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移民--社会问题的代罪羔羊

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小编摘要:最新报导称只有很少的实行公共政策的地方比移民区存在更大的偏见、两极化和政治辩论冲突,国际移民组织(IOM)称这是我们这个时代最被人误解的一个问题。

Report: Migrants Often Scapegoats for Society’s Problems
移民常成为社会问题的代罪羔羊




A new report says few areas of public policy are subject to greater bias, polarization and political debate than migration. The International Organization for Migration, IOM, calls it one of the most misunderstood issues of our time.
The IOM says we're living in an era of the greatest human migration in recorded history, calling it one of the defining features of the contemporary world.

"Nobody can deny that migration will play a bigger even role in the future. So, you love it or hate it, but migration is here to stay, said IOM spokesman Jumbe Omari Jumbe, adding, "It is a natural process in human evolution, if you like."

The new report is entitled World Migration Report 2011: Communicating Effectively about Migration. It recommends a fundamental shift in the way people talk about it.

"There is a lot of negative reporting. Not only negative reporting, but also there is a lot of misrepresentation of the migration debate. And we think that by allowing migrants themselves to speak about themselves rather than being spoken about them, this will at least rectify the imbalance that exists today," he said.

Jumbe said the media are partly to blame for the misrepresentation.

"First of all, the media do not represent the migrants themselves and very few media houses have migrant staff members. And the second thing is that most of the media houses we have followed do not understand the migration issue. Migration is a very complex issue," he said.

Jumbe said migration has become a scapegoat or catchall issue that "masks the public's fear and uncertainties."

"So migration is blamed for everything, starting from economic, social and even political issues. So this is a huge misrepresentation because it does not look at all sides of migration. We don't deny that there are some negatives in migration," he said.

For example, migrants may put a strain on social services or act in a way that is criticized by host communities. But Jumbe says the positives outweigh the negatives through an exchange of talent, services, skills and diverse experience. In addition, migrants send billions of dollars to their home countries in the form of remittances. These may be a huge part of national budgets.

The IOM report also says the public often overestimates the size of the migrant populations in their country. In the United States, for example, an opinion poll indicated the public believed migrants made up 39 percent of the population. The actual figure was 14 percent. Another poll showed Italians believed migrants were 25 percent of the population, when in reality the figure was seven just percent.

最新报导称只有很少的实行公共政策的地方比移民区存在更大的偏见、两极化和政治辩论冲突,国际移民组织(IOM)称这是我们这个时代最被人误解的一个问题。

国际移民组织说我们生活的这个时代据历史记载是拥有移民数目最庞大的时代,我们称作这是我们当代世界的定义特征之一。

国际移民组织发言人Jumbe Omari Jumbe说道:“没有人能否认移民将在未来发挥更重要的作用,所以不论你喜欢还是不喜欢,移民已经存在,这是人类进化中的一个自然进程。”

新报告题为2011世界迁移报告:关于移民的有效沟通。它建议将人们谈论移民的方式做一个根本性的改变。

他说:“对于移民有很多的负面报道,甚至有时已经演变成虚假的报道。我们认为应让移民自己说而不是被别人来说,这样至少可以修正当今社会中存在的不平衡。”

Jumb说媒体对于这些虚假的报道应承担部分责任。

他说:“首先,媒体不能代表移民自己,且很少的媒体部门有是移民的工作人员。其次,我们所跟进的媒体部门中大多都不了解移民问题,因为移民问题是一个很复杂的问题。”

Jumb说移民已经变成代罪羔羊或移民问题已变为“隐含公众恐惧和不确定”的通用问题。

他说:“所以从经济开始到社会甚至再到政治问题,这一切都被归咎于移民。这是一个巨大的失实陈述,因为它没有看到移民的各个方面。当然,我们也不否认移民存在一些负面因素。”

例如,移民可能会对社会服务造成压力或是有时会做出存在收容社区不认可的行为。但是Jumb说利大于弊,移民可以促进人才、服务、技能和不同经验间的相互交流与合作,此外,移民还可以向自己的国家以汇款的方式发回数千亿的美元,而这些钱将可能组成国家预算的一个很大的部分。

国际移民组织报道还说公众常常过高估计了他们自己国家移民人数的规模。例如,在美国,根据民意测验来看人们认为移民的人数占美国总人数的39%,但实际上只占14%。另外一个民意测验表明意大利人估计移民人数占该国总人数的25%,但真实的数目仅仅只有7%而已。

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2011-12-07 20:54 编辑:pliny
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