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我们根本不需要最低工资

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小编摘要:保护劳工利益,消灭最低工资。

最低工资




最近我在看摩根·斯波洛克的《30天》节目。在节目中,斯波洛克将会在三十天内改变他的生活方式,从而扩宽他对世界的理解。在第一季里,斯波洛克和他的未婚妻尝试在最低工资收入上活过一个月。不出所料,他们犯了许多判断失误,比如在他们侄子来访的一天花掉了80美元。
I recently watched the first episode of 30 Days, Morgan Spurlock's series about changing a person's lifestyle for 30 days in order to widen their perspective on the world. In this episode, Spurlock and his fiancée spent 30 days trying to survive on minimum-wage salaries — and they make blatant errors in judgment when it comes to their personal finance decisions (spending $80 when his nephew and niece came to visit for a day, for example).
故事到此为止,倒是很有教育价值。但是接下来斯波洛克发挥说:我们应该提高最低工资。这就大错特错,大错特错,大错特错了。原因?因为我们根本不需要最低工资。
More importantly, Spurlock uses the episode to advocate increasing the minimum wage. This article is meant to address the gaping holes in Spurlock's arguments as well as the problems in the arguments that I often hear when I explain how unnecessary our minimum-wage laws are.
最低工资的支持者老是提这几个理由,我重复一下:
I'll condense these arguments into three categories:
1. 公司间的竞争会把工资率降到零
1.that collusion among companies would drive wage rates to near zero;
2. 取消最低工资,工资会大幅降低
2.that eliminating minimum wage would cause salaries across the board to drop; and
3. 穷人们很可怜啊很可怜
3.that citizens should not be compensated so poorly.
这些理由看上去有理,其实毫无道理。
Each of these arguments may appear valid on the surface, but they all have fatal flaws.
让我们回顾历史。在美国,最低工资法最先出现在1938年的《公平劳工法案》里。实际上,二十年前,国会就已经特别为女工人设置了最低工资(每月71.5美元)。后来这项条例在“阿特金斯对儿童医院”一案中被废除了,理由是这项法律取消了个人的选择权。譬如一位急需用钱的女工愿意只拿70美元工作的话,法律却禁止她这样做。
Before delving into the debate, it may be helpful to understand a little of the history behind minimum wages. In the United States today, minimum-wage regulations are covered under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA). But 1938 was not the first time a minimum wage was accepted into law.Twenty years earlier, Congress established a minimum-wage law specifically for women, requiring that they be paid at least $71.50 per month. That law was overturned in the Supreme Court case Adkins vs. Children's Hospital, on the grounds that it restricted a worker's right to negotiate her own labor contract. If, for example, a woman wanted to increase her chance of being employed by offering her talents for $68.50 per month, the law made it illegal for her to do so.
1938年后接下来七年里,最低工资近乎翻番。73年过后,最低工资已经翻了28倍,只被调低过一次(1963)。最近的一次是在2009年7月24日:最低工资被调到了7.25美元。更严重的是,州政府在此之上还可以自行设置更高的最低工资。
This minimum-wage rate almost doubled within the next seven years.In the 73 years since the passage of the FLSA, the federal minimum wage has been increased 28 times and decreased only once (in 1963). The most recent adjustment was made on July 24, 2009, when it was raised to $7.25.It should also be noted, however, that states are allowed to mandate their own minimum wage as long as it is not lower than the federal level.
我最常听到的最低工资辩解是,如果没有最低工资,那么所有公司会联合起来,逼工人替他们白干活。这个理由有两点站不住脚:第一,雇员不是被迫在某个地方工作的;第二,企业间的竞争会让工资越来越高。
The most common concern I hear when discussing the possibility of eliminating the minimum wage is that companies will be able to get together and gang up on their employees, forcing them to accept wages of nearly nothing. This sounds plausible, but it leaves out two key points: employees are not "forced" to work at a specific place, and competition between businesses will automatically lead to different wages (not just between companies, but within the company as well).
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2011-11-21 15:11 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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最新评论:
  • yes, I think the government should raise the min salary for us ,expecially for those poor workers like me.I can hardly save any by the end of each month.If this situation keeps going ,how could I survive in life.Most of us are ordinary workers .Only hope that the government could give their care and concern to us.

    2011-11-22 09:53 回复 支持(3) 反对(0) 沙发
    • 卡尤拉 说:

      ..please read more carefully. this article suggest the government cancel the policy of minimum salary. ...

      2011-11-26 15:24 回复 支持(0) 反对(0)
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