11. 公司认为现在的培训员工费用太高了，于是提出一个新的学徒计划，让有资历的员工来训练新来的员工。学徒通过观察senior employees的做事方法学习。公司认为这样可以省很多钱。
Fun Toy Company采取了一个职工培训计划program，让senior employees volunteer to take an new employees as their apprentice, 这样的话，new employees 就可以follow the pattern sets by the senior employees. 用这种方法， 可以减少培训成本，也不会time-consuming。因此，我们公司也应该仿效该公司，采取同样的方法来培训员工。
偶写的错误是：false analogy& gratuitous assumption
V2.FUN TOY公司采用'apprentice'的员工培训策略，新晋员工向senior员工学习，同时senior员工可以得到一笔奖金，这样可以节省时间和成本。因此我们Tire manufacturing公司也可以使用这一策略。
V3. HR director of Excellent, a tire manufacturing company, suggests to apply the training program in the Toys Fun Company to reduse the training cost.
V4.说是公司的 cost of training new employees 非常高,因此就有个什么 Training Program , 是说让 senior employees 去帮助新来的，这些senior employees can get a salary of bonus if volunteer 然后又说这个program 在JOY 什么公司惯用，因此我公司也要imitate
12．题库原题： AA106. The following appeared as part of a memorandum from the loan department of the Frostbite National Bank.
“We should not approve the business loan application of the local group that wants to open a franchise outlet for the Kool Kone chain of ice cream parlors. Frostbite is known for its cold winters, and cold weather can mean slow ice cream sales. For example, even though Frostbite is a town of 10,000 people, it has only one ice cream spot — the Frigid Cow. Despite the lack of competition, the Frigid Cow’s net revenues fell by 10 percent last winter.”
范文：In this memorandum the loan department of Frostbite National Bank recommends against approval of a business loan to a local group that wants to open an ice cream parlor. In support of this decision the loan department points out that Frostbite has a reputation for cold winters and sales of ice cream decrease in cold weather. This latter point is buttressed by the fact that Frostbite’s only ice cream parlor suffered a 10 percent decline in net revenues the previous winter. The loan department’s decision is questionable for the following reasons.
To begin with, since it is reasonable to expect a decline in ice cream sales during winter months, it is difficult to assess the relevance of the fact that Frostbite has cold winters to the potential success of the Kool Kone franchise. Common sense suggests that this fact would be significant only if it turned out that Frostbite’s winter season lasted 9 or 10 months as it does in arctic regions. In that case slow sales could be expected for most of the year and the loan department’s opposition to the loan would be readily understandable. If, on the other hand, Frostbite’s winter season lasts only a few months and the remainder of the year is warm or hot, it is difficult to comprehend the loan department’s reasoning.
Next, the loan department assumes that the Frigid Cow’s decline in net revenue last winter was a result of slow sales occasioned by cold weather. While this is a possible reason for the decline, it is not the only factor that could account for it. For example, other factors such as poor business practices or lack of inventory could be responsible for the Frigid Cow’s loss of revenue. The loan department’s failure to investigate or even consider these and other possible explanations for the Frigid Cow’s decline in revenue renders their decision highly suspect.