所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1461 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]



  隔壁的real estate price rise, 所以要卖XX的estate 来gain finacial interest

  原题:The following appeared in a letter from a part-owner of a small retail clothing chain to her business partner:

  “Commercial real estate prices have been rising steadily in the Sandida Heights neighborhood for several years, while the prices in the adjacent neighborhood of Palm Grove have remained the same. It seems obvious, then, that a retail space in Sandida Heights must now be much more expensive than a similar space in Palm Grove, which was not the case several years ago. So, it appears that retail spaces in Sandida Heights are now overpriced relative to those in Palm Grove. Therefore, it would be in our financial interest to purchase a retail space in Palm Grove rather than in Sandida Heights.”


  S和P两个地方,有人说去P买retail space比较划算,因为S最近地产一直在涨,P的保持不变,所以S的房价肯定是overestimated的,买P划算。



  1. S低价涨可能只是广告炒作,真正买的时候可能会有折扣之类的

  2. S的价格涨可能是更好的投资,证明当地经济不错


  14. 3次

  原题:No. 91 The following is taken from an editorial in a local newspaper.

  “Over the past decade, the price per pound of citrus fruit has increased substantially. Eleven years ago, Megamart charged 5 cents apiece for lemons, but today it commonly charges over 30 cents apiece. In only one of these last eleven years was the weather unfavorable for growing citrus crops. Evidently, then, citrus growers have been responsible for the excessive increase in the price of citrus fruit, and strict pricing regulations are needed to prevent them from continuing to inflate prices.”




   小范围推大范围。

   忽略他因,是否只有一种因素导致价格上升——不适合生长。。。还有,比如环境保护,加工价格上升,人力成本上升,或者单纯的物价上涨。。。monetary inflation, increased distribution and labor costs, or alterations in supply and demand conditions

   柠檬缺乏代表性,或者说,柠檬有其特殊性,譬如柠檬都是进口的,比较贵;

   天气好不一定代表物价要低,因为种植柑橘的农民已经动用了可用的资源了,产量无法再多了;

   是否物价高就是农民肆意抬高的缘故,可能是dealers在其中的作用;

   政府是否要介入,虽然价格变贵了,但是targeted customers没有变化,对整个国民经济影响不大


  In this editorial the author argues for the imposition of strict pricing regulations in order to prevent citrus growers from continued inflation of prices of citrus fruit. The need for such regulation is supported by the author’s contention that citrus growers have been unnecessarily raising prices of citrus fruit in the past. The evidence for this allegation is the fact that the price of lemons at Megamart has increased from 15 cents per pound to over a dollar a pound during the preceding 11-year period. The author maintains that this increase is unjustifiable because weather conditions have been favorable to citrus production in all but one of those years. This argument is flawed for several reasons.

  First and foremost, the author assumes that the only factor that influences the price of citrus fruit is the weather. Other factors such as monetary inflation, increased distribution and labor costs, or alterations in supply and demand conditions are completely ignored as possible sources for the increase. The charge that citrus growers have unnecessarily raised prices can be sustained only if these and other possible factors can be completely ruled out as contributing to the price increases. Since the author fails to address these factors, the recommendation calling for strict pricing regulations can be dismissed out of hand as frivolous.

  Second, the author assumes that the only way to combat increased prices is through government intervention. In a free enterprise system many other means of affecting the pricing of goods are available. For example, boycotting a product and thereby influencing supply and demand conditions of the commodity is an effective means of influencing the price of the product. In a free market economy the call for price regulation by the government should occur only when all other means to rectify the problem have been exhausted.

  In conclusion, the author’s argument is unconvincing. To strengthen the argument it would be necessary to show that the only factor influencing the price increases is the growers’ desire for increased profits.


  某个国家公园的tourism减少,有人说是因为industry pollution导致了减少,最近在这些地方发现了mineral deposits,所以应该允许采矿公司进行开采,这样就可以增加地方税收,增加就业,使得之前在national park 工作的人有了工作,如果不这样做,地方经济就不能繁荣(记不全了差不多就这样)


  某地W,因为工业污染导致当地的national parks less attractive,所以旅游业税收减少。但是呢,在公园底下发现了矿藏,如果被允许开发呢,挖矿公司可以为政府贡献很多税+为那些曾经在旅游业工作的人创造很多工作机会。此外,即使不挖,公园的收入也要是持续减少的,所以挖矿是对该地经济发展的最好选择。




  V1 有一个咖啡店的CEO根据过去6个月他们从feedback网页上得来的信息,认为客户对店卖的东西和服务都很满意,不需要作什么改进了。这个feedback登录方式印在了receipt上,CEO认为顾客都能看到。顾客通过网页提交的投诉和建议数量分别是100多和几十,相较于卖掉的咖啡数很小。

  V2六个月了,the hot cup cafe has a website, containing a customer feedback page,然后customers可以submit comments. the website address is clearly printed on the each receipt, so it is not difficult for customer to access the feedback page. 然后呢,那六个月the hot cup cafe卖了300,000cups of coffees,但是customer feedback page最有179个complaints和87个suggestions(大概数字是这样的既不清楚了)。然后就说almost all the customers are satisfied with our current products and customer service department, so we don't have make any improvement。

  V4个咖啡店在他们的网站上加了一个customer feedback page,用来做调查,并且在他们的宣传单上明确的写明了他们的网址以便客户能找到这个feedback page,在这个咖啡店卖出了300,000份咖啡中调查,发现有500+人正评价,100+给了建议。因此他们认为根本不需要这些feedback以提高他们产品的质量(原文说的是to develop the procedure)


  A Cafe build a website to allow the feed back of its customer in the past six months. The address of the site is clearly sited on the **(忘了,单词大家能认识),The site only receive 178 complaint and 33 advise,but the number of total receipts is 33,000.Conclusion:the Cafe does not need to evaluate and improve the service.

  V6一个customer service department manager的report:

  从六个月前开始,有一个Cafe在每一个receipt上面都印了一个website address,是一个customer feedback page。所以每一个顾客都不难找到。到现在为止,该公司只收到一百多条complaints和不到一百条suggestions,而从有feedback page到现在该公司一共卖了三万杯coffee drink(总之是很大的一个数)。因此可以assume that顾客对这个公司的产品和服务fully satisfied,不需要改进提升之类。


  类似:The following appeared in an Avia Airlines departmental memorandum:

  “On average, 9 out of every 1,000 passengers who traveled on Avia Airlines last year filed a complaint about our baggage-handling procedures. This means that although some 1 percent of our passengers were unhappy with those procedures, the overwhelming majority were quite satisfied with them; thus it would appear that a review of the procedures is not important to our goal of maintaining or increasing the number of Avia’s passengers.”(39)

2012-02-05 16:59 编辑:cwf1986
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