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惊艳!意大利的两座火山蠢蠢欲动

所属:生活杂谈 作者:国家地理 来源:国家地理 阅读:4083 次 评论:3 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:火山喷发是让人害怕的事情,但是很多摄影爱好者还是会义无反顾地记录下这绝美的画面!我们也许不敢亲临现场,那么就跟随国家地理勇敢的记者们去看一下吧。

Stromboli Volcano, Italy 意大利斯特朗博利火山

Photograph by Massimo Sestini, Getty Images

斯特朗博利火山位于地中海西西里岛北部的利帕里群岛东北。人们在公元前约450年已观察到它活动,2000多年来该火山一直在持续活动。它的小规模的“斯特朗博利式”爆炸,将白炽的熔渣猛掷于火口垣之上,每小时可发生数次,但是大的喷发不频繁。近期火山活动的熔岩以粗面玄武岩质为主。1930年斯特朗博利火山强烈喷发的情况。

Long known as the Lighthouse of the Mediterranean, this volcano north of Sicily has been in near-continuous eruption for at least a thousand years.

Visible from the safety of cruise ships or by guided hike (safety helmet required) the 3,031-foot (924 meter) volcano pretty much is the island of Stromboli, but that doesn't mean there isn't room for hotels, shops, and villages along its rugged coast.

Stromboli's eruptions are also relatively safe to watch ("relatively" being the operative word in volcano tourism), with blobs of rock arcing up in photogenic curtains of fire, but no major explosions.

In fact, Stromboli's frequent blasts of hot cinders have been so consistent and so well studied that volcanologists apply the term "Strombolian" to similar eruptions anywhere in the world, Leat said.

Etna Volcano, Italy 意大利埃特纳火山

Photograph by Carsten Peter, National Geographic

埃特纳火山是意大利著名的活火山,也是欧洲最大的火山,位于意大利南部的西西里岛,海拔高度约3300 米。埃特纳火山下部是一个巨大的盾形火山,上部为300 米高的火山渣锥,说明在其活动历史上的喷发方式发生了变化。由于埃特纳火山处在几组地层断裂的交汇部位,一直活动频繁,是有史以来喷发历史最为悠久的火山。其喷发史可以上溯到公元前1500 年,到目前为止已喷发过二百多次。

Towering 10,922 feet (3,329 meters) above the Mediterranean Sea, Etna is the tallest volcano in Italy—high enough that at this time of year it's possible to see fire and snow mingling.

But while steam clouds are common around Etna, it can be difficult to time a visit to see a fiery eruption. Although the mountain has erupted 18 times so far in 2011 (most recently on November 15) many of these eruptions were single-day events, with none lasting longer than five days.

Located on the island of Sicily, Etna is an easy side trip from Stromboli, making it possible, if Etna cooperates, to catch two eruptions for the price of one.

Even when it's not producing a fire show, Etna is a major tourist attraction, bustling with bus tours, skiing, and hiking.

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2011-12-02 16:26 编辑:Fionafyy
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