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牛津饥饿救济委员会呼吁捐助萨赫勒

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小编摘要:一个人道主义机构警告上百万的西非人民正面临着粮食危机。牛津饥饿救济委员会呼吁援助者尽快采取行动。委员 会委员Nahuel Arenas称,不能再浪费时间了。

Oxfam calls on donors for response in Sahel


A humanitarian agency warns that millions of people in West Africa are facing a food crisis. Oxfam is calling on donors to take immediate action. Oxfam's regional humanitarian coordinator, Nahuel Arenas, says there's no time to waste.
"We are talking about January/February. So this is why we need to respond now," he said.

People in Mauritania, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad are said to be particularly at risk. Arenas said the Sahel region often experiences cycles of drought and floods, causing food insecurity. And while that didn’t happen this year, the region did face a combination of problems.

"We had a very bad rain season, on which most of the rural population depends in the Sahel region. We had very few rains very badly spread over the territory. And at the same time we had an increase in prices in the markets. So what happens is that the local populations are facing the double challenge
of low production and increasing prices. So less access to the markets,"he said.
Oxfam reported cereal production fell this year and describes national food reserves as dangerously low. That's caused the jump in prices. Food is available at some markets, but people simply can't afford to buy it. Arenas said when that happens giving money is better than food aid.
"So in these cases we promote the use of cash transfers. So on one side we help households to access their food requirements and at the same time we support markets and the local economy," he said.
Oxfam said regional governments have already recognized the problem. It's calling on them to provide cash transfers and feed for livestock, while preparing to distribute emergency food aid. But the agency’s regional humanitarian coordinator said international donors need to act now, as well.
"Our message would be that the international community can still avoid the worst if we act together now. We know from past crises that acting too late costs far more in lost lives and livelihoods and it's more expensive,"said Arenas.
Oxfam is concentrating on food security, water and sanitation and advocacy to help deal with the situation.

救援组织呼吁捐助萨赫勒

一个人道主义机构警告上百万的西非人民正面临着粮食危机。牛津饥饿救济委员会呼吁援助者尽快采取行动。委员
会委员Nahuel Arenas称,不能再浪费时间了。

“我们说的是一月或者二月,因此我们必须现在就行动。”

毛里塔尼亚,尼日尔,布基纳法索,马里和乍得的人民被指处在极其危险地境地。 Arenas说:“萨赫勒地区经常会有循环的旱灾和水灾,使得粮食紧缺。虽然今年没有旱灾,水灾,但却面临着更复杂的问题。

“今年雨季情况很不好,萨赫勒地区的村民都依赖雨季的降水,今年整个地区降雨量很少。同时,市场上的价格在上涨,所以现在的问题是这个地区面临着低产量和高价格的双重挑战。很少可进入市场。”

牛津饥饿救济委员会报导称今年的粮食产量降低,并且形容国家食物储备少到了危险程度。这使价格突然上升。一些市场上有供应的食物,但是显然人们买不起。Arenas说,这是在资金上援助比援助食物有用的多。


“鉴于这些,我们更多的使用汇款方式。这样一方面,我们帮助了居民购买所需要的食物,同时也有助于市场和当地的经济。”

牛津饥饿救济委员会说当地一些政府已经意识到这个问题。在分发救济食物的同时呼吁汇款及救济禽畜的饲料。但是地区人道主义协调员声称国际捐赠仍然必须马上行动起来。


“我们想传递的信息是当我们一起行动的时候,国际社会仍然能够避免最坏的结果。从以前的危机来看,行动的太晚,失去更多的人及动物,付出的代价更大。”Arenas说。

牛津饥饿救济委员会专注于粮食安全,饮水,卫生及宣传方面来帮助解决问题。 

标签:voa standard
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2011-12-14 20:11 编辑:pliny
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