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2011年7月gmat语法机经(至7.26)(二)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:2611 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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4.【cherryqjy (Q50,V31,680)】

语法大部分是平行,both by ...and by  主谓一致,due to/because  

48) Due to用法练习【PREP08-1-195】

Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

A.     the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in

B.     the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in

C.     that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to

D.     in the northeastern United States, sandpipers’ vanishing is due to residential and industrial development and to changes in          (B)

E.     in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers’ vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing

题目释义:Like the grassy fileds and old pastures…, the birds are vanishing…

考点:

1.      比较:like/unlike的对比双方需要遵循严格词性、功能等的平行。

2.      Due to可以用attributed to或caused by替代来权衡逻辑上是否合理,其次due to,similar to,differing from等有形容词性质的介词,GMAT中一般不能出现在句首。

aeoluseros补充说明:

1)due to一般作为复杂介词与owing to同义。然而有些人认为due在该组合中是形容词,因此反对下句中的用法,因为它违背了无动词分句的依附规则:

Due to bad weather, classes have been cancelled today.

那些人认为下句是可以的:Cancellation of classes today is due to bad weather.

由于GMAT语法的严格性,due to也不应该被放在句首。

2)due to有attribute, caused by的意思。

Due to means"cause by". It shoud only be used if it can be substitued with "caused by".

It doed not mean the same thing as "because of",

Incorrect: The game was postponed due to rain.

Correct: The game was postponed because of rain.

Correct: The game's postponement was due to rain.

选项分析:

A.    the sandpipers vanishing的中心词是sandipipers不是一个result,vanishing只是修饰语,且sandipipers与后面的is主谓不一致

B.    correct;就像草原和牧场,sandpiper itself 在消失àlike的比较对象很平行

C.    that引导的名词性从句描述的是一个事件与the grassy fields and old pastures不对等

D.   sandpipers’ vanishing事件与the grassy fields and old pastures不对等。由于like/unlike的比较相对严格,所以比较对象应尽可能接近,所以把in the northeastern United States放在中间很awkward

E.    the sandpipers’ vanishing事件与the grassy fields and old pastures不对等;主句不完整,缺少谓语;development与changes平行,不与practices平行

补充说明:

1.      注意这里未划线部分the grassy fields and old pastures的定语从句that the upland sandpiper needs中的that没有省略,因为that后面成分过于复杂,加入that句子结构更为清晰。

2.      注意未划线部分it的提示,数的单复。

3.      Change做n,搭配:Change in; Change of; Change from A to B

 

5.【龍之哀伤 (Q50,V35,700)】

49)原题 GWD TN21-11

Cash flows to stock and bond mutual funds have gained strength in the last two months, but fund managers have not been eager to invest the new money, instead of preferring to raise the cash levels in their portfolios at the highest level in six months .

A: have not been eager to invest the new money, instead of preferring to raise the cash levels in their portfolios at

B: have not been eager to invest the new money, instead preferring to raise the cash levels in their portfolios to

C: have not been eager at investing the new money, instead of preferring to raise the cash levels in thief portfolios to
D: were noteager to invest the new money, instead of preferring to raise the cash levels the cash levels in their portfolios at

E: were not eager at investing the new money, instead preferring to raise the cash levels in their portfolios to

答案:B


50)语法狗狗里面说了一个appoint的题, 那个题的结构是这样的,(A, B 都是人, B 貌似是A的爸爸) A 在 B 去世之前就request, be appointed 一个职位....

寂静4)记得有一个是什么he requested 人物甲 be appointed /be appointed to/that is appointed to什么的,be appointed to那个,不好意思了,语法没怎么看过,所以真的记不住

①Request

        表示要求:request/require/insist that ... do (动词原形表示虚拟)...

②Appoint

及物动词,后面直接加职务名词(双宾语): appointed her the chief operating officer of the company

【例PREP 07-1-85 正确句子】

In 1945, after a career as First Lady in which she shattered expectations with an audacity never matched by Abigail Adams or Dolly Madison, Eleanor Roosevelt was appointed a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly by President Harry S Truman
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2011-10-11 16:51 编辑:cwf1986
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