The Shaping of the Nation (1066-1381)
I. Norman Rule (1066-1381)
1. William's Rule （1066-1087）
England's feudalism under the rule of William the Conqueror
①Under William, the feudal system in England was completely established.
②According to this system, the King owned all the land personally.
③William gave his barons large estates in England in return for a promise of military service and a proportion of the land's produce.
④These estates were scattered far and wide over the country, so that those who held them could not easily combine to rebel the king.
⑤The barons, who had become William's tenants-in-chief, parceled out land to the lesser nobles, knights and freemen, also in return for goods and services.
⑥At the bottom of the feudal scale were the villeins or serfs.
⑦One peculiar feature of the feudal system of England was that all landowners must take the oath of allegiance，not only to their immediate lord, but also to the king.