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专四语法词汇详解四十套:第十三套

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小编摘要:四十套语法词汇详解,帮您各个击破专四语法知识点。

 引起倒装的前置状语

当句首状语为否定词或带否定意义的词语时,一般引起局部倒装。这些词语常见的有:never, not for one minute, no longer, on no account, no more, nowhere else, at no time, hardly, scarcely, rarely, not for nothing等。例如:

Never have I found him in such a good mood.

句首状语若由“only+副词”、“only+介词词组”、“only+状语分句”构成,也可引起局部倒装。
例如:

Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing.

以关联连词not only(but also)和so(...that)开头的句子,通常引起局部倒装。例如:

So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.

近义词辨析

gaze, glare, gape, peer, stare

这组词均含有“注意地或专注地看”的意思。

gaze

指长时间目不转晴地看或凝视,常用于表达惊奇、羡慕或心不在焉的心情。

We gazed at the rough sea lost in thought.我们凝视波涛汹涌的大海,陷入沉思。

glare

指怒目而视,敌视或仇视。

People glared at the man who had assassinated their premier.人们愤怒地瞪着刺杀了他们总理的凶手。

gape

指目瞪口呆地凝视,常有发呆的意味。

Tourists gaped at the animal keeper feeding meat to the lions.游客们目不转晴地看着饲养员给狮子喂肉。

peer

指眯起眼睛窥视。

The detective peered into the room through his binoculars.侦探用望远镜向屋内窥视。

stare

指睁大眼睛看,带有好奇、猜疑或傲慢等含义。

The girl stared at the beggar instead of giving him some money.小女孩冷冷地盯着乞丐,没给他钱。

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2011-09-09 13:00 编辑:wjy2005tom
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