在线词典,在线翻译

词汇掌故:RX标志起源始末

所属:听力板块 来源:voa 阅读:3664 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:今天我们讲述的故事非常古老。它可以追溯到大约5000年前,和代表某些单词的一个标志有关。我们在药店,或找医生开处方单都会看到这个标志。它也会出现在药瓶底部。这个标志是由右下角被一条直线贯穿的字母R组成。

词汇掌故:RX标志起源始末

 

 Every week at this time, the Voice of America tells about popular words and expressions used in the United States. Some of these words and expressions are old. Some are new. Together, they form the living speech of the American people.

Our story today is very old. It goes back about five-thousand years. It is about a sign that is used to represent some words.

We see this sign on drug stores and whenever we visit a doctor to get an order for medicine. It also appears on bottles of pills and other medicines.

The sign is formed by a line across the right foot of the letter "R." It represents the word "prescription." It has come to mean "take this medicine."

The sign has its beginnings five thousand years ago in Egypt. At that time, people prayed to Horus, the god of the Sun. It was said that when Horus was a child, he was attacked by Seth, the demon of evil.

The evil Seth put out the eye of the young Horus. The mother of Horus called for help. Her cry was answered by Thoth, the god of learning and magic. Thoth, with his wisdom and special powers, healed the eye of Horus. And the child was able to see again.

The ancient Egyptians used a drawing of the eye of Horus as a magic sign to protect themselves from disease, suffering and evil. They cut this sign in the stones they used for buildings. And it was painted on the papyrus rolls used for writing about medicine and doctors.

For thousands of years, the eye of Horus remained as a sign of the god's help to the suffering and sick.

Long after the fall of the ancient Egyptian civilization, doctors and alchemists in Europe continued the custom of showing a sign of the gods' help and protection. But over the years, the sign changed from the eye of Horus to the sign for Jupiter, the chief god of the Romans. Jupiter's sign looked much like the printed number "four."

That sign changed, also. Today, it is the easily-recognized capital "R" with a line across its foot.

The sign no longer offers heavenly assistance to the sick. It now means "take this medicine."

(MUSIC)

This VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES was written by Frank Beardsley. The narrator was Maurice Joyce. I'm Warren Sheer.

___

Editor's Note: One of our loyal website visitors has pointed out that there are two stories of where the term Rx may have come from. MedicineNet.com explains it this way:

The symbol "Rx" is usually said to stand for the Latin word "recipe" meaning "to take." It is customarily part of the superscription (heading) of a prescription.

Another explanation for the origin of Rx is that it was derived from the astrological sign for Jupiter which was once placed on prescriptions to invoke that god's blessing on the drug to help the patient recover.

3
2011-11-20 20:19 编辑:pliny
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [听力板块]词汇掌故:天鹅之歌

    传说天鹅在临死之前会发出它这一生当中最凄美的叫声,也许是因为它知道自己时间不多了,所以要把握这最后的时光,将它最美好的一面毫不保留地完全表现出来.
  • [听力板块]9.11突发事件录音公布

    今天,我们将通过9.11袭击事件发生时的一些对话回顾10年前的那一幕。一份最新公布的文件包括空中管制员(简称空管)、军方飞行员和其他人士对这次突发事件反应的录音。
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章