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2011年10-11月gmat作文机经AA(至11.2)(九)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1839 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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  26.

  xx杂志常脱销,它拍健身器材的,所以如果为了最大化居民体质,要在新建的小区都买这个器材

  原题:The following appeared in the letters-to-the-editor section of a local newspaper.

  “Muscle Monthly, a fitness magazine that regularly features pictures of bodybuilders using state-of-the-art exercise machines, frequently sells out, according to the owner of Skyview Newsstand. To help maximize fitness levels in our town’s residents, we should, therefore, equip our new community fitness center with such machines.”

  思路:

   杂志和健身中心的marketing strategy不同,不能简单apply杂志的经验,况且人们买杂志可能不是因为器材而是因为上面的运动员

   作者将健身视为强身健体的唯一途径,但其实慢跑、游泳等都可以强身健体,而且更便宜

   这些健身器材的质量未经过检验,值得怀疑

   如果杂志卖光得快不一定是因为这个器材好,很可能是价钱便宜,和其他的内容。

   那些人很可能并不真正用这些机器,而只是摆出造型。

   如果是为了body-building的机器很可能不能fitness。比如,cardiovascular fitness。

   The bodybuilders may just pretend to be using the state-of-the-art exercise machines while, in fact, their excellent body conditions are due to the use of other types of equipment. And, they just do so for the advertisement purpose.

   The circulation is just one of the indicators of the popularity of the magazine. What is more, I can find no direct relationship between the popularity of the magazine and the author's suggestion that we should equip the community with the state-of-the-art excercise machine.

   The machines for body building will not necessarily have the same effect on fitness.

  范文:

  In this argument the author concludes that the new community fitness center should be equipped with the state-of-the-art exercise machines featured in Muscle Monthly magazine. In support of this recommendation two reasons are offered: (1) Muscle Monthly contains pictures of bodybuilders using such machines, and (2) Muscle Monthly is a popular magazine, as evidenced by the fact that it frequently sells out at the local newsstand. This argument is questionable on two counts.

  First, a major implication of the argument is that the bodybuilders pictured using the machines in Muscle Monthly magazine reached their state of fitness as a result of using these machines. The only evidence offered to support this contention, however, is the pictures in the magazine. It is possible that the bodybuilders pictured use different equipment for their workouts and are merely posing with the machines for advertising purposes.

  Second, the author assumes that machines that are suitable for bodybuilding will also be suitable to help maximize the fitness levels of the town’s residents. This assumption is highly questionable. Machines designed to increase muscle development are significantly different from those designed to increase cardiovascular fitness. Consequently, it is unlikely that the machines pictured in the magazine will be of much use to help maximize the fitness levels of the town’s residents.

  In conclusion, this argument is unconvincing. To strengthen the argument the author would have to show that the bodybuilders pictured using the exercise machines actually used the machines to reach their level of muscle development. Additionally, the author would have to show that the machines were suitable for increasing the fitness levels of the persons using them.

  27.

  200人TRAVEL去PROTEST教育经费缩减,12000人在学校或是放假,所以教委的同志们就认为大多数人不关心这事,无需留心。

  原题: No. 10 The following appeared in the editorial section of a local newspaper:

  “This past winter, 200 students from Waymarsh State College traveled to the state capitol building to protest against proposed cuts in funding for various state college programs. The other 12,000 Waymarsh students evidently weren’t so concerned about their education: they either stayed on campus or left for winter break. Since the group who did not protest is far more numerous, it is more representative of the state’s college students than are the protesters. Therefore the state legislature need not heed the appeals of the protesting students.”

  去年冬天有200个州立大学的学生去州政府抗议政府消减这个大学的各种项目费用,但由于其他的12000名大学似乎这个问题不感兴趣,他们或者呆在校园,或者休假。由于200人相对于12000来说,不具有代表性,所以州政府可以不用理睬学生的抗议。

  思路:

   代表学生的形成方式不知道。如果是随机产生的,那么去反对的学生完全可以代表学生总体。

   没去的学生不一定不关心。他们可能有更重要的事情要忙。例如要赶回家过圣诞节。有已经订好的寒假计划等等。

   此外,没去的学生之所以没有去很可能是因为他们觉得那些代表足可以代表他们表达心声。

  范文:

  First, the author assumes that because only one-tenth of the students took part in the protest, these students’ views are unrepresentative of the entire student body. This assumption is unwarranted. If it turns out, for example, that the protesting students were randomly selected from the entire student body, their views would reflect the views of the entire college. Without information regarding the way in which the protesting students were selected, it is presumptuous to conclude that their opinions fail to reflect the opinions of their colleagues.

  Second, the author cites the fact that the remaining 12,000 students stayed on campus or left for winter break as evidence that they are not concerned about their education. One obvious rejoinder to this line of reasoning is that the students who did not participate did so with the knowledge that their concerns would be expressed by the protesting students. In any case, the author has failed to demonstrate a logical connection between the students’ alleged lack of concern and the fact that they either stayed on campus or left for winter break. Without this connection, the conclusion reached by the author that the remaining 12,000 students are not concerned about their education is unacceptable.

  28.

  一家玩具厂让老员工带新员工,降低成本。所以另一家公司也要模仿,降低成本。

  考古:

  V1. Afun toys company successfully use the module which that senior employees take on an aprrence,让新员工观察老员工然后从中学习. 这样的话可以减少很多cost for training program。有人建议他们的公司应该学习这个fun toys company.

  V2. The cost of training the new employee plays an important role in the overall expense of a company. 象the Fun Toys Company 发起一个Apprentice Training Progam. 他们给senior empoloyee发 salary bounus 如果他们自愿参加这个项目。在这个项目中new employee can learn business patterns from the senior employee这样来降低新员工的培训成本。 so no more expensive and cost programs are needed. 所以我们公司也应该象FUN Toys Company 一样用这中项目降低新员工培训的成本。”

  V3. A fun toys company sussefully use the module which that senior employees take on an aprrence,让新员工观察老员工然后从中学习. 这样的话可以减少很多expense time for training program。有人建议他们的公司应该学习这个fun toys company.

  V4. 一个公司要省新员工培训费,决定让老员工参加一个program,记录他们的habits and activities,让新员工follow,以省去高昂的cost

  V5. 培训员工很费钱,一个玩具商店取消了员工培训,让员工自己向老员工学习,但是有技能的员工有奖励,所以作者的公司也想这么干。

  V6. Fun Toy Company采取了一个职工培训计划program,让senior employees volunteer to take an new employees as their apprentice, 这样的话,new employees 就可以follow the pattern sets by the senior employees. 用这种方法, 可以减少培训成本,也不会time-consuming。因此,我们公司也应该仿效该公司,采取同样的方法来培训员工。

  思路:

   老员工的不一定适合新员工,时代在变化。

   没有考虑cost-effect analysis. 在这个项目实施过程中,给老员工发的salary bonus 可能大于省下的training cost。

   并且在学习过程中,新员工可能会学到老员工的一些坏习惯,比如错误操作等。

   在Apprentice Training Program中新员工只能学到专业技能,操作,但是对团队协作力,团队建设等没有很好的培训到。

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2012-02-06 16:07 编辑:cwf1986
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