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2012考研英语大作文写作模式指导

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     考研作文分为Part A、Part B两部分,也就是我们通常所说的大作文、小作文,考生在短期内通过努力可以快速提高。一般以漫画为主是大作文的考试风格,题材多选择议论文。一般漫画都直观、简单,考生的写作重点着重于下:一、描写漫画:50个单词左右。该部分写作要求语言简练、无语病。二、110-150个单词左右,按照题目要求的步骤分段写作,题目可能是要求考生解释图片隐含的深意表明立场并举例(如2007年),也有可能是反省图片反映现象产生的后果并表述自己观点(2006年),等。我们选取万学海文《2012考研英语历年真题权威解析(2002-2011)》中的部分优秀例句为考生复习大作文进行参考。
    
    大作文的构造一般包括开头段、扩展段(可以有多个)和结尾段。开头段和结尾段通常短于扩展段。
    
    一、开头段
    
    简要描述图片:
    
    As is vividly depicted in the picture...
    
    As is portrayed in the enlightening picture,...
    
    As is unfolded in the picture above, we can see that...
    
    As is shown in the picture, we can see clearly the relationship between...and...
    
    In the picture presented to us, we can see...
    
    The picture symbolically depicts that...
    
    The terrible scene depicted in the cartoon shows that ...
    
    The picture vividly shows...
    
    The above two pictures have shaped contrast to each other. As is shown in the first drawing,... In contrast,...
    
    The above two pictures have shaped sharp contrast to each other. In one picture, ....But in the other, ...
    
    The most striking feature of the drawing is ...
    
    The purpose of the picture is to show us that...
    
    We can deduce form this picture that...
    
    二、扩展段
    
    基本要求:
    
    1.篇幅长于开头段、结尾段;
    
    2.每段都有相应的主题句;
    
    3.包含论证、解释、评论等;
    
    常用句型:
    
    On the one hand, many people hold a view that...
    
    On the other hand, others argue that...
    
    This picture does reflect a thought-provoking social phenomenon that...
    
    The picture conveys a deep and soul-stirring meaning.
    
    Though this picture only describes..., yet it demonstrates a universal law that...
    
    The drawing sets us thinking too much due to...
    
    It is most likely that the drawer means to compare... to ... in the drawing and reflect a problem in ... For one thing,... For another,...
    
    It can be easily spotted that...
    
    It goes without saying that the picture indicates that...
    
    Obviously, the picture indicates that...
    
    Undoubtedly, the picture arouses deep concern over the issue of...
    
    Sample as it is, the meaning conveyed by the picture is clear and profound.
    
    三、结尾段
    
    提出看法,常用句型:
    
    What it comes to...
    
    My opinion about this cultural phenomenon is that...
    
    In sum, it is essential for us to...
    
    Therefore, it is imperative that we should take some effective measures.
    
    Only in this way can the tragedy described above be avoided and only in this way can the society become more harmonious to live.
    
    The answer seems self-evident: what we should learn...
    
    Numerous examples can demonstrate the power of a positive attitude.
    
    Only by..., can we demonstrate grace under pressure and turn our dreams into reality.
    
    We can frequently use the drawings to enlighten people to...
    
    It is, therefore, necessary that some effective steps be made to...
    
    All things considered, I hold that...
    
    常用词语:
    
    1、总结关系过渡词语
    
    generally, in general, generally speaking, as a general rule, to take the above opinion to an extreme, to take the idea further, to some extent;as for me, as far as I am concerned, in my opinion, on a larger scale, in one sense, in a way,undoubtedly, obviously, in terms of, in conclusion, in a word, in summary,in brief, to sum up, on the whole, to conclude...
    
    2、比较对比关系过渡词语
    
    in common, in the same way, the same as, like, likewise, similarly, equally important, whereas, yet, but, however, nevertheless, otherwise, on the contrary, on the one hand, on the other hand, rather than, conversely, instead, in/by contrast...
    
    3、列举关系过渡词语
    
    such as, as an example, for example, for instance, as a case in point, thus, first and foremost, last but not least, first of all, in the first place, to start with, to begin with, also, next, besides,  moreover, furthermore, what is more, in addition (to that), for one thing, for another thing, eventually, finally, initially...
    
    4、因果关系过渡词语
    
    as, for, since, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently, due to, owing to, thanks to, because (of), on account of, result in (from),as a result of, as a consequence, for the reason that...
    
    5、让步关系过渡词语
    
    Although, despite, after all, granted that, even though, in spite of...
    
    6、强调关系过渡词语
    
    especially, particularly, above all, most important of all, surely, certainly, obviously, no doubt, to be sure, in deed, in fact, even worse, needless to say, anyway...
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2011-09-05 14:50 编辑:甯老师
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