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专四应试技巧(写作篇2:句子的连贯性)

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小编摘要:学学作文应试技巧,专四考试不用愁。

句子的连贯性:指句子连接贯通,衔接自然。句子不论长短都应环环紧扣,符合语法、逻辑。请注意以下要点:
  

1)平行结构:把两个获两个以上意思相近或相对的、地位相当的成分已同意与发行是泛指在一起。其中以下三条规则须加以注意。
  a)使用相同的语法来表达具有相同功能的句子成分,可运用并列连词and, but或or  等。
  × If you want to learn a foreign language well, you’d better try to think in it and  speak it as much as possible.
  √ If you want to learn a foreign language well, you’d better try to think in it and to speak it as much as possible.
  b)正确使用相关连词,如both…and, not … but, not only … but also等。
  × Wang Lan is not only clever but also she is helpful.
  √ Wang Lan is not only clever but also helpful.
  c)一个句子或段落中的人称、时态、语态要始终保持一致。
  × One reason I like to go to school on foot is the physical exercise I get from it.
  √ I like to go to school on foot I regard it as a kind of physical exercise.


2)代词一致:句中代词应在数、性、人称等方面保持一致,或者与它所照应的名词词组在这些方面保持一致。如:
  We each are responsible for our own jobs.
  We are each responsible for his own jobs.

3)代词与先行词一致:写作时应弄清楚代词究竟指代哪个名词,否则意思不明确,造成模棱两可的感觉。如:
  × The old woman told the little girl that she was wrong.
  √ The old woman told the little girl,”I am wrong.”
  √ The old woman told the little girl,”You are wrong.”

1
2012-01-21 21:43 编辑:wjy2005tom
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