在线词典,在线翻译

关注全球自杀者差异

所属:听力板块 来源:voa 阅读:2228 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:世界卫生组织称每年有大约1百万人自杀身亡,自杀是15到44岁年龄段人群三大主要死因之一。而10到24岁年龄段人群中,自杀是仅次于交通事故的第二大死因。

关注全球自杀者差异

This Friday is World Suicide Prevention Day. This year's observance is meant to bring attention to the differences among suicidal individuals and their situations around the world.

But the organizers also say that all over the world, people have something in common. They need to feel connected to others for good mental health.

The organizers include the International Association for Suicide Prevention and the World Health Organization.

The World Health Organization says that every year about one million people kill themselves. It says suicide is one of the top three causes of death among people between the ages of fifteen and forty-four.

Among people age ten to twenty-four, suicide is the second leading cause of death, after road accidents.

Lanny Berman is president of the International Association for Suicide Prevention. He points out that suicide rates differ from country to country, as do common ways that people kill themselves. As a result, he says, prevention efforts must fit with local needs.

LANNY BERMAN: "The focus is on the primary methods of suicide in developing countries which have been pesticides, pesticide poisoning and overdose. And there have been some significant efforts to develop prevention programs to reduce the use of pesticides, the availability and accessibility of pesticide."

Mr. Berman says findings from agricultural areas of Sri Lanka, India and China show promise. They show that programs are helping to limit access to these poisons.

LANNY BERMAN: "In China, particularly rural or farm women die by suicide by overdose of pesticide. And by creating lock boxes and making it more difficult to have easy accessibility to pesticides, we've been able to show that we can reduce the use of pesticides and thereby the rate of suicide."

There are often clear warning signs before a suicide attempt. Lanny Berman says individuals usually talk about the idea before they try it.

LANNY BERMAN: "When somebody communicates that they are thinking about suicide, threatening suicide, writing about it, in some way communicating that they have suicide on their brain, that indication should be taken seriously."

Another warning sign, he says, is a sudden increase in the use of drugs or alcohol. Warning signs also include expressions of hopelessness or a sense of feeling trapped.

Mr. Berman says the risk of suicide can be more difficult to identify in children. They generally communicate more with other children than with adults. But the other children often do not understand the messages.

As a result, he says, when children speak of suicide, other children rarely report it.

标签:voa special
1
2012-01-22 13:08 编辑:pliny
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [听力板块]美国最流行的小孩名字

    2010年美国出生的小孩有一个优先的机会被取名为“贝拉”或“爱德华”。这两个名字分别是10大最受欢迎的女孩和男孩名字中的一个。无独有偶,这恰恰是广受欢迎的描述吸血鬼的暮光系列的小说和电影
  • [听力板块]自然博物馆的一场生动科学展览

    户外、露天似乎是学习自然科学的天然场所。在南加州这种人们更喜欢户外的地方,它也极具意义。目前,洛杉矶县自然历史博物馆正为游客把展览从室内搬到户外。
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章