1) The "discovery" of the New World 发现新大陆
①The "first Americans" were the Indians 最早的美国人是印第安人
②In the late 15th century, Christopher Columbus, an Italian navigator, supported by the Spanish queen, he led his men to sail across the vast ocean in 1492 and reached some small islands in the now west Indies. He thought he had reached Asia and didn't know he had discovered a New Continent.
③Ameriga Vespucci proved that the land was a new continent. Therefore, the land was named America after him.
2)Causes of the colonization of the New World 殖民时期
Opportunity was a magic word.
①The new Would drew English nobles (who dreamed of getting more land and establishing great new estates.).
②Drew other people who could not find jobs in England.
③Most of all , it drew the poor and the homeless from the farmlands and villages of Europe.
④Many settlers came to the English colonies in search of religious freedom because they had been persecuted in England.
3)The first English colony in the Americas was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. Between1607 and 1733 the British established 13 colonies along the east coast of North America. They were Virginia, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Rhode Island, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Georlina.
In 1620,201 of Pilgrims sailed to the New World in a ship called Mayflower. They arrived at Plymouth and built the Plymouth colony. The Puritans（清教徒）,unlike the Pilgrims(清教徒前辈)who were artisans and peasants, were wealthy, well-educated gentlemen. The Puritans did not allow religious dissent. The colonists were building a new way of life in the New World. There were a number of features which would play a role in forming the American character. They were representative from of government, rule of law, respect of individual rights, religious tolerance and a strong of individual enterprise.1620年，