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2011年8-9月gmat语法机经(至8.26)(九)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:2134 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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 37、suci(700)

  有道忘了是GWD还是PREP原题,是我的第二道,关于honeybees stinger的那个

  194.

  Whereas the honeybee’s stinger is heavily barbed and cannot be retracted from the skin, because the yellow jacket has a comparatively smooth stinger, it is therefore able to be pulled out and used again.

  A. because the yellow jacket has a comparatively smooth stinger, it is therefore able to be pulled out and used

  B. the comparative smoothness of the yellow jacket’s stinger allows them to pull it out and then can therefore use it

  C. the yellow jacket’s stinger is comparatively smooth, and can therefore be pulled out and used

  D. in comparison, the yellow jacket’s stinger is smooth, and thus able to be pulled out and used

  E. in comparison, the yellow jacket has a smooth stinger, thus allowing it to be pulled out and used

  题目释义:Whereas the HBS is barbed and cannot be retracted…, YJS is smooth and can…

  考点:

  1. 句子完整结构 (结合前面提到的run-on)

  1) S+V1+O1, and V2+O2.是很常见的结构. and之后的主语是S, 可是被省了.

  2) S+V1+O1, and pronoun(指代S)+V2+O2. 也是很常见的结构.

  一般在and之后用pronoun指代S作主语是因为and跟S的距离太远.

  3) S+V1+O1 and pronoun(指代S)+V2+O2. 被OG10列为run-on sentence

  2. can和be able to的区别:

  You can say that somebody is able to do something, but can is more usual.

  Bau can has only two forms: can and could. So sometimes it is necessary to use be able to.

  For instance: I will be able to get the car in a week.

  就是说不需要从意思上(能力还是可能性)加以区分,只要注意时态和对称的角度看哪个更合适就行。

  **: can和be able to在与主语搭配逻辑上没有问题的情况下(如主语都是”人”,而不是物),可以平行。

  选项分析:

  A. whereas表示对比,但前后分句逻辑上无法形成对比(because从句也属于夹心修饰); 因为前面未划线部分用的是cannot,后面用can更加呼应;be able to be done错误;it指向yellow jacket错误

  B. the comparative smoothness of结构复杂(形容词形式简洁于名词形式),且与前面不对称;them指代不明;use的动作发出者为smoothness错误

  C. correct;从形合上直接判断C也是最好的:whereas honeybee’s stinger is barbed, yellow jacket’s stinger is smooth;cannot be retracted与can be pulled out。注意!形合意合的方法是迅速解决难题的一大技巧。另外还有一处意合点:comparatively与前面heavily的对称,可以直接排除B,C,D。

  D. In comparison 和 whereas 语义重复;因为前面未划线部分用的是cannot,后面用can更加呼应。

  E. In comparison 和 whereas 语义重复;划线部分与前面未划线部分不对称,ineffective。


38、jolenewjy(V34)

  语法真心记不住,但是有两道破折号题目,要考的同学们可以看看这方面的题目。39、waji0702

  语法有道题大致说:

  if you want to make more accommodations, bababa three parking areas in front of the building and elevator inside?

  A) .......elevator is available

  B.....once you are inside

  个人觉得这题没有语法可言,纯属生活中的口语.....

  还有一题考both from ....and from

  还有abide by, adhere to, confidence in 考法...不懂~....

  还有:fed up or fuel up .....

  还考了很多的标点符号..........太无语了..完全不知到考点是什么....

  abide by

  1. 遵守(法律、规则、协议、决定等);坚持(意见等);服从(决议等):

  He abides by what he said.

  他说话是算数的。

  2. 忠于;信守(诺言、原则等):

  He has always abided by his promises.

  他一向恪守诺言。

  If you make a promise, abide by it.

  你如果做出诺言,就要履行诺言。

  3. 承担(后果等);忍受(不愉快的事等):

  You’ll have to abide by the consequences.

  你必须承担后果。

  adhere to

  1. 粘住,粘附在…上,附着:

  a stamp adhering to an envelope

  一张贴在信封上的邮票

  2. 坚持(决心、习惯、意见等);墨守,遵守;忠于(思想、意见、信念、领导人等);依附;固执,固守,拘泥(意见、规章制度等):

  We adhere to the contract.

  我们遵守契约。

  fed up

  1. 厌恶;厌烦

  2. [口语]讨厌,极其厌烦(或不满)

  fuel up

  1. 加燃料,补充燃料:

  The long-distance plane has to stop at London Airport to fuel up.

  远程飞机必须在伦敦机场停留加油。

  2. [戏谑语]加油水;吃喝;填肚子:

  to fuel up on flavourful food and beer

  吃点鲜美的食物,喝点啤酒

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2011-12-25 11:51 编辑:cwf1986
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