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考研英语书信类小作文模板分析

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    信函从类别上分类包括以下几种类型:建议信、投诉信、求职信、辞职信、感谢信、道歉信、表扬信、询问信等。从信函对象来分的话,包括私人信函和公务信函。
    
    一、英文书信格式
    
    缩进式:称呼顶格写,正文每段第一行向后缩进4个字母,段与段之间不空行,落款位于中间偏右的位置。
    
    齐头式:称呼、正文和落款均顶格写。正文中,段与段之间空一行。
    
    考研(微博)应用文万学海文英语考研辅导老师们建议大家采用缩进式格式。
    
    ★ 称呼
    
    书信写作的称呼语大致分为两种情况:
    

书信的情况

称呼语

1)写给团体、组织或机构的负责人

①给不认识的人

Dear Sir or Madam,/ To Whom It Many Concern

②给认识的人

性别+姓:Dear Mr. Wang

性别+职务:Dear Mr./Ms. President/Professor/Manager

职务+姓名:Dear President (James) Wang

2)写给个人

①认识,但关系不太亲密

同1)中的②

②熟人或亲属

直呼其名:Dear Mary, Dear John

注:president的含义:总统、董事长、总裁、大学校长、会长、主席等。


    ★ 正文
    
    考研应用文一般有三点提纲,即三个内容要点。因此,考生应严格按照大纲要求写成三句,每句表达一个提纲要点,顺序不要打乱,做到文字条理清晰,简明准确。书信作文一般7~8句,使用3~5个关联词,3~5个从句,首尾两段可套用一些固定句型。
    
    ★ 落款
    
    a) 落款包括结束语和署名两部分。
    
    b) 结束语是表示礼节的套语,写在正文下面两三行处的右侧,从中间写起,第一个词的开头字母要大写,末尾用逗号。一般为“Yours sincerely/truly,”,根据考研大纲,署名一致为Li Ming,注意不能写自己的真实姓名。另外,考研书信类不要求写日期。
    
    二、英语书信模板
    
    1, 建议信
    
    Dear___,
    
    I am quite delighted to learn that_写信的原因.according to my point of view,表述建议内容.On the one hand,提出建议的理由一. On the other hand,建议的理由二,
    
    With regard to 具体到某一方面的建议, I suggest建议的具体内容. If 供被建议人的选择.it is unnecessary for you to建议内容的另一方面. What is more, 其它的建议. I am sure对建议内容所作的承诺.
    
    Please inform me期望被建议人作出的回应.
    
    Sincerely yours,
    
    Signature
    
    2, 投诉、批评、抱怨信
    
    Dear___,
    
    I am写信人的身份. I venture to write you a letter concerning抱怨的内容.
    
    The focal point of the complaint is抱怨的中心点.for one thing,抱怨内容的一个方面.for another,_抱怨内容的另一个方面_.honestly speaking,客观的评论.but抱怨产生的原因.
    
    All in all, there is still much room for improvement. Before I take any further action, it is my hope表达本人的愿望.Thank you for your time and kind consideration.
    
    Sincerely yours,
    
    signature
    
    3, 道歉信
    
    Dear ___,
    
    I am tremendously sorry to tell you that阐述道歉的理由.now, I am writing you this letter of apology to show my deep regret. please accept my sincere apology. I hope you will understand me and excuse me for请求对方给予原谅的理由.
    
    The reason for my absence was due to 造成过失的原因. I had no way out because自己当时的处境和情况. Therefore it is not in my power to过失产生的结果.
    
    Naturally, I want to suggest建议下次再实现的愿望. I shall be obliged if you商定下次见面的时间和地点. We may meet again and I hope to see you soon.
    
    Sincerely yours,
    
    Signature.
    
    4, 感谢信
    
    Dear___,
    
    I am now writing these few lines to express my sincere thanks for感谢的原因.I would like to know how much your对方所给予的帮助等meant to me. you have a positive genius for对收信人某方面的赞誉.I not only enjoyed对收信人给予帮助等的反应一,but also对收信人给予帮助等的反应二.I shall ever remember ___as one of the most___ in my life.
    
    I hope to have the opportunity of reciprocating. I will feel very honored and pleased if you表达自己回报的心愿.I am looking forward to seeing you next time!
    
    I repeat my thanks again for your___. please give my kind regards to your___.
    
    Yours truly,
    
    signature
    
    5, 求职申请信
    
    Dear___,
    
    I am applying for the position of想申请的职务 advertised in___. I major in所学的专业,my training in所接受过的培训definitely meets your qualifications. my complete resume is attached.
    
    I will graduate in毕业时间from毕业院校.in addition to the required courses of my major, I have选修课程. I also have some experience in社会工作经验.
    
    May I have a personal interview at your convenience? I can be reached by telephone联系方式.
    
    Sincerely yours,
    
    signature
    
    6, 祝贺信
    
    Dear___,
    
    I have learnt with delight that you祝贺的理由, I would like to extend to you my utmost congratulations on被祝贺人所取得的成就. You must be祝贺他很棒. And I feel very happy for you.
    
    被祝贺人所取得的成绩is quite exciting news! I know this is surely owing to 被祝贺人做出的努力.
    
    Kindly let me know when you询问对方何时有空.I hope表达愿望my best wishes for your___.
    
    Sincerely yours,
    
    Signature
    
    7, 邀请信
    
    Dear___
    
    开门见山提出事件活动,地点,时间,It would be pleasant/honored to have you here.
    
    During the party time/conference, we will have lots of activities/points you will be interested in. First,举行活动之一.second举行活动之二.
    
    I know/believe you will be very interested in对这次活动感兴趣.first/for one thing,受邀请人参加的理由之一.second/for another, 受邀请人参加的理由之二.the conference/the party would not be complete without you.
    
    The party/conference will begin at举行时间and we do hope you can come.
    
    Sincerely yours,
    
    signature
    
    8, 推荐信
    
    Dear___,
    
    It affords me much pleasure to recommend所要推荐的人to you. during his/her graduate years he/she was被推荐人在学校担任的职务. As his/her和被推荐人的关系I found him/he被推荐人的优点his/her performance in the school years was outstanding. first, he/she had been优点之一and showed great talents in优点表现的方面.in addition, he/she has a very pleasant personality. He/she has developed a strong sense of被推荐人的性格特征,and working with him/her is always和被推荐人一起时候的感觉.I can state that he/she has all the qualities of being所具备的特征.
    
    Therefore, I here recommend him/her to you with all my heart. Should you favor him/her with a position in your company? I am sure that his/her future conduct will prove worthy of your confidence.
    
    Sincerely yours,
    
    Signature
    
    Best wishes to___.
    
    11,辞职信
    
    Dear___,
    
    I am writing to inform you about my decision to resign from my current position. I plan to leave my job here辞职的工作.
    
    There are several reasons involved, first of all, 辞职的原因之一,in addition, _辞职的原因之二__.most importantly, 辞职的原因之三.therefore, I would like to为什么选择辞职.
    
    Please let me take this chance to thank you for the rewarding experience I have enjoyed during my employment. I am sorry for any inconvenience caused to you. my best wishes for the company’s continued growth.
    
    Sincerely yours,
    
    Signature
    
1
2011-10-21 11:57 编辑:甯老师
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最新评论:
  • etrealshu 说:

    Letter formats well-explained.
    The phrase 'according to my point of view' is rather awkward though. Maybe 'In my opinion' is better?
    Anyway, love this. Thank you. It's nice to learn something about letter writing.

    2011-10-28 14:10 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 沙发
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