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英语国家概况精讲笔记第3讲:英国的形成

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小编摘要:多做题的前提下还要打好坚实的基础哦

Chapter 3

The Shaping of the Nation (1066-1381)

英国的形成(公元1066-1381)

I. Norman Rule (1066-1381)

诺曼统治(公元1066-1381)

1. William's Rule (1066-1087)

威廉一世的统治(公元1066-1087)

England's feudalism under the rule of William the Conqueror

在威廉统治下的英国封建制度

①Under William, the feudal system in England was completely established.

②According to this system, the King owned all the land personally.

③William gave his barons large estates in England in return for a promise of military service and a proportion of the land's produce.

④These estates were scattered far and wide over the country, so that those who held them could not easily combine to rebel the king.

⑤The barons, who had become William's tenants-in-chief, parceled out land to the lesser nobles, knights and freemen, also in return for goods and services.

⑥At the bottom of the feudal scale were the villeins or serfs.

⑦One peculiar feature of the feudal system of England was that all landowners must take the oath of allegiance,not only to their immediate lord, but also to the king.

①在威廉统治下,英国的封建制度得到完全确立。

②根据此制度,国王拥有全国所有土地。

③威廉把英国的大片土地分给贵族,条件是换取对方服役和物品。

④这些地产分散于各处,相距遥远,这样土地拥有者就不易联合起来反叛国王。

⑤已成为国王总佃户的贵族又把土地分配给小贵族、骑士和自由民,同样换取货物和服役。

⑥处于封建等级最底层的是农奴。

⑦英国封建制独有的特色就是,无论是土地承租人还是二佃户,都必须要宣誓效忠于直接地主,而且要效忠于国王。

 

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2012-01-11 10:10 编辑:Day_Day_Up1990
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