The following appeared in a memorandum fromthe head of a human resources department at a major automobile manufacturing companyto the company 's managers
“Studies have foundthat employees of not-for-profit organizations and charities are often morehighly motivated than employees of for-profit corporations to perform well atwork when their performance is not being monitored or evaluated. Interviewswith employees of not-for-profit organizations suggest that the reason fortheir greater motivation is the belief that their work helps to improvesociety. Because they believe in the importance of their work, they havepersonal reasons to perform well, even when no financial reward is present.Thus, if our corporation began donating a significant portion of its profits tohumanitarian causes, our employees’ motivation and productivity would increasesubstantially and our overall profits would increase as well.”
22.3次. real estate price in Sandida has been increasing steadly for several years whereas in Plam tree, it is stable, thus the author conclude it is best to purchase real estate in Sandida rather than in Plam tree.
V2 作者认为A地比B地的房价高---A地retail space的价格比B地高——为了financial benefit 应在B地买retail space
The following appeared in a letter from a part-owner of a small retail clothing chain to her business partner:
“Commercial real estate prices have been rising steadily in the Sandida Heights neighborhood for several years, while the prices in the adjacent neighborhood of Palm Grove have remained the same. It seems obvious, then, that a retail space in Sandida Heights must now be much more expensive than a similar space in Palm Grove, which was not the case several years ago. So, it appears that retail spaces in Sandida Heights are now overpriced relative to those in Palm Grove. Therefore, it would be in our financial interest to purchase a retail space in Palm Grove rather than in Sandida Heights.”
题库原题：43. The following appeared in an article in the health section of a newspaper.
“There is a common misconception that university hospitals are better than community or private hospitals. This notion is unfounded, however: the university hospitals in our region employ 15 percent fewer doctors, have a 20 percent lower success rate in treating patients, make far less overall profit, and pay their medical staff considerably less than do private hospitals. Furthermore, many doctors at university hospitals typically divide their time among teaching, conducting research, and treating patients. From this it seems clear that the quality of care at university hospitals is lower than that at other kinds of hospitals.”
In this argument the author concludes that university hospitals provide no better care than private or community hospitals. The author bases this conclusion on the following claims about university hospitals: the ones in this region employ 15 percent fewer doctors; they have a 20 percent lower success rate in treating patients; they pay their staffs less money; they make less profit than community hospitals; and they utilize doctors who divide their time between teaching, research and treating patients. This argument is unconvincing for several reasons.
The most egregious reasoning error in the argument is the author’s use of evidence pertaining to university hospitals in this region as the basis for a generalization about all university hospitals. The underlying assumption operative in this inference is that university hospitals in this region are representative of all university hospitals. No evidence is offered to support this gratuitous assumption.
Secondly, the only relevant reason offered in support of the claim that the quality of care is lower in university hospitals than it is at other hospitals is the fact that university hospitals have a lower success rate in treating patients. But this reason is not sufficient to reach the conclusion in question unless it can be shown that the patients treated in both types of hospitals suffered from similar types of maladies. For example, if university hospitals routinely treat patients suffering from rare diseases whereas other hospitals treat only those who suffer from known diseases and illnesses, the difference in success rates would not be indicative of the quality of care received.
Finally, the author assumes that the number of doctors a hospital employs, its success rate in treating patients, the amount it pays its staff, and the profits it earns are all reliable indicators of the quality of care it delivers. No evidence is offered to support this assumption nor is it obvious that any of these factors is linked to the quality of care delivered to patients. Moreover, the fact that doctors in university hospitals divide their time among many tasks fails to demonstrate that they do a poorer job of treating patients than doctors at other kinds of hospitals. In fact, it is highly likely that they do a better job because they are more knowledgeable than other doctors due to their teaching and research.
In conclusion, the author’s argument is unconvincing. To strengthen the argument the author would have to demonstrate that university hospitals in this region are representative of all university hospitals, as well as establishing a causal link between the various factors cited and the quality of care delivered to patients.
V1 建议居民投资房产。因为过去5年房子的均价涨了一倍，而股票均价则是不断跌。因此，居民投资房产会比投资股票挣得多。此外，投资房产还能一边享受，一边挣钱(房价在涨)，而投资股票则不会contribute to quality of live.因此，居民都应该投资买房。
V2. 某代理建议市民趁着过去5年national stock market下跌楼价上升去投资房子,因为未来5年还会继续升.而且市民可以居住和享受自己投资的房子.
Now is the perfect time to buy a house in our city. Over the past fiveyears, average home prices in our region have nearly doubled. But average stockprices in the national stock market have actually declined over the sameperiod. So homeowners have seen an increase in value for their housinginvestment during the last five years that far exceeds what they could havemade by investing in the stock market. Our city’s residents can surely achievea similar profit over the next five years. Furthermore, if residents invest ina home, they can enjoy the use of the home while its value increase, whereasmoney invested in stocks would not contribute to their quality of life in thesame way that owning a home would. Therefore, all the residents of our cityshould invest their money in a home
V1某家公司sales增加，但是profit没有增加，于是想办法。一个办法是reduce costs,具体是在不影响顾客满意度的前提下，lay off 10 employees at each store and eliminate free samples什么的。第二个办法是与一个cafe合作，在store里开这个cafe，因为有survey显示喝咖啡的人与倾向于在store shopping的人是similar的
V2一家G grocer主要卖expensive luxuries，销售增长很快，但利润下降了。公司打算每个店裁掉lay off一部分人，eliminate displays and samples。同时，公司打算让一家Cabaret的coffee shop在商场内开店，因为公司发现咖啡店的顾客与商场的顾客相似。
V3.有一个grocer store，顾客都是富人，在不减少顾客购物体验的条件下，store plans to reduce costs by laying off 10 employees at each stores and eliminating expensive products display and free samples。又提到要和一个coffee cafe合作，因为coffee cafe的顾客群和grocer store的是同一类人，因此合作很有可能会增加去store的顾客，从而增加sales。因此这个plan最终会增加sales和profits.
V4. 一个商店，叫Greenlines Grocers还是神马，最近销售不好利润下降。该店主要销售高级食品之类的东东。人家就说了，采取措施reduce cost: 1. 解雇10个人 2取消free samples and expensive displays.然后又出了个点子，说根据某调查，商店的顾客和某咖啡店的顾客是同一类人，还决定加盟该咖啡店，开个Coffee Cafe.
26. 3次Fun Toy Company采取了一个职工培训计划program，让senior employees volunteer to take an new employees as their apprentice, 这样的话，new employees 就可以follow the pattern sets by the senior employees. 用这种方法， 可以减少培训成本，也不会time-consuming。因此，我们公司也应该仿效该公司，采取同样的方法来培训员工。
考古V1.Afun toys company successfully use the module which that senior employees take on an aprrence,让新员工观察老员工然后从中学习. 这样的话可以减少很多cost for training program。有人建议他们的公司应该学习这个fun toys company.
V2.The cost of training the new employee plays an important role in the overall expense of a company. 象the Fun Toys Company 发起一个Apprentice Training Progam. 他们给senior empoloyee发 salary bounus 如果他们自愿参加这个项目。在这个项目中new employee can learn business patterns from the senior employee这样来降低新员工的培训成本。 so no more expensive and cost programs are needed. 所以我们公司也应该象FUN Toys Company 一样用这中项目降低新员工培训的成本。”
V3. A fun toys company sussefully use the module which that senior employees take on an aprrence,让新员工观察老员工然后从中学习. 这样的话可以减少很多expense time for training program。有人建议他们的公司应该学习这个fun toys company.
V4.一个公司要省新员工培训费，决定让老员工参加一个program，记录他们的habits and activities,让新员工follow，以省去高昂的cost
2.没有考虑cost-effect analysis. 在这个项目实施过程中，给老员工发的salary bonus 可能大于省下的training cost。
4.在Apprentice Training Program中新员工只能学到专业技能，操作，但是对团队协作力，团队建设等没有很好的培训到。
Massachusetts Institute of Technology GRE: 1353 GMAT:720 Stanford University (CA) GRE: 1354 GMAT:720 University of California–Berkeley GRE: 1353 GMAT:707 Georgia In
GMAT考试是美国管理专业招收研究生委员会主办和负责指导的考试, 其英文全称是Graduate Management Admission Test。GMAT考试的科目包括会计学、经济学、管理学、普通管理、生产管理、行政管理、