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2011年8-9月gmat作文机经AA(至8.25)(五)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1652 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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  14.某银行说不应该给想要开冰欺凌店的local group 商业贷款。因为那个地方很冷,cold weather can mean slow ice cream sales. 然后举了个例,说是那个地方唯一的冰激凌点,尽管没有竞争,去年的net profit还是下降的10%

  原题:

  “We should not approve the business loan application of the local group that wants to open a franchise outlet for the Kool Kone chain of ice cream parlors. Frostbite is known for its cold winters, and cold weather can mean slow ice cream sales. For example, even though Frostbite is a town of 10,000 people, it has only one ice cream spot — the Frigid Cow. Despite the lack of competition, the Frigid Cow’s net revenues fell by 10 percent last winter.”

  提供观点:

  1, 排除他因,净收入下降的原因是什么?可能是经营不好,草率定价,甚至正因为缺乏竞争导致了这些。

  2, 寒冷冬天不等于没有夏天,也不等于夏天短暂。不能说明原因。

  范文:

  In this memorandum the loan department of Frostbite National Bank recommends against approval of a business loan to a local group that wants to open an ice creamparlor. In support of this decision the loan department points out that Frostbite has a reputation for cold winters and sales of ice cream decrease in cold weather. This latter point is buttressed by the fact that Frostbite’s only ice cream parlor suffered a 10 percent decline in net revenues the previous winter. The loan department’s decision is questionable for the following reasons.

  To begin with, since it is reasonable to expect a decline in ice cream sales during winter months, it is difficult to assess the relevance of the fact that Frostbite has cold winters to the potential success of the Kool Kone franchise. Common sense suggests that this fact would be significant only if it turned out that Frostbite’s winter season lasted 9 or 10 months as it does in arctic regions. In that case slow sales could be expected for most of the year and the loan department’s opposition to the loan would be readily understandable. If, on the other hand, Frostbite’s winter season lasts only a few months and the remainder of the year is warm or hot, it is difficult to comprehend the loan department’s reasoning.

  Next, the loan department assumes that the Frigid Cow’s decline in net revenue last winter was a result of slow sales occasioned by cold weather. While this is a possible reason for the decline, it is not the only factor that could account for it. For example, other factors such as poor business practices or lack of inventory could be responsible for the Frigid Cow’s loss of revenue. The loan department’s failure to investigate or even consider these and other possible explanations for the Frigid Cow’s decline in revenue renders their decision highly suspect.

  In conclusion, the loan department’s decision is ill-founded. To better evaluate the decision, we would need to know more about the length and severity of Frostbite’s winter season. Moreover, evidence would have to be provided to support the assumption that the Frigid Cow’s loss of revenue last winter was a direct result of the cold weather. 

15. 一个Blastom公司,以前是mining technology,由于mining technology的市场变小,为保证股价和利润,B公司有新战略:让以前研究mining的科学家研究renewable energy,一些公司已经在新能源领域做得很成功啦,所以B公司转向新能源领域能保证股价和利润

  考古:

  V1说专攻mining 技术的一个M公司开始把他们家的专家staff转向研究新能源例如天然气之类的。因为绝大多数的新能源公司在过去几年都很成功。所以这个M公司觉着他们也能保证盈利

  V2 mining techchnology will adopt a new renewable energy....

  V3 Due to woldwide derease in demand for mining technology, 某公司profit and stock prices went down. 但是有一些prominent companies in renewable technologies发展的很好。因此该公司应该把research的力量全部投入到renewable technologies去,这样就能stay safe from any future decline.

  V4 去年矿产业效益不好,利润下降,一个技术公司为了 扭转局面,放弃研究矿产技术开发转而投资研究新能源开发 比如太阳能 风能还有生物能源,取得了良好的效益。 根据这件事写个评价之类的东西,让你讨论在什么情况下,是weaken这个结论的。

16.本月机经3次

  Director of Human Resources发表意见说,公司(名叫Excellerate,是一个tire manufacturer)需要改变传统的培训。有证据另一个公司Fun Toys Company就用新的培训方式Apprentice Training Program,就是新人直接观察老员工如何工作,这样公司就节省培训费用以及培训时间。所以Excellerate也可以模仿这个模式来节省培训费用

  考古V1.Afun toys company successfully use the module which that senior employees take on an aprrence,让新员工观察老员工然后从中学习. 这样的话可以减少很多cost for training program。有人建议他们的公司应该学习这个fun toys company.

  V2.The cost of training the new employee plays an important role in the overall expense of a company. 象the Fun Toys Company 发起一个Apprentice Training Progam. 他们给senior empoloyee发 salary bounus 如果他们自愿参加这个项目。在这个项目中new employee can learn business patterns from the senior employee这样来降低新员工的培训成本。 so no more expensive and cost programs are needed. 所以我们公司也应该象FUN Toys Company 一样用这中项目降低新员工培训的成本。”

  V3. A fun toys company sussefully use the module which that senior employees take on an aprrence,让新员工观察老员工然后从中学习. 这样的话可以减少很多expense time for training program。有人建议他们的公司应该学习这个fun toys company.

  V4.一个公司要省新员工培训费,决定让老员工参加一个program,记录他们的habits and activities,让新员工follow,以省去高昂的cost

  V5.培训员工很费钱,一个玩具商店取消了员工培训,让员工自己向老员工学习,但是有技能的员工有奖励,所以作者的公司也想这么干。

  V6.Fun Toy Company采取了一个职工培训计划program,让senior employees volunteer to take an new employees as their apprentice, 这样的话,new employees 就可以follow the pattern sets by the senior employees. 用这种方法, 可以减少培训成本,也不会time-consuming。因此,我们公司也应该仿效该公司,采取同样的方法来培训员工。

  提供观点:

  1.老员工的不一定适合新员工,时代在变化。

  2.没有考虑cost-effect analysis. 在这个项目实施过程中,给老员工发的salary bonus 可能大于省下的training cost。

  3.并且在学习过程中,新员工可能会学到老员工的一些坏习惯,比如错误操作等。

  4.在Apprentice Training Program中新员工只能学到专业技能,操作,但是对团队协作力,团队建设等没有很好的培训到。

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2011-12-12 19:42 编辑:cwf1986
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