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2011年7月gmat语法机经(至7.18)(六)

所属:其他考试 作者:cwf1986 阅读:1983 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

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7月11日

1.【starmirror】

11)有一道是说  After she died....., XXXX had created the .....啦之类的,后半段划线,有个比较混淆。 时态问题。 开头要用人名毋庸置疑,但是两个差别在于一个过完时态,一个是过去时态。

①GMAT中使用过去时态的标志【白勇语法】

after the civil war, in1933, two years/days/weeks ago, last year, from 1985 to 1989

originally

②完成时:since; within/during/over/in+the past/last/recent+时间短语(注意during/in/over the last year可以用现在时也可以用完成时,取决于当时发生的事情是否延续到现在或对现在是否还有影响,而last year用过去时)

12)考主谓一致比较多。然后就是 with 独立主格 与 -ing 伴随的选择。 重点就这几个

【PREP独立主格,分词短语伴随知识点】

①独立主格结构做伴随状语:

独立主格结构放在句首或句尾,起状语作用,表伴随原因﹑条件﹑状态

With 型独立主格,与主句形成紧密的逻辑联系,形式为:

由“with   +宾语+宾补”构成的复合结构,在句中可作状语,表示伴随。这一结构中的宾语补足语可由现在分词、过去分词、形容词、副词或介词短语等来充当

【练习题GWD-4-17】

Although the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its sales at restaurants open for more than a year have declined.

A.     the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales have increased dramatically, its

B.     the restaurant company has recently added many new restaurants across the country and its sales increased dramatically, its

C.     many new restaurants have recently been opened across the country and its sales increased dramatically, the restaurant company's

D.     having recently added many new restaurants across the country and with its sales increasing dramatically, the restaurant company's          (A)

E.     recently adding many new restaurants across the country and having its sales increase dramatically, the restaurant company's

考点:

题目释义 逻辑表达 平行对称

1. 逻辑主语,prep+doing, svo. doing的逻辑主语等于主句主语。
2. 代词指代,its应该指代the restaurant company

选项分析:

A.     Correct。

B.     has recently added… and its sales increased时态不平行,发生在同一时间且不同主语的事情应该补全时态,并且前面是has,后面是have,则后面的have绝不可省。

C.     its指代模糊;many new restaurants have recently been opened没有体现出动作的发出者,使得句意含糊。

D.     having recently add的逻辑主语应该是the restaurant company,但本句成了the restaurant company’s sales;with伴随状语发生时间不定,根据伴随主句的原则,应该是与主句发生时间一致,错误。

E.     adding与having逻辑主语成了sales错误;having adding变为adding,having had改为having,时态的更改引起句意的不合理

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2011-09-19 17:20 编辑:cwf1986
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