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2011年8月gmat语法机经(至8.16)(三)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:2581 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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8月08日

1.【MarsTOF(Q50,V34,690)】   

44).不过说起来语法还是常规的东西,楼主能判断出来的都是主谓一致,平行,还有分号前后的句子是否要用连词连接等。

还考到一个是否用whether不用if的情况。

Whether/if用法练习题~PREP07-1-70

It is unclear whether chimpanzees are unique among nonhuman species in their ability to learn behaviors from one another, or if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found.

(A) if, when other animals are studied in as much depth, similar patterns would be found

(B) if other animals were studied with as much depth they would exhibit similar patterns

(C) would similar patterns be found in other animals if they were studied in as much depth

(D) whether similar patterns would be exhibited in other animals that were studied with as much depth

(E) whether other animals would exhibit similar patterns if they were studied in as much depth

考点:      平行对称(Parallelism)     有效用词(Diction)   简洁有效(Rhetorical Construction)

1)    在GMAT考试用只能用whether表示“是否“,不能用if

2) when不能够引导条件从句

3)    习惯用语:in depth

4)    能用主动语态的就不要使用被动语态,主动语态优于被动语态

(A) if应该改成whether;使用when从句来表示条件从句,错误

(B) if应该改为whether; with as much depth不符合习惯用法

(C) It is unclear whether… or would…结构不平行

(D) similar patterns would be exhibited in other animals表达笨拙,应该改为主动语态;with as much depth不符合习惯用法;用that限定性定语从句修饰animals无法表达出条件关系,改变了句子的合理意思

(E)   正确, It is unclear whether… or whether…结构平行;用语简洁,符合习惯用法;使用if从句表达条件关系,符合句子的逻辑意思

句子结构: It is unclear whether…, or whether…

补充说明:

GMAT考试中经常会使用when从句来作为条件从句的迷惑选项.对于中国考生来讲比较有迷惑性,when的意思是“当…的时候”,很多人习惯性的省略掉“…的时候”把when理解为“当…”这样一来就容易把when和if等条件从句弄混.以OG11th      第8题为例:

8. Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead

(B) when not accompanied corresponding by increases in sales, possibly leads

(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases can lead

(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads 

(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

A,B,C用when从句来表示条件从句,排除,选项D中possibly改变了原句can的意思,排除,答案E

2.【SallySun (750,Q50,V40)】 

45).语法考点有不少固定搭配,记得有考到emphasize on, impinge on. 还有2-3道都是需要把逻辑主语搞清楚,尤其是动名词开头的句子,但是句子里面有不少单词看不懂,所以挺影响读懂题目的,一定要小心!

impinge on/upon   somebody/something   phrasal verb   formal

  to have a harmful effect on someone or something : 

Personal problems experienced by students may impinge on their work.

Emphasis on

1 special attention or importance

emphasis on

In Japan there is a lot of emphasis on politeness.

put/place emphasis on something

The course places emphasis on practical work.

a  change of emphasis  in government policy

2 special importance that is given to a word or phrase by saying it louder or higher, or by printing it in a special way  →  stress

emphasis on

The emphasis should be on the first syllable.

‘And I can assure you,’ she  said with emphasis , ‘that he is innocent.’

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2011-11-28 12:20 编辑:cwf1986
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