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2011年8-9月gmat作文机经AA(至8.25)(七)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1897 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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 19.本月机经3次

  对于WEST CAMBRIA的VOLUNTEER AMBULANCE RESPONSE TIME要比EAST CAMBRIA的高很多 所以当地为了能够提供更好的服务和获得更加多的收益 决定要DISBAND自己本身的VOLUNTEER SERVICE转而去HIRE COMMERCIAL AMBULANCE SERVICE.

  原题:“A recent review of the West Cambria volunteer ambulance service revealed a longer average response time to accidents than was reported by a commercial ambulance squad located in East Cambria. In order to provide better patient care for accident victims and to raise revenue for our town by collecting service fees for ambulance use, we should disband our volunteer service and hire a commercial ambulance service.”

  提供观点:

  1. 对事故的反映时间诚然是评价服务质量的一个因素但并不是唯一的因素.所以仅仅因为东区的商业救护班的反映时间短就认定商业救护办的服务更好是gratuitous的.

  2. 就算东区的商业班的服务质量更好也并不意味着,西区用商业班就会有一样的成效.因为东西区的情况是不同的.很可能西区的志愿者更有服务,献身意识.

  此外除非商业班收十分昂贵的服务费用或者有十分多的事故事实这些都是不可能的, 改成商业是不见得就可以给该镇增加很多税收的.所以把这一点作为理由是不正确的.

  considerable revenue significant significance consequently consequence ... is insufficient evidence for the claim that this will be the case for ... ambulance-crew proficiency training emergency

  错误类比 两个城市不一样,很可能因为西和东的不一样,比如,路的情况traffic condition。可能东的车辆更好。服务的态度更好。

  而且没有说东的志愿情况如何,很可能东的志愿比商业的快。

  1、 草率的判断:就算是商业的更快,也不一定更好。反映时间不是唯一的因素,有其他——比如服务的质量,态度,器材等等。

  2、 另外,除非商业可以charge considerable fees 或者 accident rate非常高,否则未必带来可观的revenue。北美范文:

  In this argument the author concludes that West Cambria can increase revenues and provide better care to accident victims by disbanding the volunteer ambulance service and hiring a commercial one. The author reasons that this change would yield additional revenues because service fees could be imposed for ambulance use. The author also reasons that the city would provide better service to accident victims because a commercial service would respond more quickly to accidents than a volunteer service would. The author’s argument is flawed in two respects.

  To begin with, the author’s plan for raising revenue for West Cambria is questionable. Unless the service fees are considerable or the accident rate is extremely high, it is unlikely that significant revenues will be raised by charging a fee for ambulance use. Consequently, revenue generation is not a good reason to disband the volunteer service and hire a commercial service.

  Next, the author’s belief that better patient care would be provided by a commercial ambulance service than by a volunteer service is based on insufficient evidence. The fact that the commercial service in East Cambria has a lower average response time than the volunteer service in West Cambria is insufficient evidence for the claim that this will be the case for all commercial services. Moreover, the author’s recommendation depends upon the assumption that response time to an accident is the only factor that influences patient care. Other pertinent factors—such as ambulance-crew proficiency and training, and emergency equipment—are not considered.

  In conclusion, this argument is unconvincing. To strengthen the argument the author would have to show that substantial revenue for the town could be raised by charging service fees for ambulance use. Additionally, the author would have to provide more evidence to support the claim that commercial ambulance services provide better patient care than volunteer services.

20. 本月机经3次

  学校宿舍的空置率高了,为了降低空置率,学校提出三个办法:reduce the number of campus housing;prevent students from living off-campus;lower the rent of campus housing.

  原题:The following appeared in the editorial section of a campus newspaper.

  “Because occupancy rates for campus housing fell during the last academic year, so did housing revenues. To solve the problem, campus housing officials should reduce the number of available housing units, thereby increasing the occupancy rates. Also, to keep students from choosing to live off-campus, housing officials should lower the rents, thereby increasing demand.”

  校园报纸的社论:

  因为校园住宅的使用率在过去的学年中下降了,住宅收入也下降了。为了解决这个问题,校园住宅办公室应该减少可使用的住宅单元,从而增加使用率。同样的,为了不让学生选择住在校外,住宅办公室应该降低租金来扩大需求。

  提供观点:

  1、入住率和房租收入非因果关系(房租收入下降也可能是赶上经济衰退租房市场低迷、学生招收人数减少等)

  2、降低房租不一定能吸引更多的学生(价格不是唯一因素,存在其他因素如住宿条件、学校管制太严等)

  3、提高入住率不一定能提高收入(尤其是在利用降低房租这个手段时,增加的入住量不一定能弥补降低房租带来的损失)

北美范文:

  The author of this article argues that, to reverse declining revenues from campus housing rentals, campus housing officials should decrease the number of available housing units and reduce rent prices on the units. The author’s line of reasoning is that fewer available units will limit supply while lower rents will increase demand, thereby improving overall occupancy rates, and that the resulting increase in occupancy rates will, in turn, boost revenues for the campus. This reasoning is unconvincing for several reasons.

  To begin with, the author assumes that boosting occupancy rates will improve revenues. All other factors remaining unchanged, this would be the case. However, the author proposes reducing both the supply of units and their rental prices. Both of these actions would tend to reduce revenues. The author provides no evidence that the revenue-enhancing effect of a higher occupancy rate will exceed the revenue-decreasing effect of reduced supply and price. Without such evidence, the argument is unconvincing.

  Secondly, the author assumes that lowering rents will lead to higher revenues by increasing demand. However, it is possible that demand would decrease, depending on the extent of the rent reduction as well as other factors—such as overall enrollment and the supply and relative cost of off-campus housing. Moreover, even if demand increases by lowering rents, revenues will not necessarily increase as a result. Other factors, such as maintenance and other costs of providing campus housing units and the reduced supply of rental units might contribute to a net decrease in revenue.

  Thirdly, in asserting that lowering rental rates will increase demand, the author assumes that current rental rates are causing low demand. However, low demand for student housing could be a function of other factors. For instance, the student housing units may be old and poorly maintained. Perhaps students find the campus housing rules oppressive, and therefore prefer to live off-campus; or perhaps enrollments are down generally, affecting campus housing occupancy.

  In conclusion, the author of this editorial has not argued effectively for a decrease in the number of available campus housing units and a reduction in rental rates for those units. To strengthen the argument, the author must show that a rent reduction will actually increase demand, and that the revenue-enhancing effect of greater demand will outweigh the revenue-reducing effect of a smaller supply and of lower rental rates.

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2011-12-13 14:14 编辑:cwf1986
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