37. 学校应当更加focus于academic skills还是ethical and social values
原题：“Schools should be responsible only for teaching academic skills and not for teaching ethical and social values.”(23)
The speaker asserts that schools should teach only academic skills, and not ethical or social values. I agree with the speaker insofar as instruction on certain moral issues is best left to parents and churches. However, in my view it is in the best interests of a democratic society for schools to teach at least the values necessary to preserve freedom and a democratic way of life, and perhaps even additional values that enrich and nurture a society and its members.
We all have in interest in preserving our freedom and democratic way of life. At the very least, then, schools should provide instruction in the ethical and social values required for our democracy to survive—particularly the values of respect and tolerance. Respect for individual persons is a basic ethical value that requires us to acknowledge the fundamental equality of all people, a tenet of a democratic society. Tolerance of differences among individuals and their viewpoints is required to actualize many of our basic constitutional rights—including life, liberty, pursuit of happiness, and freedom of speech and religion.
While respect and tolerance are the minimal values that schools should teach, the list should ideally go further—to include caring, compassion, and willingness to help one another. A democracy might survive without these values, but it would not thrive. Respect and tolerance without compassion, it seems to me, breed a cool aloofness that undermines our humanity, and leaves those in the worst position to suffer more and suffer alone—an unhealthy state for any society.
Admittedly, schools should avoid advocating particular viewpoints on controversial moral issues such as abortion or capital punishment. Instruction on issues with clear spiritual or religious implications is best left to parents and churches. Even so, schools should teach students how to approach these kinds of issues—by helping students to recognize their complexity and to clarify competing points of view. In doing so, schools can help breed citizens who approach controversy in the rational and responsible ways characteristic of a healthy democracy.
In sum, schools should by all means refrain from indoctrinating our young people with particular viewpoint on controversial questions of morality. However, it is in a democratic society’s interest for schools to inculcate the democratic values of respect and tolerance, and perhaps even additional values that humanize and enrich a society.
38. v1.surveillance cameras 应该安装再、street帮助law enforcemtn officials identify罪犯和逮捕犯人
V2. the surveillance cameras are helpful for the police officials to identify and arrest someone who breaks the law.
surveillance cameras should be used on the city streets to assist officials identifying and arresting people who break the law.内容大抵如此，可能少了部分单词
那个什么要安装监视cameras来enforce law officials的，什么的JJ上有
[v1] the surveillance cameras are helpful for the police officials to identify and arrest someone who breaks the law.
[v2] 监视摄像头安装在城市街道上有助于law enforcement officials to identify the people who break the law.
[v3] using the cameras helps the laws enforcement officials in identifying and arresting the people who breaks the law.
people should be paid according to the beneficial the profession to society
一个人的PAY取决于How beneficial his profession is to the society
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GMAT考试是美国管理专业招收研究生委员会主办和负责指导的考试, 其英文全称是Graduate Management Admission Test。GMAT考试的科目包括会计学、经济学、管理学、普通管理、生产管理、行政管理、