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抢占翻译前线:四级翻译解析(09)

所属:四六级英语 阅读:2601 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]
 

 2011年6月大学英语四级真题

87.The university authorities did not approve the regulation,____________________________(也没有解释为什么).

学校领导没有批准这项制度,也没有解释为什么。

解析:nor did they make any explanation / nor did they give the reason for doing so.

考察两个知识点。两个否定分句的并列结构,后一个否定词开头的分句中,主谓部分要倒装。nor的倒装句用法,后半句表示“也不”的否定意义,注意助动词的时态与上半句保持一致;“作解释”的表达,考察了汉译英中动词转名词的技巧,explain →explanation,或者give an explanation.(注意别写错了explanation,需要去掉i的)

88. Jane is tired of dealing with customer complaints and wishes that she,_______________________(能被分配做另一项工作).

Jane对处理客户投诉的工作厌倦了,她想被分配做另一项工作。

解析:could be assigned (to) another job.

考察wish从句的虚拟语气用法(can→could)和“分配某人做某事”的词组搭配,assign sb. to sth. 或者assign sb. sth.也可用be arranged to another post.

89. John rescued the drowning child _______________________(冒着自己生命危险).

John 冒着自己的生命危险救落水儿童

解析:at the risk of his own life

考察“冒着…的危险/风险做某事”的词组搭配:at the risk of sth. ,可以用at the  expense of one’s own life(冒着某人的生命危险做某事)“冒风险”可以用risk (doing) sth.

90. George called his boss from the airport but it(接电话的却是他的助手).

George 从机场打电话给他的老板,接电话的却是他的助手。

解析:was his assistant who answered / picked up the phone

这句比较灵活,在句法上,既可以使用强调句结构,也可以采用turn out的惯用搭配(turned out that his assistant answered / picked up the phone);在“接电话”的表达上,可以用pick up / answer the phone.

强调句结构为it be sb. who do sth. ,而turn out变化则较多,可以用turn out to be sb. who do sth.或者turn out + that + 从句。

91. Although he was interested in philosophy, his father__________________________(他的父亲说服他)majoring in law.

尽管他对哲学感兴趣,但是他父亲说服他去修法律。

解析:persuaded him into / talked him into

本题考察“说服某人做某事”的表达,persuade / talk sb. into doing sth.或者persuade sb to do sth.

整体评价:今年6月的翻译题难度适中,89和91题的词组搭配是拿分题,而87题的倒装结构和88题的虚拟语气用法也是广大四级考生的“老朋友”,不熟悉实在说不过去~本文是系列完结篇,最后预祝大家顺利取得理想成绩!

7
2011-11-28 16:57 编辑:甯老师
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