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跟The Economist学雅思小作文(9)

所属:雅思 作者:htt0724 阅读:2853 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:经济学人是提高雅思写作成绩的好资源。下面让我们来看一看今天的这篇daily chart吧。

IT IS famously tricky to compare crime statistics across frontiers. Murder figures are the best of the bunch because the offence is usually reported. According to the first global study on homicide by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, most of the world’s 468,000 intentional homicides in 2010 were in Africa (36%) and the Americas (31%), where the murder rate was 15-16 per 100,000 people, more than twice the global average of 6.9 per 100,000. Homicide in most parts of the world has been falling since 1995, but it has risen recently in Central America and the Caribbean. (There are no reliable data for Africa.) The study suggests two broad trends. The first is a link between development and crime. Countries with low scores on the United Nations Development Programme’s human-development index tend to have high murder rates and vice versa. But exceptions to this reveal a second trend. Organised crime, drug trafficking, violent gang culture and the prevalence of firearms are also correlated with higher murder rates, even in relatively developed countries. Honduras and El Salvador, which have the highest and second-highest murder rates in the world (82 per 100,000 and 66 per 100,000 respectively), are the prime examples of this. One worrying final thought: sudden dips in economic performance have also been known to increase the homicide rate, usually with a lag.

1. figure:数据,在分析图表数字的专用词。可以用data替换。

2. according to: 根据,可以和 in accordance to 替换。

3. more than twice,对数据时处理,不要简单的写出数字,而相应地要观察之间的关系。

比如 double(两倍), twice(两倍), triple(三倍),quadruple(四倍),one quarter of等等。

4. 表示下降,文中用了两种不同的动词,fall和dip。还可以用descend, drop ,plunge等替代。

5.表示上升,文中也用了两个,increase和rise,还可以用ascend, grow, growth等形式替代。

6. exception to表示。。。的例外。

7.prime表示首要的,main or most important。

8.with a lag:表示滞后,常用于经济术语。

标签:雅思 IELTS
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2011-10-11 12:01 编辑:htt0724
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