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雅思必会单词(D)

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小编摘要:单词对于英语考试来说如同砖块对于房屋,基本单词的认识是不可或缺的。下面来让我们看一看这部分单词吧。

D
DAMAGE: 破坏
(verb) Destroy or break. Example: 'The tornado damaged a large number of houses'.
DATA: 数据
(noun) Statistics, figures, information. For example: 'The most accurate data available on a country’s population is probably found in Census information collected every four years in a Government survey.'
DEADLINE: 最后期限
(noun) The time by which something must be done or completed. Example: 'The deadline for finishing the report is next Tuesday'.
DEATH PENALTY: 死刑
When the punishment for a crime means you will be killed, this is the death penalty. See also: CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
DEBATE: 辩论
(noun) Discussion, argument. For example: 'Controversial subjects such as capital punishment often attract heated debate.'
DEBT: 债务
(noun) Something owed; needs to be repaid. Example: 'Many students amass a large debt while studying.'
DECADE: 十年
(noun) Ten year period. For example: 'Almost certainly violent crime has increased dramatically over the last decade.'
DECLINE: 下降
(noun) A weakening, a fall off, a drop off. For example: 'Fortunately, there has been a decline in the number of cigarette smokers over recent years.'
DEDUCE: 推论
(verb) Figure out, reason, work out. For example: 'It can be deduced from the information given that the problem is likely to continue.'
DEDUCTION: 推论
(noun) A conclusion drawn from evidence. Example: 'The deduction made was clearly logical.'
DEFINE: 给。。。下定义
(verb) Identify, describe. For example: 'The main responsibilities of a job are defined in the job description.'
DEFINITE: 明确的,确切的
(adjective) Certain, sure. For example: 'Scientists know that there are definite links between cigarette smoking and lung cancer, though the causes of many other cancers as still unknown.'
DEMONSTRATE: 论证,说明
(verb) To show. Example: 'It is important to demonstrate a range of accurate grammar in your IELTS essay'.
DENOTE: 意思是
(verb) Indicate, stand for, identify. For example: 'Many road accidents are caused because drivers do not understand the Highway Code and ignore road signs which denote the need for caution.'
DENY: 否认
(verb) Disallow, refuse. For example: 'The students were denied the right to longer holidays despite their protests.'
DEPRESS: 使。。沮丧
(verb) Weaken, cause to drop. For example: 'The Government should take action in reducing inflation as many people are worried that it will depress the economy even further.'
DERIVE: 取得,追溯。。起源
(verb) Arrive at (from reasoning). For example: 'This conclusion can logically be derived from the information given.'
DESCRIPTION: 描写,形容
(noun) A statement that describes something. Example: 'For Task I writing, you may have to give a description of a diagram'.
DESIGN: 设计
(verb) Invent, create. For example: 'The Head of the Marketing Department has designed a new marketing strategy which will hopefully bring more business to the company.'
DESPITE: 尽管
(preposition) In spite of, even with. For example: 'Despite the Government’s efforts to increase safety of citizens, the level of crime has continued to increase.'
DETECT: 察觉,发现
(verb) Form an inpression, find out, discover. For example: 'From the reaction of the staff, it was easy to detect that they were unhappy with the new proposal.'
DETERIORATE: 变坏
(verb) To get worse. For example: 'The situation has deteriorated'.
DETRACT FROM: 贬低
(verb) reduce value or importance of something. Example: 'His negative comments detracted from the enjoyment of the evening'.
DEVIATE: 偏离,背离
(verb) Move away from, differ. For example: 'A large number of young people today like to deviate from the norm of their society.'
DEVICE: 装置
(noun) Machine, tool, gadget. For example: 'Electronic devices such as mobile phones have improved our ability to communicate'
DEVOTE: 将。。奉献给
(verb) dedicate, give, alot. For example: 'It is important to devote adequate time to studying for an exam to ensure a good result.'
DIALOGUE: 对话,对白
(noun) A conversation. Example: 'In Parts One and Three of the listening test, you will hear a dialogue between two or more people and you will have to answer questions.'
DIFFERENTIATE: 区别,区分
(verb) Tell apart, distinguish, see the difference between. For example: 'It is important for teachers to differentiate between the different skills and abilities of their students to ensure they all get a good education.'
DIMENSION: 方面
(noun) Aspect, feature, factor. For example: 'The subject has many dimensions which must be taken into consideration when formulating a rounded argument.'
DIMINISH: 减少,变少
(verb). Reduce, weaken, detract from (authority, reputation, prestige, responsibility). Example: 'Many people are unhappy when laws are introduced which seem to diminish parents’ responsibility for their own children.'
DIRECTION: 方向
(noun) Route, focus, aim. Example: 'The introduction of a report shows the direction and main ideas included in the body'.
DISADVANTAGED: 处于不利的,贫困的
Not having an equal situation to something or someone else; when something or someone has less than other people have.
DISCHARGE: 释放,排出
(verb) 1. To fire a weapon. 'He discharged the gun'
(verb) 2. To release. let go. 'The patient was discharged from hospital this morning'.
DISCRETE: 不相关的,分离的
(adjective) Separate, disconnected. For example: 'The Council is made up of there discrete divisions and communication between them is often difficult.'
DISCRIMINATE: 歧视
(verb) Show prejudice. For example: 'Companies should not discriminate against older workers because of their age as their knowledge, experience and maturity can be of great benefit to a business.'
DISMISS: 不在考虑,解雇
(verb) Choose to ignore; decide something is unimportant. Example: 'The CEO dismissed the idea of higher wages for staff'.
DISORDER: 病,混乱
(noun) Illness, syndrome. Example: 'Many learning disorders have now been identified.'
DISPARITY: 不同,差异
 (noun) A difference, something that is not similar. Example: 'There are disparities in economic stability in different regions'.
See also: INEQUALITY
DISPLACE:
(verb) move or shift from usual position. For example: 'Due to the enormous damage to property a large number if people were displaced due to the damage caused by earthquake.'
DISPLAY: 取代
(verb) show, present. For example: 'By law, motorists must display a current tax disc in the windscreen of their vehicle.'
DISPOSE OF: 处理,去掉
(verb) Get rid of, throw away. For example: 'It is our duty as citizens to dispose of rubbish responsibly.'
DISTINCT: 明显的
(adjective) clear, defintie, noticeable. For example: 'The bar chart shows that there is a distinct variation in purchasing habits over the period shown.'
DISTORT: 歪曲
(verb) Alter, warp, misrepresent. For example: 'The facts received were so distorted that it was difficult to know the truth of the matter.'
DISTRIBUTE: 分配
(verb) Spread, give out. For example: 'It is the Council’s responsibility to distribute information leaflets on this topic to ensure that the public are aware.'
DIVERSE: 不同的
(adjective) Varied, including different types. For example: 'Cities such as London for example, are interesting as the population there is made up of many cultures and is so diverse.'
DOCUMENT: 文件
(noun) Report, file, paper. For example: 'A marriage certificate is an example of a legally-binding document.'
DOGMATIC: 武断的,教条的
(adjective) Describing opinions or beliefs that are unproven but presented as facts. Example: 'It is important that you state your opinions in an appropriate manner and are not dogmatic.'
DOMAIN: 范围,领地
(noun) Area. sphere. For example: 'The domain of computer science involves many sub areas.'
DOMESTIC: 国内的,家庭的
(adjective) Within a country, internal, national. For example: 'A number of countries generate much higher income from business in their international markets than from domestic sales.'
DOMINATE: 占首要地位
(verb) Rule, control, lead, govern, overshadow. For example: 'Use of Microsoft products is so widespread it can be said that they dominate the software industry.'
DRAFT: 起草,准备
(verb) Draw up, prepare, plan. For example: 'I need to draft a proposal before the meeting next week.'
DRAMA: 戏剧性事件
(noun) Crisis, commotion. For example: 'The proposed changes to the education system have caused quite a drama in the newspapers recently.'
DRAMATIC: 大的,戏剧性的
(adjective) Signiificant, large, major. "There was a dramatic rise in the cost of production."
DRAWBACK: 缺点
(noun) a problem, a weakness. Example: 'One drawback of living in a foreign country is that you may not be able to communicate so easily'.
DULL: 无聊
(adjective) Not interesting; boring. Example: 'Some technical books can be very dull to read.'
DURATION: 持续期间
(noun) Period, length of time. For example: 'Exam candidates are not allowed to talk at all for the full duration of the exam.'
DYNAMIC: 有活力的
(adjective) Continually changing or progressing. For example: 'The IT industry is extremely dynamic with huge investment into Research and Development. '
标签:IELTS 雅思
1
2012-01-03 09:08 编辑:htt0724
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