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2012年考研英语考前重点话题预测及写作指导

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万学海文英语教研室

话题类别

具体题目

关键词

爱心&社会公德

被囚禁的爱心(反面)

An Imprisoned Heart of Warmth; offering prompt help to those who are in trouble,
in distress or in difficulty; 原因之一:When one goes to help someone in a plight, he might be later suspected of causing the trouble in the first place.

爱的力量

the power of love

助人为乐,服务帮助他人(正向)
生活中的礼貌

mutual help, take pleasure in helping others

“学雷锋”还是“跳雷坑”(反向)

learn from Lei Feng or not?
offer one’s seat to the weak, old,

让座

 pregnant, etc.;

美丽的真正含义(反面)

inner beauty; mere physical beauty

对地上的纸屑视而不见

moral/morality, throwing litter about, ignoring others’ convenience

诚实、诚信
食品安全

Honesty of enterprises, fierce competition, follow the spirit of honesty, essential to a enterprise’s survival and prosperity, build up honesty-oriented society, produce inferior and fake goods,

假冒伪劣商品

fake commodities

醉酒驾车的后果

the consequence of drunk driving

在其位,司其职

fulfill/do one’s duty

创新

创新的力量(正面)

the role of innovation; innovation is the power of social progress; creativity;

如此“创新”(反面):只是复制,不是真的创新

innovation; a clone of the original one

环境,生活&发展

家庭消费的趋势:上网通讯、教育增加;衣食、住房减少。

the tendency of family expenses; changing expenditure proportions; online communication; education; clothes & food; housing

倡导“绿色生活”

green living; pollution-free vegetables, ecological clothing, return to nature; a life of simplicity; environmentally friendly

  1. 最昂贵的事莫过于浪费
  2. 资源节约

thrift/economy, save/economize, waste, water resources

生态环境:学会放弃,珍惜拥有

The art of life consists in the art of learning to give up. to appreciate the true value of what we
possess

家乡“变化”:经济发展了,环境变差了。

sustainable/harmonious development

个人奋斗&品质

面对困境时的态度

confronted with frustration and hardships

同甘共苦(强烈反差)

Share both achievements and failures, share with sb both prosperity and adversity

勤奋:强者与弱者之分是汗水之分

diligence

要登上成功的阶梯首先必须走完从说到做的距离

Actions speak loudly than words.

成功者往往不是聪明透顶而是持之以恒

perseverance; persistence

成功者创造机遇而失败者等待机遇

take the initiative in creating opportunities

成功是必然还是偶然?

Some maintain that success originates from his diligence and perseverance, whereas others argue that his success is nothing more than a stroke of good luck.

欲速则不达

preparation

既要计划也要行动

planning; acting

欲望无止境

desire, unrealistic goals,

公平

“公正决定”应与大众的决定和被裁定者的实际吻合:不能感情用事

fair decision

幸福

幸福感;幸福指数

the perception of happiness

幸福感

Sense of happiness, high salary, misunderstand happiness, lead a luxury life, equate happiness with wealth

媒介&科技

科技对生活的影响:人们依赖科技创新,面对面交流减少

Science and technology have brought with them many changes in our way of our living. to be increasingly reliant upon technological inventions such as cars, cellphones or computers

电脑时代,提笔忘字
速度和效益问题

computer age, hand writing, Chinese character, tradition

网络围观

cyber space; microblog; communication

青少年自立

青少年自立问题: 大学生缺乏独立性,给父母造成负担。如“啃老”一族

NEET group, referring to people who are
not currently engaged in any form of education, employment and training; the young couple supported by their exhausted parents is sitting idly to reap where they have not sown.

青少年自立问题:拼爹时代

family background, hunt for a job, self-struggling for future

选择

影响人们做选择的主要因素:机会、生活成本等。

several factors count for a person’s choosing where he resides; opportunities and cost of living income, living conditions, social connections and competition

大学毕业时倾向于选择什么样的工作?

What Jobs Do College Graduates Want To Do?

①努力方向与成功
②Which road to take? Where to go?
③人生面临的困难不是逆境而是抉择

  1. The relation between the direction for efforts/endeavor and success
  2. Making choice, making decision, realize success step by step, industrious, undergo challenge and hardship
  3. Adversity VS. choice

成功路上的选择很重要

dilemma at the crossroads; the road to success

“宝贝”放错了地方就是“垃圾”:大学生要找到合适的工作

to find the right job

价值观

不要忽略身边平凡的“小”

common; ordinary; great

价值感,平凡与伟大

Self-commitment, dedicate to society, spirit of devotion

认识事物

对保健食品的反思

a positive attitude towards nourishment

Every coin has two sides.

Take a detached attitude toward a thing.

教育与人的发展

建设绿色校园:绿色环境+健康人际关系

 

如此“启蒙”:家长不恰当的启蒙教育方式,如送孩子参加各种艺术班。
如何看待诺贝尔奖

Proper family education for children

身体与心理健康

physical and psychological health

小作文类型

小作文话题

关键词

投诉信

购买的产品质量有问题

complain; complaint; can not work properly

①大学住宿条件
②公交服务差

  1. Dissatisfaction, roommate’s inconsiderate behavior, apply for a single room
  2. Regular bus rider, unpunctual, uncomfortable, too crowded,

建议信

办公室禁烟问题

suggest; suggestion; No Smoking; anti-smoking; health; safety

选择专业

history or computer science, be interested in, offer better job prospects

申请信

申请信:申请做海外志愿汉语教师

apply for; application; volunteer; overseas

申请信:申请参加环境健康研讨会

apply for; application; hold/ attend a seminar on environmental health

求职信

求职信:大学毕业后找工作

apply for a job; application; doing some job hunting

推荐信

① 作为教授为自己的学生写推荐信
② 作为老板为自己的下属写

recommend; recommendation

介绍信:介绍某人去朋友处工作或学习

introduce

感谢信

重灾区人民感谢捐款

thank; appreciation; grateful; victims who suffered from devastating Wenchuan Earthquake; donation; support; generous; generosity; rebuild; renew

thank for helps in an accident

 

招聘信

招聘信:爱心协会招聘志愿者

recruit; volunteer; Love Association

演讲

呼吁公司员工参与“绿色交通”运动

car-free campaign; “green commuters” campaign.

倡议信

在微博上写信倡议人们献爱心

microblog; making an appeal for help for a patient suffering from a serious illness; soliciting contributions

请求信

请求信:请求客户更新信息

ask sb. to do sth.; update the data file

道歉信

道歉信:不接受公司提供的职位

apologize

咨询信

咨询信:①to study in a foreign university
②to visit an exhibition

  1. Ask about accommodation and fees, possible scholarships, qualifications for admission, etc.
  2. Ask for information about the contents of the exhibition, the dates of opening and closing and if any discounts available.

通知

通知:a Music Festival

Enrich campus life, all kinds of music, pop songs, classical and folk music, play musical instruments, famous bands

祝贺信

 

congratulate; congratulation

慰问信

 

regret

邀请信

 

invite; invitation

摘要

 

The paper centers/focuses on …

相关链接2012考研政治--考研英语试题和答案汇总

0
2012-01-07 12:18 编辑:甯老师
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