的领导。这是人之常情,人们通常都只会欣赏和尊敬比自己优秀的人,而不喜欢被一个不能完成任务却命令自己去做的人心存敬意。例如克林顿总统当commander-in-chief 的时候,由于众所周知他曾经逃避兵役,很自然的下级军官和士兵都不是很尊重他。

   人们不信任一个自己完不成任务却要求别人去完成的人。仍然举克林顿总统的例子。由于他逃兵役被视为没有能力,下级都对他的决策心存怀疑,这也就潜在的导致了执行上的不尽心不尽力。

   诚然是否能完成自己交给别人的任务并不是衡量一个leader重要指标。可能领导能力、,组织能力、运筹能力更为重要,但是我们不能忽视人们心理上的看法,尽管它可能并不合理但它确实是存在的。

  normal human feelings admire adore respect superior to evade escape military service subordinate soldier be doubtful of be suspicious of execution implement admittedly true potentially evaluate index leadership psychological psychology psychological psychologist exist subsist ...in ... serves as a fitting and public example

   诚然,如果在其领导的领域内几乎一窍不通,一个领导很难得到下属的信任和支持,会被看作layperson. 比如,人们无法想象一个不具备任何电脑知识的人,该如何领导一个庞大的IT企业,比如MICROSOFT在激烈的市场中竞争。

   但是,这是否意味着作为领导,必须要有能力完成每一项他要求下属做的事呢?这个问题,与领导和员工的真正作用有很大关系!首先,领导的职责是制定长期的发展方针,并且保证这个方针的贯彻执行,adhere to their strategic plans不被偏离。组织员工共同合作完成任务。on the other hand, 员工的作用是各司其职,更加具体的specific task.

   从以上两种职责不难看出,领导与员工起到significantly different functions,让领导完成每一个subordinate要做的工作,unfair的。比如,不能blame a CEO for lacking the skills of typing。要对下属做的事有很好的了解,但不一定都要做。否则,领导就失去了意义,成为了一个全能的工人。omnipotent worker with all kinds of skills.

  View1: It is human nature to admire then follow someone who is more competent than themselves.

  View2: But a feature of a good leader is to organize people with different specialties together and let them perform as a whole. It is too ideal to expect the leaders to have all the specialties of his subordinates.

  范文:

  People are more likely to accept the leadership of those who have shown they can perform the same tasks they require of others. My reasons for this view involve the notions of respect and trust.

  It is difficult for people to fully respect a leader who cannot, or will not, do what he or she asks of others. President Clinton’s difficulty in his role as Commander-in-Chief serves as a fitting and very public example. When Clinton assumed this leadership position, it was well known that he had evaded military service during the Vietnam conflict. Military leaders and lower-level personnel alike made it clear that they did not respect his leadership as a result. Contrast the Clinton case with that of a business leader such as John Chambers, CEO of Cisco Systems, who by way of his training and experience as a computer engineer earned the respect of his employees.

  It is likewise difficult to trust leaders who do not have experience in the areas under their leadership. The Clinton example illustrates this point as well. Because President Clinton lacked military experience, people in the armed forces found it difficult to trust that his policies would reflect any understanding of their interests or needs. And when put to the test, he undermined their trust to an even greater extent with his naive and largely bungled attempt to solve the problem of gays in the military. In stark contrast, President Dwight Eisenhower inspired nearly devotional trust as well as respect because of his role as a military hero in World War II.

  In conclusion, it will always be difficult for people to accept leaders who lack demonstrated ability in the areas under their leadership. Initially, such leaders will be regarded as outsiders, and treated accordingly. Moreover, some may never achieve the insider status that inspires respect and trust from those they hope to lead.

  4. 4次

  physical activities are as important as academics.

  5. 2次

  评论people have duty to disobey laws they consider unjust.

  考古:

  V1 people has a duty to disobey 他们认为unjust 的laws

  V2. Should people have the responsibility to disobey the laws that they consider to be unreasonable.

  V3. People have the duty to disobey laws that they consider unjust.

0
2012-02-07 12:12 编辑:cwf1986
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