The area was named by a woman in 1849. That was the year after gold was discovered in California. Thousands of people from other parts of the country traveled to the gold mining areas in California. They were in a hurry to get there before other people did.
Many people were not careful. They made bad choices or wrong decisions. One group trying to reach California decided to take a path called the Old Spanish Trail. By December, they had reached Death Valley. They did not have to survive the terrible heat of summer, but there was still an extreme lack of water. There were few plants for their work animals to eat.
The people could not find a pass through the tall mountains. Gradually, they began to suffer from a lack of food. To survive, they killed their work animals for food and began to walk out of the Valley. As they left, one woman looked back and said,"Good-bye, death valley." The name has never been changed. (169 words)
Useful Words and Expressions
mining n. 采矿，矿业
trail n. 踪迹，小径
trail a fugitive 追踪一在逃犯
survive v. 生存，生还
survive sth. 幸免于，从……逃生
survive the fire 从大火中逃生
survive the difficulties 渡过艰苦时期
pass n. 途径，通行，及格