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2011秋高级口译考试英译汉原题及参考译文

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小编摘要:2011秋上海高级口译考试英译汉原题及参考译文。

In the coming decades, Europe’s influence on affairs beyond its borders will be sharply limited, and it is in other regions, not Europe, that the 21st century will be most clearly forged and defined.

今后数十年,欧洲对于境外国际事务的影响将受到严重制约。展望21世纪,未来发展和规划的重心亦在其他地区,而非欧洲。

Certainly, one reason for NATO’s increasing marginalization stems from the behavior of its European members. With NATO, critical decisions are still made nationally; much of the talk about a common defense policy remains just that — talk. There is little specialization or coordination.

可以肯定的是,北约不断受到边缘化一定程度上源于其欧洲成员国的行径。在北约,关键性决策仍旧由各国独立制定,而关于共同防务政策的讨论很多仅仅流于纸上谈兵,往往不够专业或缺乏协作。

Missing as well are many of the logistical and intelligence assets needed to project military force on distant battlefields. With the Cold War and the Soviet threat a distant memory, there is little political willingness, on a country-by-country basis, to provide adequate public funds to the military.

同样匮乏的还有远征军队所需的大量后勤物资及情报人员。冷战和苏联的威胁已逐渐被人淡忘,欧洲各国往往在政治上不愿为军队提供足够的公共资金。

Political and demographic changes within Europe, as well as the United States, also ensure that the transatlantic alliance will lose prominence. In Europe, the E.U. project still consumes the attention of many, but for others, especially those in southern Europe facing unsustainable fiscal shortfalls, domestic economic turmoil takes precedence.

欧洲以及美国政治和人口的变迁也决定了跨大西洋联盟的重要地位将日渐式微。在欧洲,欧盟的计划仍成为众多国家关注的焦点,但对于其他国家,尤其是在南欧面临财政赤字而举步维艰的国家,国内经济震荡业已成为首要痼疾。

No doubt, Europe’s security challenges are geographically, politically and psychologically less immediate to the population than its economic ones. Mounting financial problems and the imperative to cut deficits are sure to limit what Europeans can do militarily beyond their continent. It is true that the era in which Europe and transatlantic relations dominated U.S. foreign policy is over.

毋庸置疑,欧洲的安全问题无论在地理、政治还是心理层面,均不会像经济问题那样成为国民的燃眉之急。在欧洲,财政问题与日俱增,消除赤字亦成为当务之急,这些必会让欧洲人在欧洲大陆以外的军事行动束手束脚。欧洲以及美欧关系主导美国外交政策的时代终已一去不复返。
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2011-09-19 15:50 编辑:juliatt
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