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研究:过度自信者更易成功

所属:生活杂谈 来源:英语点津 阅读:2368 次 评论:2 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:过度自信者更容易成功?这似乎有些不可思议啊…

 

他们经常因为太过自信甚至自负而遭到指责,然而成就最高的人往往是那些过高估计自身能力的人。
They are regularly accused of being too confident – even cocky – but the highest achievers are more often than not those who over-rate their ability.
研究人员认为他们现在已经首度发现为什么人类会有过度乐观的心理。
Now researchers believe they have discovered, for the first time, why humans have a false sense of optimism.
电脑操纵的模拟实验显示,在生活中各个方面,过分自信经常能够增加获胜的几率。
Computer led simulations have shown that overconfidence in all aspects of life can often improve your chances of winning.
多年以来,科学家对于过分自信是好事还是坏事以及为何会有这种心理一直存在分歧。
For many years scientists have been divided over whether overconfidence is a good or bad thing and why it existed.
爱丁堡大学的多米尼克•强森博士说:“一直以来人们都无法较好地解释为什么我们会过度自信,这一新模拟实验为其提供了一种进化上的理由。这种心理不大可能是意外,我们会过度自信,或许是有合理的原因的。”
‘There hasn't been a good explanation for why we are overconfident, and this new model offers a kind of evolutionary logic for that. It's unlikely to be an accident—we're perhaps overconfident for a good reason,’ said Dr Dominic Johnson of the University of Edinburgh.
短跑运动员尤塞恩•博尔特以其放松而自信的比赛状态著称,“最伟大的”拳击手穆罕默德•阿里也是这样。
Sprinter Usain Bolt is famed for his relaxed and confident approach to performing, as was ‘the greatest’ boxer Muhammad Ali.
不过,研究人员也要警告那些认为自己可以比高速飞行的子弹还快,比机车还有力量,或能一跳就越过高楼的人。
But there is a word of warning for anyone thinks they could be faster than a speeding bullet, more powerful than a locomotive, or able to leap tall buildings in a single bound.
积极的自我欺骗也会导致问题,并可能使人做出错误的决策、产生不切实际的期望、引发危险和造成失败。
Positive self-delusion can also cause problems and lead to wrong decision making, unrealistic expectations, danger and failure.
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2011-09-20 11:09 编辑:crystal156
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  • 通常是过分自信导致失败,所以每逢决策要 思前想后 战战兢兢 如履薄冰 如临深渊。。。

    2011-09-20 12:40 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 沙发
    • om337 说:

      以我的理解,这是显浅不过的道理。 人的一生要不断地做选择,不断地接受挑战,这都有着严重的赌博性。 人的一生,先天地注定是赌博的一生。 你积极参与的话,你就有胜的可能,虽然不等于不败。 如果你不参与的话,你就没有胜的可能,等于失败。 不论是自信或过分自信, 那只是程度上的不同,但都促成积极参与人生赌博, 比之没有自信而造成的不参与更有成功的可能。 就是这么简单,用不着什么博士论文。 But , in reality , I am a loser. Not that I am not confident enough to gamble, but that I am too lazy to even go to the casino.

      2011-09-21 00:41 回复 支持(0) 反对(0)
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