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英文报刊阅读小技巧

所属:专四专八 阅读:4834 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:掌握各种阅读技巧,对专八阅读大有帮助哦

报刊是人们了解国内外大事的窗口,尤其是在社会经济文化迅速发展,国际交流日益频繁的今天,报刊的作用就更为突出。在我国,越来越多的读者想利用英文报刊了解国内外时事,开拓视野,增长知识。如何快速而准确地获得英文报刊的信息,已成为广大读者急需解决的问题。为此,本文着重谈谈阅读英文报刊时需注意的几个方面。

首先,必须掌握英文报刊标题的语言特点。标题是新闻报道的点睛之笔,通常以鲜明的黑体大字在文章的抢眼处标出,它既要扣住全文要点,突出中心,又要新颖醒目,其作用不可忽视。但对不少读者来说,首先碰到的问题是:不少标题奇特,无法一看就懂。究竟是什么东西妨碍顺利阅读和准确理解标题呢?原因在于新闻报道作为一种独特的文体,它的文法和用词与一般的书面英语有很大的区别。这一点在标题的使用上显得尤为突出。因此,对英语学习者来说,掌握标题的语言特点,是读懂标题的关键。新闻报道标题的主要特点是短而精,力求删繁就简,具体表现在两个方面:一是省略某些语法功能的虚词;二是标题的时态有其特定的习惯用法。归纳起来,其语言特点见之于下:
 
1.在不发生歧义的情况下,冠词往往被省略。例如:
 
Boy,7,killed by Ejection From Cockpit of Navy Jet(The Washington Post)
Standard English:A Boy,7,killed by Ejection From the Cockpit of a Navy Jet
Chinese Population Is Put at 1.3 Billion(International Herald Tribune)
Standard English:The Chinese Population Is Put at 1.3 Billion
 
2.系动词经常被省略。例如:
 
Joblessness Still a Problem(China Daily)
Standard English:Joblessness Is Still a Problem
Forecast of Mexican quake accurate,but ignored(Science News)
Standard English:The Forecast of Mexican quake is accurate,but it is ignored
 
3.连词、代词、引导词也会省略。例如:
 
Kings,sheiks rap USSR,US(China Daily)
Standard English:Kings and sheiks rap USSR and US
Anne and baby are well(South China Morning Post)
Standard English:Anne and her baby are well
Far fewer pitclosures and job losses likely than rumored(The Times)
Standard English:There are far fewer pit closures and job losses likely than have been rumored
 
4.现在分词表示事件正在进行。例如:
 
Spinning out of orbit(Time)
Standard English:(The Spacecraft)Is Spinning out of orbit
India Mending Fences(China Daily)
Standard English:India Is Mending Her Fences
 
5.过去分词表示被动语态。例如:
 
Economists told China's programme unchanged(China Daily)
Standard English:Economists are told China's programme is unchanged
Japan:Skilled Hands Needed(International Herald Tribune)
Standard English:Japan:Skilled Hands Are Needed
 
6.动词不定式通常表述未来行为。例如:
 
Florida Freeze To Increase Area Produce Prices(The Washington Post)
Standard English:Florida Freeze Will Increase Area Produce Prices
Pope to visit Japan in February(The New York Times)
Standard English:Pope will visit Japan in February

标签:TEM-8 专八 阅读
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2011-12-27 13:33 编辑:Day_Day_Up1990
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