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别只关心孩子成绩 小学生都开始自杀了

所属:生活杂谈 作者:Bonnie Rochman 来源:时代周刊 阅读:3070 次 评论:1 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:40%第一次企图自杀的孩子是小学生或者初中生,这一调查结果让人震惊。现在生活的压力加大,家长们也容易让孩子承受很大的学习压力。孩子终究是孩子,应该让他们好好享受童年。

家长不要总抱着“怕孩子输在起跑线上”的观念,对孩子期望过高。孩子一时成绩不好,不代表他们今后一定无法成才。对于7岁~12岁的孩子,应该注意寓教于乐,让他们在兴趣、快乐中学习,而不是用“死填硬塞”的方式或分数至上的观念给孩子施压,让孩子对学习产生厌恶情绪、对家长产生不满,甚至轻生。

Almost 40% of kids attempting suicide make their first try in middle or even elementary school, according to research that suggests that kids who think they want to kill themselves are considering it long before previously assumed.

Suicide attempt rates rose steeply at age 12 — around sixth grade — and peaked two to three years later. The 39 teens who said they had tried to commit suicide multiple times reported first attempting when they were as young as 9, which is the average age of a third-grader. Teens who said they had tried just once were more likely to have attempted suicide later, in high school.

The teens who participated had been asked previously, since they were in first and second grade, about their levels of depression and anxiety but not about suicidal behavior. To verify that their suicide attempt recollections were accurate, researchers compared the self-reported results with the children's depression scores in the year that they first attempted suicide. "We found a significant bump," says Jim Mazza, lead author and a professor of educational psychology at the University of Washington.

Kids who try to commit suicide have traditionally been assumed to be high schoolers, but indications that a significant proportion are considerably younger raises questions about how and when to target preventive efforts. "All high schools are supposed to have suicide prevention programs, but this suggests to us that assessing kids' mental health in younger years is advisable."

Schools conduct academic testing all the time; Mazza says mental-health testing is just as critical. "My belief as a school psychologist is education does not equal just academics," he says.

Coping strategies and decision-making skills should be emphasized and honed, he says, or a worst-case scenario may follow, particularly since children seem to be under more pressure to succeed than they were a generation ago.

标签:考试 学生 学习
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2011-12-01 14:46 编辑:Fionafyy
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