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蜂蜜-历史悠久的保鲜剂

所属:听力板块 来源:普特英语听力 阅读:3533 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:蜂蜜是由蜜蜂采集植物蜜腺分泌的汁液酿成。蜂蜜的主要成分为糖类,其中60%~80%是人体容易吸收的葡萄糖和果糖,主要作为营养滋补品、药用和加工蜜饯食品及酿造蜜酒之用,也可以替食糖作调味品。

 The Oldest Sweetener, the Freshest Bread

蜂蜜成分75% 以上为糖类。据市场调查,90% 以上的人都认为蜂蜜与砂糖、异构糖、饴糖、人工甜味剂相比对人体健康更为有益。蜂蜜不仅是天然甜昧剂, 而且述具有其他的特殊功效。如利用蜂蜜的风味,甜昧、抗氧化机能和澄清天然水果汁类的机能,可以开发出多种新产品。

Honey has been around for a very long time.  Cave paintings in Spain from over ten thousand years ago show people harvesting honey.  Today honey is mostly used for its distinctive flavor, but for baking it has another advantage as well: baked goods made with honey take longer to get stale.

Honey helps baked goods stay fresh longer because, unlike common table sugar(蔗糖;食糖), honey is made of two so-called “simple” sugars: glucose(葡萄糖) and fructose(果糖).  Table sugar also has glucose and fructose, but they’re chemically bonded together in a double sugar(【生物化学】双糖) called “sucrose(蔗糖).”  Having two single sugars instead of one double sugar means that ounce-for-ounce honey contains more sugar molecules, which is why honey is also a little sweeter than table sugar.

But the reason honey helps keep baked goods fresh has to do with the ability of sugar to attract and hold onto water molecules.  All these sugars are “hygroscopic,” that is they attract and hold onto water, each sugar molecule holding several water molecules.  By holding onto water, the sugar helps keep moisture from escaping from the food and so keeps it tasting fresher longer.

But when two sugars, like fructose and glucose, bond to each other, they lose some of their ability to bond to water molecules.  And that means your bread or cake will lose water faster.  Honey’s attraction to water is also why candy made from honey tends to get stickier than candy made from sucrose, or table sugar.

Commercial bakeries use chemicals like Polysorbate(聚山梨醇酯) to keep baked goods fresh, but with honey you can do it naturally. Incidentally, if you’re worried that honey will make your cake too heavy, try beating the honey until it’s frothy before adding the other ingredients.

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2011-09-16 17:30 编辑:pliny
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