在线词典,在线翻译

世卫组织警告糖尿病将成全球流行病

所属:听力板块 阅读:2359 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:世界卫生组织估计全球有3.46亿人患有糖尿病,其中多数生活在中低收入国家。世卫组织指出,如果这种趋势继续下去到2030年,因糖尿病而死亡的人数将会翻倍,健康专家警告这将是全球性的流行病会产生重大的健康和经济后

 The World Health Organization estimates that 346 million people globally suffer from diabetes. Most of them live in low- and middle-income countries. The WHO projects that if current trends continue, deaths from the disease could double by 2030, and health experts warn it could become a global epidemic, with significant health and economic consequences.

Dr. Sue Kirkman is the acting chief medical officer for the American Diabetes Association. She said millions of people live with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes, the most common form of the disease.

“We tend to think of epidemics as infectious diseases, but we are now having an epidemic of diabetes worldwide,” she said.

“In the U.S., at least one in four people with type 2 diabetes are undiagnosed. We don’t really know worldwide, but presumably is probably higher in many countries.”

Type 2 diabetes impairs the body's ability to use insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar. The disease can damage the heart, eyes, kidneys and nerves.
 
The World Health Organization estimates that 346 million people globally suffer from diabetes, and if current trends continue, deaths from the disease could double by 2030.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention the cost of diabetes in the United States is about $174 billion per year, mostly for treatment of complications and disabilities.

Dr. Ann Albright, who heads the CDC's Diabetes Division, said, “The projections for diabetes today in the U.S.: one in 10 has diabetes; when we look out to 2050 that may become as high as one in three that may have diabetes.”

Albright said more than 50 million people in India have diabetes, followed by 40 million in China, and about 26 million in the U.S. Nearly 90 percent of these cases are type 2 diabetes, and are closely related to obesity, aging, and racial and ethnic factors.

“It’s important to point out that those of Asian descent, southeast Asian in particular, develop diabetes at a lower body weight,” she noted.

Scientists say obesity and lack of exercise contribute to the increased number of cases, as do earlier diagnosis and people living longer.

Dr. Myrlene Staten, a senior adviser for the Diabetes Research Division at the National Institutes of Health, said, “One of the big concerns of diabetes today is that type 2 diabetes did not occur in children 30 years ago, or it was rarely seen. But as children in America have become heavier, we are now starting to recognize type 2 diabetes in children, especially in children of minority populations, largely African-American and Hispanic.”

There is no known cure for diabetes, but doctors say making lifestyle changes - such as maintaining a healthy weight by eating right and exercising - is the best way to treat and prevent it.

标签:voa special
1
2011-10-06 22:03 编辑:pliny
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [听力板块]为什么说精准农业是一项好投资?

    精准农业是谋划如何提高产量,以及从现有资源中获取更多回报的一种途径。它通常涉及到技术的运用。计算机制导的拖拉机就是富裕国家常见的一个例子。
  • [听力板块]补充每天所需维生素

    维生素(vitamin)是人和动物为维持正常的生理功能而必需从食物中获得的一类微量有机物质,在人体生长、代谢、发育过程中发挥着重要的作用。
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章