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雅思必会单词(C)

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小编摘要:单词对于英语考试就如同地基对于房屋一样,丰富的单词是英语高分的保证,下面来让我们看一看这部分单词吧。

C
CAPABLE: 有能力的,能够
(adjective) Able, confident, skilled. For example: 'I sometimes feel I am not capable of writing my university essays in English, it is quite difficult for me.'

CAPACITY: 能力
(noun) Size, volume. For example: 'The class is full to capacity so I will have to wait and enroll in a new class next month.'

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: 死刑
(noun) The penalty of death for a crime

CATEGORY: 种类,类别
A division or class of something. For example: There are several categories of cars - family cars, sports cars, 4 wheel drives...

CAUSE: 原因
(noun) The reason something happens. Example: 'The cause of rising sea levels is the melting of polar ice'.

CEASE: 停止
(verb) Stop, end, finish. For example: 'He has been made redundant and his employment contract will officially cease on July 21st.'

CELEBRITY: 名人
(noun) Someone very well known; a public figure. 'Many celebrities, such as Tom Cruise, are photographed wherever they go.'

CENTRALLY CONTROLLED: 集中控制
(adjective) Controlled by a country's government, not by local governments.

CERTAINTY: 必然的事
(noun) No doubt; sure. Example: 'It is a certainty that the world's population will increase.'

CHALLENGE: 挑战
(verb) To argue against an opinion. Example: 'In IELTS writing, you may need to challenge an opinion by giving a different point of view'.
(noun) A difficult situation. Example: 'Studying in a second language can be a challenge for many students'.

CHALLENGING: 困难的
(adjective) Difficult, not easy. Example: 'It can be challenging for international students to study at university in a second language'.

CHANNEL: 引导
(verb) Direct, guide, feed. For example: 'The Government promises to channel more funds into fighting crime if they win the next election.'

CHAPTER: 章节
(noun) Section, part of a book. For example: 'The information we learned today in the lecture is found in more detail in chapter 10 of the textbook.'

CHARACTER: 性格 品质
(noun) How someone behaves / thinks / acts. Example: 'He has a very friendly, approachable character.'

CHART: 图表
(noun) graph, table, diagram. For example: 'It was clear from the bar chart that sales had risen in the period January-April.'

CHEMICAL: 化学制品
(noun) Substance, element, compound. For example: 'There are many harmful chemicals in cigarette smoke.'

CIRCUMSTANCE: 环境
(noun) Situation, event. For example: 'It should depend on the individual circumstances of the crime, as to whether the death penalty is implemented.'

CITE: 引用
(verb) Situation, event. For example: 'It is important to cite the name of the author you have used information from in academic writing for university.'

CIVIL: 公民的
(adjective) Related to individuals and the general public. For example: 'Civil rights allow the right to privacy in most countries.'

CIVILISED: 文明的
(adjective) Having a high state of culture, technology or society. Example: 'Many ancient cultures, such as the Egyptians and the Aztecs, were highly civilised.'

CLAIM: 声称
(noun) Something stated as fact, though not necessarily proven. Example: 'His claims have been ignored by the government'.

CLARIFY: 澄清
(verb) Explain, make clear. For example: 'The instructions given on the examination paper were not clear so we asked the invigilator to clarify what we had to do.'

CLASSIC: 优秀的,标准的
(adjective) Typical. For example: 'A classic example of discrimination is lower pay for women.'

CLASSIFY: 归类
(verb) To put into a group or category. Example: 'Humans are classified as mammals. Sharks are classified as fish'.

CODE: 准则
(noun) Rule, regulation. For example: 'Knowledge of the highway code is tested in the driving test in a theory exam.'

COHERENCE: 连贯性
 (noun) Able to be understood. Example: 'An essay needs to show coherence; that is, a logical flow of ideas'.  See also COHERENT

COHERENT: 连贯的
(adjective) Logical, reasoned. For example: 'In order to gain good marks it is important to write an essay which has good ideas and is coherent.'

COHESION:内聚力
 (noun) Joining ideas together. Example: 'A good essay will be easy to understand because of its cohesion'

COINCIDE: 同时发生
(verb) Happen togther, match, overlap. For example: 'The date for my IELTS exam coincided with my college exams so I did not have enough time to study properly as I had too much to do.'

COLLAPSE: 倒塌,突然失败
(verb) Give way, fail, come to nothing. For example: 'The ideas and proposal for the new business development collapsed when it became clear that necessary funding was not available.'

COLLEAGUE: 同事
(noun) Co-worker. For example: 'Having supportive colleagues in the workplace is very important'

COLLOQUIAL: 口语的
(adjective) Local and informal language. Example: 'Mate' means 'friend in many English speaking countries'.
SLANG (noun) Words used informally, often by particular groups.

COMBINATION: 结合体,联合体
(noun) When two or more things are put together. Example: 'Some IELTS questions will require you to use a combination of skills and abilities'.

COMFORTABLE: 舒服的
(adjective) Calm, relaxed, at ease. Example: 'It is important to show the examiner that you are comfortable speaking English during your IELTS test'.

COMMENCE: 开始
(verb) Start, begin. For example: 'The new university semester commences on February 25th and all new students need to enroll the week before.'

COMMENT: 评价
(verb) Say in passing, mention, point out. For example: 'My teacher commented that my English has improved a lot in the last two months when I spoke with her the other day. '

COMMISSION: 委托
(verb) Appoint, authorise. For example: ' In many people’s opinion artworks commissioned by the Council, are an example of money badly spent as there are more important projects to spend money on.'

COMMIT TO: 承认,保证
(verb) Pledge. For example: 'Although the Government said, during the last election that it was committed to reducing crime rates there has been an increase in violent crime in the last three years.'

COMMODITY: 货物
(noun) Product, good or service. For example: 'Electronic commodities such as computers and equipment have fallen dramatically in price since their introduction to the market.'

COMMON: 普通的
(adjective)
#1 - Similar, shared. Example: 'It is beneficial if husbands and wives have common interests'.
#2 - Usual, regularly occuring. Example: 'It is common for language learners to make grammar mistakes'.

COMMUNICATE: 沟通
To give or exchange thoughts, ideas or opinions.

COMMUNITY: 社区,社会
(noun) A group of people in society. For example: 'Over recent years local communities have become more concerned about increase in crime in their areas.'

COMPARATIVE: 比较的
(grammar term) The form of an adjective used for comparing. Example: tall > taller

COMPARISON: 比较
(noun) When something is compared to something else. Example: 'There have been comparisons made between the landscape of New Zealand and Norway'.

COMPATIBLE: 兼容的,和睦相处的
(adjective) Well-matched, like-minded. For example: 'It is important for employers to employ the most suitable person for a job and that the employee’s personality is compatible with the position being offered.'

COMPENSATE: 补偿
(verb) Balance, make up for. For example: 'Nowadays some parents try to compensate for having little time to spend with their children by giving them too many material things such as toys and games.'

COMPILE: 汇编
(verb) List, compose, record. For example: 'Before I go to the library I need to compile a list of information I need to look for while I am there.'

COMPLAIN: 抱怨
(verb) To say that you are not satisfied or happy with something or someone. Example: 'The customer complained about the poor service'.
(noun) = Complaint

COMPLEMENT: 补充
(verb) Add to, accompany. For example: 'Following a healthy diet and taking regular exercise complement each other well to create a healthy lifestyle..'

COMPLEX: 复杂的
(adjective) Not simple, involved, difficult. For example: 'Arguments in support of, and against the death penalty need to be considered carefully, as the subject is extremely complex.'

COMPLICATED: 困难的
(adjective) Difficult, intricate. Example: 'Mathematics studied at university level is complicated'.

COMPONENT: 组成部分
(noun) Part, piece. For example: 'Tom has the ability to fix my computer but is unsure if he can find the correct components he needs to sort out the problem.'

COMPOUND: 化合物
(verb) Add to, increase (a negative situation). For example: 'Governments should invest more money into public health care as lack of funds only compound the problem hospitals are facing.'

COMPREHENSIVE: 广泛的
(adjective) Wide-ranging, thorough. For example: 'Hospitals should provide comprehensive information booklets so that patients will know what to expect when they have an operation.'

COMPRISE: 包含
(verb) Include, contain, thorough. For example: 'Australia comprises several states including the A.C.T. which contains Canberra.'

COMPULSORY: 强制的
(adjective). Essential, must be done, no choice. Example: 'It is compulsory to have a passport when travelling overseas'.

CONCEIVE: 构想
(verb) Visualise, imagine, think of. For example: 'It is difficult for us to conceive the long term environmental impact of our actions now. '

CONCENTRATE: 集中
(verb) Focus, think. For example: 'It is important to concentrate when revising for exams, study some where quietly and switch of all distractions including radios and TV.'

CONCEPT: 概念
(noun) Idea, theory. For example: 'I am learning about Marketing concepts in my class this week, it is interesting to find out about so many different theories.'

CONCESSION: 让步,妥协
(noun) An acknowledgment or admission that there are opinions different to your own. Example: 'It is important to add a concession to your Task II essay to show that you can consider other opinions'.

CONCLUDE: 总结
(verb) End, finish, bring to a close. For example: 'Before concluding the meeting the CEO thanked us for attending and for our input.'

CONCRETE:实在的,具体的
(adjective). Real, not theoretical or abstract. Example: 'A concrete example'
(noun) A substance that is mixed with sand and water to create a solid material used in building.

CONCURRENT: 一致的,同时的
(adjective) Same time, simultaneous. For example: 'The country’s army had no time to respond due to the concurrent attacks by sea, land and air.'

CONDITIONAL CLAUSE: 条件从句
(grammar term) A sentence that has an 'if' statement - can be zero, 1st, 2nd, 3rd or mixed). Example: 'If students study hard, they have a better chance of success'. (This is a zero conditional clause)

CONDUCT: 行为,方式
(noun) Behaviour, ways, manner. For example: 'The high standard of conduct expected of children at the school is important in helping them learn lessons for later in life.'

CONFER: 商谈,商议
(verb) Consult, discuss. For example: 'Education institutions should confer more with parents to discuss solutions to the growing problem of children missing school.'

CONFIDENT: 自信的
(adjective) Having no doubts; to be sure; being self-assured. Example: 'It is important to appear confident in an interview situation'.

CONFINE: 限制
(verb) Constrict, limit. For example: 'A number of countries are now confining cigarette smoking to outside areas only in public places.'

CONFIRM: 确认
(verb) Check, verify. For example: 'It is shop owners' responsibility to confirm their customers are old enough to buy cigarettes by asking them to provide identification.'
(noun) CONFIRMATION Example: 'A confirmation has been made for the booking next month'.

CONFLICTING: 有冲突的,有矛盾的
(adjective) Differing, opposite. For example: 'There are a number of conflicting opinions on whether technology has improved or reduced quality of life.'

CONFORM: 遵从,遵守
(verb) Fit in with, follow rules of conduct, match. For example: 'Younger people nowadays find it difficult to conform to the rules of society.'

CONFUSE: 使。。。困惑
(verb) To mix up, to not understand correctly. Example: "It can be easy to confuse tenses in English grammar'.

CONNECT: 连接
(verb) To link, to join. Example: 'In English, you can connect ideas with linking words'.

CONSCRIPTION: 征兵
(noun) Compulsory recruitment into the military. Example: 'Many countries still have conscription'.

CONSENT: 同意
To AGREE

CONSEQUENT: 结果
(adjective) Resulting, following. For example: 'A number of people were concerned about the change in government policy and the consequent protests were no surprise.'

CONSIDER: 考虑
(verb) Think carefully about. Example: 'You need to consider possible synonyms for keywords before scanning the reading passage for the answer'.

CONSIDERABLE: 大量的
(adjective) Large, sizeable, substantial. For example: 'A recent survey showed that a considerable number of parents have little knowledge regarding the signs of drug use.'

CONSIST: 组成
(verb) Be made up of. For example: 'The main basis of his argument consisted of the facts and figures he had direct from the survey.'

CONSONANT: 辅音
(noun). Letters in the alphabet that are not a,e,i,o or u.
Some words can begin with a vowel but have a consonant sound. Example: university (yoo-ni-ver-si-ty), uniform (yoo-ni-form).

CONSTANT: 不断的
(adjective) Continual, endless. For example: 'There have been constant problems since the new policy has been introduced.'

CONSTITUTE: 组成,构成
(verb) Comprise, make up, form. For example: 'The research I have collected constitutes a very good basis for my assignment.'

CONSTRAIN: 限制
(verb) Limit, restrict, hinder. For example: 'In order to constrain the increasing use of illegal drugs, stricter penalties should be introduced.'

CONSTRUCT: 建造
(verb) Build, put together, make. For example: 'It is important to construct a solid argument for your essay and making notes beforehand helps enormously.'

CONSULT: 请教
(verb) Ask, check with. For example: 'It is important for patients to consult their doctor before taking any additional medication.'

CONSUME: 消费
(verb)
1. to expend by use; use up. 'Cities consume a high percentage of a country's energy, due to the high populations living there.'
2. to eat or drink up; devour. 'Many people consume a great deal of junk food ona  regular basis.'
3. to destroy, as by decomposition or burning: Fire consumed the forest.
4. to spend (money, time, etc.) wastefully.
5. to absorb; engross: consumed with curiosity.

CONTACT: 联系
(verb). Write to/speak to, get in touch with. Example: 'It is the school’s responsibility to contact parents of children they suspect are taking drugs.'

CONTAIN: 含有
(verb) To include, to hold within. Example: 'The IELTS reading and listening tests both contain 40 questions.'

CONTEMPORARY: 当代的
(adjective). Modern. Example: 'In my opinion contemporary novels are more interesting and true to life than classic literature.'

CONTEXT: 背景,上下文
(noun). Perspective, background. Example: 'A good essay will put all ideas and arguments into a clear context.'

CONTINENTS: 洲
Groups of countries; large masses of land. For example: Europe, Asia

CONTRACT: 合同
(noun). Written and signed agreement, legally binding document. Example: 'An employment contract protects the rights of both employer and employee.'

CONTRADICT: 反驳,否认
(verb). Disagree with, challenge the view of, oppose. Example: 'The findings in the new research project contradict those from the earlier survey.'

CONTRARY: 相反的
(adjective). Opposite. Example: 'There are many contrary opinions to this view.'

CONTRARY (On the contrary): 相反事物
(noun). Opposite. Example: 'Sensible exercise has no ill effects on the body; on the contrary it brings enormous benefits.'

CONTRIBUTE: 贡献
(verb). Add, give. Example: 'Older workers in the work force are important as they contribute their experience, wisdom and patience.'

CONTROVERSIAL: 引发争议的
(adjective) Arguable, disputable, likely to cause disagreement. Example: 'The government's decision to reduce funding of public healthcare was controversial.'

CONTROVERSY: 争论
(noun). Arguement, disagreement. Example: 'A decision to fine parents of children who are not attending school would cause a huge amount of controversy.'

CONVENE: 开会,集合
(verb). Come together, assemble. Example: 'United Nations representatives will convene in Europe next month.'

CONVENTIONAL: 保守的
(adjective) Following accepted customs and traditions. Example: 'In western countries, it is conventional for the bride to wear a white dress on her wedding day.'

CONVERT: 使。。转变
(verb). Change, alter from one use or purpose to another. Example: 'In many parts of the world forest land has been converted to agricultural land and this has impacted on the environment.'

CONVINCE: 使。。。确信
(verb). Persuade, encourage another to believe a point of view. Example: 'It has been difficult to convince the general public of the dangers related to this.'

COOPERATE: 合作
(verb) Work together. For example: 'It is important for Governments of different countries to cooperate together to find a solution to global warming.'

COORDINATE: 调节,协调
(verb) Organise, bring together. For example: 'The conference will require a huge amount of organisation so the company has appointed an Events Manager to coordinate the project.'

CORE: 核心
(adjective) Central, main. For example: 'The company is involved in many different areas of business but its core business is computer software.'

CORPORAL PUNISHMENT: 肉体上的惩罚
(noun phrase) Physical punishment. Example: 'Corporal punishment, such as caning, is now banned in many schools.'

CORRELATION: 相互关系
(noun) A connection or link between things. Example: 'There is a correlation between healthy living and lifespan'.

CORRESPOND: 相符合
(verb) Match, match up to, relate to. For example: 'The findings from this research project correspond with those from earlier studies.'

COUNTERPART: 与对方地位相同的人或者物
(noun) Equal, equivalent. Example: 'A prime minister is the counterpart of a president'.

CREATE: 创造
(verb) Make, invent, produce, generate. For example: 'The arrival of the new factory has created a number of job opportunities for local people.'

CREDIT: 赞扬,认可
(noun) Praise, recognition, acclaim. For example: 'Nursing staff are often not given enough credit for the difficult job they perform.'

CRITERIA: 标准,准则
(noun) Condition related to a situation. For example: 'The successful candidate for the job must meet all the criteria laid down in the job description.'

CRUCIAL: 重要的
(adjective) essential, necessary, vital. For example: 'It is crucial that governments provide good education opportunities for teenagers to ensure a successful future for the country.'

CULPABLE: 应受惩罚的
(noun) The state of being guilty of doing something. 'He is culpable for the damage his children caused.'

CULTURE: 文化
(noun) Society, traditon, customs, way of life. For example: 'It is an important education for people to experience different cultures as it allows them the opportunity to better understand people from countries different to their own.'

CURE: 治疗
(noun) Treatment, solution. Example: 'Many people are searching for a cure for the common cold'.

CURRENCY: 通货,货币
(noun) Money, exchange. For example: 'Currency exchange in Europe is no longer an issue as the majority of countries use the Euro.'

CYCLE: 循环
(noun) Series, sequence. For example: 'Students may be required to describe a process for Task 1 of the writing exam, for example the Water Cycle which describes the journey of water from land to sky and back again.'
标签:IELTS 雅思
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2012-01-02 07:33 编辑:htt0724
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