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粮价高企穷人遭殃

所属:听力板块 来源:voa 阅读:2173 次 评论:2 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:发展中国家的粮食安全日益引发关注。食品价格上涨,突发天气和政治问题使得许多国家家庭更深地陷入挣扎。联合国三家机构上周周日世界粮食日庆祝活动前发布了《世界粮食不安全状况》报告。

Poor Suffer as Food Prices Likely to Stay High

There are growing concerns about food insecurity in the developing world. Rising food prices, weather emergencies and political problems are deepening the struggle of families in many countries.

Three United Nations agencies published a report last week before Sunday's observance of World Food Day. This year's "State of Food Insecurity in the World" report says high prices are likely to continue. Gregory Barrow is with the World Food Program in Rome.

GREGORY BARROW: "If you look at the places where World Food Program works particularly in developing countries, you see populations of people who might be spending sixty, seventy, eighty percent of their salaries on purchasing food for their families."

The report says even short-term price increases can have a long-term effect. Reducing nutritious food early in a child's life can affect mental and physical development and limit future earnings.

East Africa is suffering its worst drought in years. In Kenya, at least three and a half million people are going hungry, mostly in the north. Yet food is going to waste in central Kenya. Now, farmers there want the government to buy their food and get it to those in need.

Farmers say bad roads and a lack of transportation make it difficult for them to get their produce to market. Storage is another problem. And they complain about a big drop in food prices.

Nahashon Gitau farms almost three hectares about a ninety-minute drive from Nairobi. He says he regrets that he wastes at least twenty-five percent of his harvest while other Kenyans are hungry.

NAHASHON GITAU: "It is for the government to make some arrangements -- perhaps even give transport. Then, they can buy it at a good price, then give it to those people instead of asking for food from overseas, which is very bad. When we are throwing away food, they are asking for food from overseas."

Economists say the imports reduce local food prices, decrease productivity and increase dependency among the people.

Mr. Gitau says if he could receive higher prices for his crops, he could feed more Kenyans.

NAHASHON GITAU: "From my farm, I would perhaps sell every season, say, one hundred bags of potatoes, and perhaps ten thousand heads of cabbages, say, three times in a year. I can manage that product. And I have got some other farmers who can do even better than me."

Kinangop District officer Peninnih Dzombo explained why local governments have not taken action.

PENINNIH DZOMBO: "In our department, in most cases we usually work through reports and all that. So it depends on who will read the report. But we have not made the effort to have it like a priority that we want A, B, C, D addressed."

Ms. Dzombo says her office does not get enough money from the central government to improve roads and take other steps to help farmers reach markets.

标签:voa special
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2011-10-18 20:47 编辑:pliny
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  • lucysue 说:

    I'm unable to read whole line due to the Ads on the right side. Why? Please let me know. Thank you so much! Lucy

    2011-10-19 08:18 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 沙发
    • pliny 说:

      sorry ,there are some probs with the typeset,my apologize .It's okay now

      2011-10-19 09:31 回复 支持(0) 反对(0)
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