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联合国协助苏丹难民逃离战斗

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小编摘要:联合国难民机构继续实行紧急空运以帮助成千上万的苏丹难民逃离战争。政府军和叛军之间的战斗发生于苏丹的两个州-青尼罗河和南科尔多凡州,结果,很多的市民只能去南苏丹寻求安全。

 UN Assists Sudanese Refugees Fleeing Conflict


The U.N. refugee agency continues emergency airlifts to aid thousands of refugees fleeing fighting in Sudan.
The fighting between government forces and rebels is taking place in two Sudanese states – Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan. As a result, many civilians have sought safety in South Sudan.

UNHCR spokesperson Vivian Tan said the refugee crisis is getting worse in South Sudan’s Upper Nile State.

“This situation is of growing concern to us because we’re seeing hundreds of people arriving every day into the Upper Nile State from Blue Nile State. And these people are in desperate condition. They’ve walked for weeks to get to south Sudan. They say they’ve fled in anticipation of attacks in Blue Nile State. And they’re desperate for food, water, for shelter,” she said.

Most of the refugees have gathered in the village of Doro in Maban County, far from the border.

“The estimated numbers are between 28- and 31,000 refugees there now. They’ve started building more durable shelters because in the beginning they were sort of scattered in the area living in makeshift shelters. We’ve allocated land for them. That’s a camp in progress. We’ve completed part of it, a section called Doro One, and we’re working on a section called Doro Two, which is an extension of it,” he said.

However, Tan said the top priority is to assist 15 to 20,000 refugees near Il Fug, very close to the Sudan border.

“The challenges are many, including bad roads, which are preventing us from reaching some of these refugees. And also just other logistical problems, like trying to fly in and truck in as many supplies as possible. Another problem that we’re facing is the presence of landmines and unexploded ordinance, which is affecting both road access and the establishment of camps in that area,” he said.

Despite that, UNHCR has managed to begin moving them further from the border to a camp called Jemam.

Meanwhile, the U.N. agency is also helping more than 20,000 refugees from Southern Kordofan State. They’ve crossed the border into South Sudan’s Unity State.

“There’s an area called Yida where many of these refugees have settled. Again it’s close to the border and it’s of great concern because it’s actually come under attack before. We’ve been trying to persuade these refugees to move further inland south for several months now. But they don’t want to move. So that’s a big challenge for us because any move that they make has to be voluntary,” he said.

UNHCR airlifts began about a week ago, carrying $10 million worth of emergency supplies, including plastic sheets, buckets, kitchen sets and tents.

联合国协助苏丹难民逃离战斗

联合国难民机构继续实行紧急空运以帮助成千上万的苏丹难民逃离战争。

政府军和叛军之间的战斗发生于苏丹的两个州-青尼罗河和南科尔多凡州,结果,很多的市民只能去南苏丹寻求安全。

联合国难民事务高级专员办事处发言人Vivian Tan 说南苏丹尼罗河上游国家的难民危机日益严重。

她说:“我们日益开始关注这种情况,因为每天我们都能看到成百上千的人从青尼罗河地区去到尼罗河上游地区,这些人们都处于绝望的境地,他们走了好几个星期才走到南苏丹。他们说他们已经逃离了预期在青尼罗河州发生的袭击。他们急需食物、水和住处。”

大多数的难民都聚集在远离边境的马邦县Doro村。

“现在那儿的难民预计已达28000到31000。他们已经开始修建更加耐用的住所了,因为从一开始他们就有一点害怕住在临时的住所区域。我们已经为他们划拨了土地,营地建设正在进行中,我们已经完成了称作Doro 1的部分,现在我们正在进行Doro 2部分的建造,这是Doro 1的扩展。”他说道。

然而,Tan说首要解决的是救助靠近苏丹边境Il Fug15000到20000的难民。

他说:“我们所遇到的困难和挑战有很多,其中包括道路不畅,这可能会阻挡我们接近一些难民所在的地方;其他的一些后勤问题,像是试图空运和用卡车装载尽可能多的供应物资。我们遇到的另外一个问题主要是地雷和未爆弹药的存在,这不仅影响道路的进入也影响了该地区难民营的修建。”

尽管如此,联合国难民事务高级专员办事处机构已设法开始将他们进一步从边境转移到叫作耶马的营地。

同时,联合国机构还帮助了来自南科尔多凡州的20000多难民,他们跨过边境来到了南苏丹统一国家。

“这些难民中的许多人都定居在叫作Yida的地方,也是靠近边境的区域。这个地方非常受关注,因为之前曾受到过袭击。我们一直在劝说这些难民向内南移几个月,但是他们不想移动,所以这对我们来说是一个巨大的挑战,因为任何的移动都必须是他们自愿的。”他说。

联合国难民事务高级专员办事处空运大约一周前开始,运送了价值1000万美金的紧急备用物资其中包括塑料床单、水桶、厨房设备和帐篷。
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2011-12-31 21:12 编辑:pliny
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