5 The total sales have increased by 20 percent since XXX added a pharmacy section to the grocery store. 这是因为提供了one-stop shopping. 所以建议在接下来的几十年多建一些别的铺，有clothes department、restaurant、还有什么shop. 7次
原题：The following is part of a business plan created by the management of the Megamart grocery store:
“Our total sales have increased this year by 20 percent since we added a pharmacy section to our grocery store. Clearly, the customer’s main concern is the convenience afforded by one-stop shopping. The surest way to increase our profits over the next couple of years, therefore, is to add a clothing department along with an automotive supplies and repair shop. We should also plan to continue adding new departments and services, such as a restaurant and a garden shop, in subsequent years. Being the only store in the area that offers such a range of services will give us a competitive advantage over other local stores.”
是一个百货 做调查 加了一个 phmancy销量提升20% 所以得出结论 顾客更看重购物的方便性，所以应该 。。。 然后应该 增加new department 以增加 competitive advantage
[v2] 一个grocery shop去年增加了pharmacy section就导致了sales increase20%，所以一个人就说customers like one-stop shopping。 因此，要增加profit就要增加repair 还有一个什么部门(不记得了)，还有什么什么两个部门。。。
[v3] The total sales increased 20% after adding a pharmacy totheir grocery store. Because the customers like convenience of one-stopshopping, the manager thinks they should put clothing department to a hairsalon or restaurant…..
The following appeared in an editorial from a newspaper serving the town of Saluda:
“The Saluda Consolidated High School offers over 200 different courses from which its students can choose. A much smaller private school down the street offers a basic curriculum of only 80 different courses, but it consistently sends a higher proportion of its graduating seniors on to college than Consolidated does. By eliminating at least half of the courses offered there and focusing on a basic curriculum, we could improve student performance at Consolidated and also save many tax dollars
Argument: Take Heart建了个新游泳池然后usage增加12%，建议继续增加facilities成为only center
原题：The following appeared as part of a business plan created by the management of the Take Heart Fitness Center:
“After opening the new swimming pool early last summer, Take Heart saw a 12 percent increase in the use of the center by its members. Therefore, in order to increase membership in Take Heart, we should continue to add new recreational facilities in subsequent years: for example, a multipurpose game room, a tennis court, and a miniature golf course. Being the only center in the area offering this range of activities would give us a competitive advantage in the health and recreation market.”(102)
1. causal oversimplification
2. a benefit-cost analysis should be given
3. Whether the proposed recreational facilities are popular among the people of this area is unknown.
对于WEST CAMBRIA的VOLUNTEER AMBULANCE RESPONSE TIME要比EAST CAMBRIA的高很多 所以当地为了能够提供更好的服务和获得更加多的收益 决定要DISBAND自己本身的VOLUNTEER SERVICE转而去HIRE COMMERCIAL AMBULANCE SERVICE.
原题：“A recent review of the West Cambria volunteer ambulance service revealed a longer average response time to accidents than was reported by a commercial ambulance squad located in East Cambria. In order to provide better patient care for accident victims and to raise revenue for our town by collecting service fees for ambulance use, we should disband our volunteer service and hire a commercial ambulance service.”
in一个企业的processing，通过长时间的技术提高之类，cost 会减少。然后举了个例子，说 the film color 在xx年的价格是50每五天，之后的价格是20每天。然后说The Olympic Food 迎来了它的二十五周年庆，我们有希望获得一个很大的利润。
原题：The following appeared as part of an annual report sent to stockholders by Olympic Foods, a processor of frozen foods.
“Over time, the costs of processing go down because as organizations learn how to do things better, they become more efficient. In color film processing, for example, the cost of a 3-by-5-inch print fell from 50 cents for five-day service in 1970 to 20 cents for one-day service in 1984. The same principle applies to the processing of food. And since Olympic Foods will soon celebrate its twenty-fifth birthday, we can expect that our long experience will enable us to minimize costs and thus maximize profits.”(1)
1. false analogy: The food industry is not analogous to the color film industry.
2. causal oversimplification: Other factors that may contribute t to the cost decline of the printing cost should be considered and ruled out.
3. gratuitous assumption: The conclusion of the argument is based on a gratuitous assumption that the company can minimize cost and maximize profit because the company has been conducted for 25 years.
1. 错误类比：color film processing和processing of food不相同。problems of spoilage, contamination, and timely transportation都只影响food 不影响film.
2. 同时，忽略他因。是否是因为组织更有效率才使COST下降的?很可能是material necessary for the process下降了价钱。所以，两者更不同。
3. gratuitous assumption：二十五年不代表学到了很多。很可能什么都没学到，或者技术已经out of date.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology GRE: 1353 GMAT:720 Stanford University (CA) GRE: 1354 GMAT:720 University of California–Berkeley GRE: 1353 GMAT:707 Georgia In
GMAT考试是美国管理专业招收研究生委员会主办和负责指导的考试, 其英文全称是Graduate Management Admission Test。GMAT考试的科目包括会计学、经济学、管理学、普通管理、生产管理、行政管理、