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2011年7-8月gmat语法机经(至8.3)(十二)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:2040 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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4.【Hardy冉冉】

28).愈发题真的不难,遇到了很多在 含有that从句的选项 和 "of/for"+动名词短语的选项 间选择的题。这种情况下的原则是,that从句优于 "of/for"+动名词短语。

类似题目练习PREP7-17

Rejecting the apprenticeship model of training social workers in philanthropic agencies, twentieth-century reformer Edith Abbott was convinced of social work education belonging in the university so that students could be offered a broad range of courses dealing with social issues.

(A) of social work education belonging in the university so that

(B) that social work education should be in the university, and that

(C) about the importance of social work education belonging in the university while

(D) that social work education belonged in the university, where

(E) of the necessity of social work education being in the university and 

考点:      简洁有效(Rhetorical Construction)、句子结构(Grammatical Construction)

1)    宾语从句强调整体,      谓语+宾语结构只强调宾语,是GMAT中常见的混淆选项。

2)    介词不能引导句子

(A) convinced of social work education结构只强调了social work education,没有强调convinced的完整内容

(B) should be in意思模糊,  无法表示出”属于”的意思; and that从语法上跟convinced that平行,但是从逻辑上and that后面的内容应该修饰university

(C)   句子结构复杂,且about无法有效地引导convinced的内容

(D)  正确,      用that从句能有效的表现convinced的内容; where清晰的表现了university和students的关系

(E) of结构无法有效地引导convinced的内容,而且of作为介词,不能引导句子,因此was convinced of … and students could…使用错误;and后面的句子没有平行对象 

句子结构: Rejecting the…, twentieth-century reformer Edith Abbott was convinced that…

补充说明:

GMAT一个常见的错误就是把一个完整的概念用一个名词来代替,造成对概念的解释不完整或引起结构的复杂.   这种错误常出现在宾语从句和that引导的同位语从句中:

that引导同位语:

Scientists find a result that rats will demonstrate some interesting behaviors. 

用名词来代替会变成: 

Scientist find a result of rats that will demonstrate some interesting behaviors. (解释不完全)或Scientist find a result of rats as demonstrating some interesting behaviors.(结构笨拙,复杂)

宾语从句:

…revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling…

用名词来代替:

…revealed creatures of the seabed that…(解释不完全)

…revealed creatures of the seabed’s suffering…(结构笨拙,复杂)

解决这两种问题的方法就是用 that 从句引导句子,简化结构,并能够进行完整的解释

还考到了which定语从句对先行词的指代,which定语从句必须紧跟先行词或先行词的同位语。还有"with+……"的伴随状语结构一定不要选。

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2011-11-08 10:46 编辑:cwf1986
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