6)Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal
①Roosevelt became the U.S. president in 1932. He had a sure sense of what seemed practical or possible. He was a great communicator, able to talk to people in all walks of life. His “fireside chats”over the radio were listened to by millions of people.
②the New Deal: Measure of the New Deal include establishment and strengthening of government regulation and control of banking; Federal government management of relief and security system（社会救济保障体系）; recovery of industry and agriculture; passage of federal labour laws; improvement of the situation of minorities and members of certain religious groups.These measures,was to “save American democracy”.and help overcome the most serious economic crisis of the capitalist system up to that time.
7）America in W W II
①The Second World War was the result of struggle between the great powers for control of the world and military expansion of the countries of Nazi Germany,Fascist Italy and militarist Japan.Isolationism before WW II and neutrality at first
②the Pearl Harbour Incident in December,1941 1941.12月的珍珠港事件
③American wartime objectives and guiding principles for wartime diplomacy美国的战时目标和战时外交的指导原则。
The objectives were the total destruction of the Axis powers and the establishment of a would order after unconditional victory in accord with American ideals and interest; Two guiding principles: the first was to win the war, the second was to establish a postwar political structure in accord with American interest and to prevent the Soviet Union from over-expansion.战
④Anglo-American Strategy and differences in Europe. 英美在欧洲的战略和分歧
A Stratergy of Europe : to defeat Germany first; The second issue was poliy towards the Soviet Union.欧洲战略：先击败德国，2是对苏联的政策。
The differences: The United States was eager to take away from France and Britain their former colonies and let them become independent states. Britain did not like the America’s policy美国渴望英、法的殖民地摆脱英、法而成为独立国家。英不同意。
⑤American policy towards the Soviet Union美国对的对苏政策：1）to keep the Soviet Union in the war;2）to get the Soviet Union into the war against Japan; 3）to influence Soviet policy and to be very watchful about Soviet expansive intention.1）让苏联继续参战，2）使苏联卷入对日抗战；3）给苏联外交政策一定的影响，同时十分警惕苏联的扩张意图。
⑥Potsdam Conference(1945)波茨坦会议：showed that there were great differences among America, Britain and the Soviet Union.