For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a shortessay entitled Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will by commentingon the humorous saying, "Quitting smoking is the easiest thing inthe world. I've done it hundreds of times." You should write atleast 120 words but no more than 180 words。
Nothing Succeeds Without aStrong Will
No great work can be performedwithout will. We envy famous men and imagine that fame was due tosome trick of luck. But when we know their histories, we find thatit is long years of will and constant effort that have broughtabout their success. Just as we can’t reach the top of a mountainwithout climbing, we can’t achieve success without will。
The modern society providespeople with more opportunities than before, and there are storieswhich tell us the possibility of becoming successful overnight.Actually that is not the case. Before these people becomesuccessful, a lot of hard work has been done, unnoticed mostly.What we usually see is the result, but what we ignore is a longprocess of struggling forward and wrestling with internal orexternal obstacles. Take “quitting smoking” for example, which is ,to most people , a difficult task, so people always give up theidea for they don’t have the strong will。
In a nutshell, strong will isan important condition or role of the success the individual shoulddesire to maintain forever. There is no instant success in thisworld. Strong will is the best policy to make your life distinctand your dreams come true。
M: When I say Ilive inSweden, people always want to know about the seasons。
W: The seasons?
M: Yeah, you know,how cold itis in winter, why its light in the day is so short?
W: So what is itlike?
M: Well, it’scold, very coldin winter, sometimes as cold as 26 degrees below centigrade.And ofcourse, when you go out, you wrap up warm, but inside, in thehouses, it’salways very warm, much warmer than at home. Swedishpeople always complain thatwhen they visit England, the houses arecold even when they’re in winter.
W: And what aboutthedarkness?
M: Oh, yeah,around Christmastime, there’s only one hour of daylight, so you really lookforwardto the spring. It’s sometimes a bit depressing, but you’ll see thesummersare amazing. From May to July in the north of Sweden, thesun never sets. It’sstill light at mid-night. You can walk in themountains and read a newspaper。
W: Oh, yeah, theLand of theMid-night Sun。
M: That’s right,but it’swonderful. You want to stay up all night and the Sweden’s madethemost of it. Often they start work early in summer and then leaveat about 2 or3 in the afternoon so that they can really enjoy thelong summer evenings. Theylike to work hard, but play hard too. Ithink Londoners work longer hours, but I’mnot sure this is a goodthing。
Question 19: Whatdo we learnabout the man from the conversation?
Question 20: Whatdo Swedishpeople complain about when they visit England in winter?
Question 21: How doesthe mandescribe the short hour of daylight around Christmas inSweden？
Question 22: Whatdoes the mansay about the Swedish people?
W: What kind oftraining doesone need to go into this type of job?
M: That’s a verygoodquestion. I don’t think there is any, specifically。
W: For example, inyour case,what’s your educational background?
M: Well, I get adegree inFrench in Nottingham, after that, Idid career’s work in secondaryschools, like the career’s guidance people herein the university.Then I went into local government, because I found I wasmoreinterested in the administrative side. Then progressed on touniversities.So there isn’t any plan and specific training. Thereare plenty of trainingcourses in management techniques andcommittee work which you can attend now。
W: But in thefirst place, youdid a French degree。
M: In my time,there wasn’t adegree you could do for administration. I think most oftheadministrators I’ve come across have degrees in all sorts ofthings。
W: Well, I know inmy case Idid an English Literature degree and I didn’t really expect to endupdoing what I’m doing now。
W: Were you localtoNottingham actually? Is there any reasonwhy you went to NottinghamUniversity?
M: No, no. I comefrom thenorth of Englandfrom west Yorkshire, Nottingham is onetheuniversities I put on my list and I like the look of it. Thecampus is justbeautiful。
W: Yes, indeed.Let’s see,were you from the industrial part of Yorkshire?
M: Yes, from theWoolendistrict。
Questions 23 to 25are basedon the conversation you have just heard。
Question 23：What was theman’s major at university?
Question 24：What was theman’s job in secondary schools?
Question 25：What attractedthe man to Nottingham University?
Proverbs, sometimes called‘sayings’ are examples of folk with them. Little listens whicholder people of the culture pass down to the younger people toteach them about life. Many proverbs remind people of the valuesthat are important in the culture .Values teach people how to act,what is right and what is wrong,. Because the values of the eachculture are different, understanding the values of another culturehelps explain how people think and act. Understanding your owncultural values is important too. if you can accept that peoplefrom other cultures act according to their values ,not yours,getting along with them will be much easier ,Many proverbs arevery old ,so some of the values they teach may not be as importantin the culture as they once were ,For example ,Americans today donot pay much attention to the proverb “haste makes waste ”，becausepatience is not important to them .but if you know about pastvalues ,it helps you to understand the present .and many of theolder values are still strong today .Benjamin Franklin ,a famousAmerican diplomat ,writer and scientist, died at 1790 ,but hisproverb “time is money ”is taken more seriously by Americans oftoday than ever before .A study of proverbs from around the worldshows that some values are shared by many cultures .In many casesthough ,the same idea is expressed differently 。
Question 33-35 are based onthe passages you have heard
33, why are proverbs soimportant?
34,acoording to the speaker,what happens to some proverbs with the passage of time?
35,what do we learn from thestudy of proverbs from around the world ?
Our lives are woven together. As much as I enjoy my own
company, I no longer imagine I can get through a single daymuch less or my life completely on my own. Even if I am on
vacation in the mountains, I’m eating food someone else hasgrown, living in a house someone else has built, wearingclothes someone else has sewn from cloth woven by others, using
electricity someone else is distributing to my house。
Evidence of interdependence is everywhere. We are on this
journey together. As I was growing up, I remember beingcarefully taught that independence not interdependence waseverything. Make your own way, stand on your own two feet, or mymother’s favorite remark when I was face to face with consequencesof some action, ‘now that you’ve made your bed, lie on it’. Totalindependence is a dominant theme in our culture. I imagine thatwhat my parents were trying to teach me was to take responsibilityfor my actions and my choices. But the teaching was shaped by ourcultural images. And instead I grew up believing that I wassupposed to be totally independent, and consequently became veryreluctant to ask for help. I would do almost anything not to be aburden and not require any help from anybody。