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2011年8月gmat作文机经AA(至8.12)(六)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1833 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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34.学生反对学校削减项目开支,有200学生加入,另12000学生不是留在学校就是没参加发对活动,作者称200人不足以代表所有学生意见,因此政府不应考虑学生们的反对意见。

原题:去年冬天有200个州立大学的学生去州政府抗议政府消减这个大学的各种项目费用,但由于其他的12000名大学似乎这个问题不感兴趣,他们或者呆在校园,或者休假。由于200人相对于12000来说,不具有代表性,所以州政府可以不用理睬学生的抗议。

The following appeared in the editorial section of a local newspaper:

“This past winter, 200 students from Waymarsh State College traveled to the state capitol building to protest against proposed cuts in funding for various state college programs. The other 12,000 Waymarsh students evidently weren’t so concerned about their education: they either stayed on campus or left for winter break. Since the group who did not protest is far more numerous, it is more representative of the state’s college students than are the protesters. Therefore the state legislature need not heed the appeals of the protesting students.”

提供观点:

1.    代表学生的形成方式不知道。如果是随机产生的,那么去反对的学生完全可以代表学生总体。

2.    没去的学生不一定不关心。他们可能有更重要的事情要忙。例如要赶回家过圣诞节。有已经订好的寒假计划等等。

3.    此外,没去的学生之所以没有去很可能是因为他们觉得那些代表足可以代表他们表达心声。

范文:

First, the author assumes that because only one-tenth of the students took part in the protest, these students’ views are unrepresentative of the entire student body. This assumption is unwarranted. If it turns out, for example, that the protesting students were randomly selected from the entire student body, their views would reflect the views of the entire college. Without information regarding the way in which the protesting students were selected, it is presumptuous to conclude that their opinions fail to reflect the opinions of their colleagues.

Second, the author cites the fact that the remaining 12,000 students stayed on campus or left for winter break as evidence that they are not concerned about their education. One obvious rejoinder to this line of reasoning is that the students who did not participate did so with the knowledge that their concerns would be expressed by the protesting students. In any case, the author has failed to demonstrate a logical connection between the students’ alleged lack of concern and the fact that they either stayed on campus or left for winter break. Without this connection, the conclusion reached by the author that the remaining 12,000 students are not concerned about their education is unacceptable.

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2011-11-23 15:22 编辑:cwf1986
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