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2011年9-10月gmat作文机经AA(至10.9)(二)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1736 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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  5 The total sales have increased by 20 percent since XXX added a pharmacy section to the grocery store. 这是因为提供了one-stop shopping. 所以建议在接下来的几十年多建一些别的铺,有clothes department、restaurant、还有什么shop. 7次

  原题:The following is part of a business plan created by the management of the Megamart grocery store:

  “Our total sales have increased this year by 20 percent since we added a pharmacy section to our grocery store. Clearly, the customer’s main concern is the convenience afforded by one-stop shopping. The surest way to increase our profits over the next couple of years, therefore, is to add a clothing department along with an automotive supplies and repair shop. We should also plan to continue adding new departments and services, such as a restaurant and a garden shop, in subsequent years. Being the only store in the area that offers such a range of services will give us a competitive advantage over other local stores.”

  考古:

  是一个百货 做调查 加了一个 phmancy销量提升20% 所以得出结论 顾客更看重购物的方便性,所以应该 。。。 然后应该 增加new department 以增加 competitive advantage

  [v2] 一个grocery shop去年增加了pharmacy section就导致了sales increase20%,所以一个人就说customers like one-stop shopping。 因此,要增加profit就要增加repair 还有一个什么部门(不记得了),还有什么什么两个部门。。。

  [v3] The total sales increased 20% after adding a pharmacy totheir grocery store. Because the customers like convenience of one-stopshopping, the manager thinks they should put clothing department to a hairsalon or restaurant…..

  提供观点:

  1、时间关系不能推出因果关系。仅因药品专柜开在销售额增加前,就认为总体销售额增加时其结果,是错误的

  2、错误类比。即使销售额增加是由药品专柜开设引起,也不代表开设其他专柜能增加销售额(顾客不一定更关注一条龙购物的便利)


  6. 6次

  说C highschool有200多门课可以给学生选,然后当地一个私立小学校只有80多门课可以选,但是小学校的毕业生进入大学的比例更高,然后我们应该减少一半课程,从而改善学生在学校的表现和减免税收

  The following appeared in an editorial from a newspaper serving the town of Saluda:

  “The Saluda Consolidated High School offers over 200 different courses from which its students can choose. A much smaller private school down the street offers a basic curriculum of only 80 different courses, but it consistently sends a higher proportion of its graduating seniors on to college than Consolidated does. By eliminating at least half of the courses offered there and focusing on a basic curriculum, we could improve student performance at Consolidated and also save many tax dollars


  7. 6次

  Argument: Take Heart建了个新游泳池然后usage增加12%,建议继续增加facilities成为only center

  原题:The following appeared as part of a business plan created by the management of the Take Heart Fitness Center:

  “After opening the new swimming pool early last summer, Take Heart saw a 12 percent increase in the use of the center by its members. Therefore, in order to increase membership in Take Heart, we should continue to add new recreational facilities in subsequent years: for example, a multipurpose game room, a tennis court, and a miniature golf course. Being the only center in the area offering this range of activities would give us a competitive advantage in the health and recreation market.”(102)

  提供观点:

  1. 忽略他因。

  2. 错误类比。

  3. 收入和支出

  1. causal oversimplification

  2. a benefit-cost analysis should be given

  3. Whether the proposed recreational facilities are popular among the people of this area is unknown.

  8.6次

  对于WEST CAMBRIA的VOLUNTEER AMBULANCE RESPONSE TIME要比EAST CAMBRIA的高很多 所以当地为了能够提供更好的服务和获得更加多的收益 决定要DISBAND自己本身的VOLUNTEER SERVICE转而去HIRE COMMERCIAL AMBULANCE SERVICE.

  原题:“A recent review of the West Cambria volunteer ambulance service revealed a longer average response time to accidents than was reported by a commercial ambulance squad located in East Cambria. In order to provide better patient care for accident victims and to raise revenue for our town by collecting service fees for ambulance use, we should disband our volunteer service and hire a commercial ambulance service.”

  提供观点:

  1. 对事故的反映时间诚然是评价服务质量的一个因素但并不是唯一的因素.所以仅仅因为东区的商业救护班的反映时间短就认定商业救护办的服务更好是gratuitous的.

  2. 就算东区的商业班的服务质量更好也并不意味着,西区用商业班就会有一样的成效.因为东西区的情况是不同的.很可能西区的志愿者更有服务,献身意识.


  9. 6次

  in一个企业的processing,通过长时间的技术提高之类,cost 会减少。然后举了个例子,说 the film color 在xx年的价格是50每五天,之后的价格是20每天。然后说The Olympic Food 迎来了它的二十五周年庆,我们有希望获得一个很大的利润。

  原题:The following appeared as part of an annual report sent to stockholders by Olympic Foods, a processor of frozen foods.

  “Over time, the costs of processing go down because as organizations learn how to do things better, they become more efficient. In color film processing, for example, the cost of a 3-by-5-inch print fell from 50 cents for five-day service in 1970 to 20 cents for one-day service in 1984. The same principle applies to the processing of food. And since Olympic Foods will soon celebrate its twenty-fifth birthday, we can expect that our long experience will enable us to minimize costs and thus maximize profits.”(1)

  提供观点:

  1. false analogy: The food industry is not analogous to the color film industry.

  2. causal oversimplification: Other factors that may contribute t to the cost decline of the printing cost should be considered and ruled out.

  3. gratuitous assumption: The conclusion of the argument is based on a gratuitous assumption that the company can minimize cost and maximize profit because the company has been conducted for 25 years.

  1. 错误类比:color film processing和processing of food不相同。problems of spoilage, contamination, and timely transportation都只影响food 不影响film.

  2. 同时,忽略他因。是否是因为组织更有效率才使COST下降的?很可能是material necessary for the process下降了价钱。所以,两者更不同。

  3. gratuitous assumption:二十五年不代表学到了很多。很可能什么都没学到,或者技术已经out of date.

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2012-01-17 12:23 编辑:cwf1986
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