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拥有创造性思维的人更易作弊

所属:生活杂谈 来源:daily mail 阅读:2547 次 评论:1 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:作弊行为与创造力是否有关系?有关系!心理学家在对一系列学生进行测试后发现,具有创造性思维的学生作弊的可能性更大,因为他们能编出巧妙的理由来掩饰他们的做法。

导读:研究人员声称,拥有创造性思维的人更容易作弊,并且会利用他们的创造性思维编排各种理由为他们的行为作出解释以减轻自己的罪恶感。这一现象更直接的后果则是具有创造性思维的人在工作场所更易陷入道德困境,因为他们有时候解决问题的办法在道德上是不能接受的。然而聪明与不诚实并没有必然关系,实验表明,有些不那么聪明的人也会作弊。因此创造性与自私行为是否有必然关系有待进一步研究。

Creative thinkers are more likely to cheat as they can come up with elaborate explanations to justify their actions, researchers claim.

The psychologists tested a range of students and found that those with vivid imaginations cheated in order to get a bigger financial prize.

The students then used their creative thinking skills to come up with different reasons for their actions and ultimately assuage their guilt.

Scientists say the practical implications of the results are that creative people may be more at risk in the work place when faced with ethical dilemmas.

'Greater creativity helps individuals solve difficult tasks across many domains,' study researcher Francesca Gino of Harvard University said in a statement, according to LiveScience.

'But creative sparks may lead individuals to take unethical routes when searching for solutions to problems and tasks.'

Scientists asked 97 students from southeastern U.S. universities to complete a series of recognised psychological tests.

Participants looked at drawings with dots on two sides of a diagonal line and were then asked figure out which side had more dots. In half of the 200 tests, there was a virtually identical number of dots on either side.

The students were then given an incentive of 5 cents for choosing the right side of the line but only  0.5 cents for picking the left side of diagram.

The more creative people chose the more lucrative right side even though there was no reason for them to believe it had more dots.

The researchers claim that this is proof that creative individuals construct imaginative justifications in their mind while cheating, and in particular, when cheating for money.

A second experiment saw students answer general-knowledge questions by circling their answers on test paper.

They were then told to transfer their answers to another piece of paper. However, the researcher then told them that this same test sheet had been accidentally marked with the correct answers.

Although the students were led to believe there was no way they could get caught cheating, a system was in place to catch those who had.

Once again it was the creative types who had taken shortcuts by copying the correct answers. During this experiment students also knew they would be paid more for correct answers, so had more incentive to cheat.

The researchers said that creative people 'feel licensed to cheat'.

'Being able to generate several original justifications for one's own unethical actions thanks to creativity may lead people to feel licensed to cheat,' the authors wrote in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

'The results from the current paper indicate that, in fact, people who are creative or work in environments that promote creative thinking may be the most at risk when they face ethical dilemmas.'

The study did not identify a link between intelligence and dishonesty. Less intelligent people who lacked creativity were also no more likely to cheat.

The psychologists now want to look further into whether creativity pushes people to pursue selfish goals in life.

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2011-12-01 17:57 编辑:lilylikelily
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