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英语国家概况精讲笔记第9讲:美国经济

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小编摘要:做题的同时要打好人文基础哦

The U.S. Economy美国经济

1)Factors that contribute to the fast growth of the economy:

①the geographical location of the United States povides very good conditions for the country to grow and become strong.

②the United States has been blessed by being a land rich in mineral resources and fertile farm soil, together with a moderate climate.

③America has been fortunate in having enough people to provide the labour necessary for a constantly expanding economy.

④the quality of available labour. The United States has a skilful and willing labour force.

经济快速增长的几个因素:

1.美国的地理位置为国家的发展壮大提供了良好的条件;

2.美国有幸是一块矿产资源丰富、土壤肥沃的陆地,气候温和;

3.拥有足够的劳动力以满足不断发展的经济增长;

4.这些劳动力的质量。美国拥有技术高和能动性好的劳动力大军。

2)Characteristics of the U.S. economy:

characterised by a high degree of monopoly.

经济特征:已高度垄断为特点。

3)the importance of foreign trade:

the United States supplies a larger share of the imports of all other countries than does any other country in the world. But the U.S. share of the world trade has declined in recent years.

①Currently US exports are about 15% of the world's total;

②the US imports about 13% of all world imports;

③Canada is the largest single source of goods imported by the U.S., accounting for nearly 30% of the total. Asia provides about 18% of American imports. Thus the economy of these countries is often affected when the U.S. economy is in trouble.

美国进口的商品比世界任何国家都多。但最近几年比例有所下降。1.美国出口量占全世界出口总数的15%;2.美国的进口占13%左右;3.加拿大是最大的供应国,占总数的近30%。亚洲占18%左右。因此,一旦美国经济陷入困境,这些国家也会受到影响。

4)problems facing the US economy:

unemployment, inflation, financial deficit, and trade deficit.

经济存在的问题:失业,通货膨胀,财政赤字和贸易赤字。

 

1
2012-01-20 10:39 编辑:Day_Day_Up1990
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